No. 227 Squadron RAF

Summary

No. 227 Squadron RAF
Active1 April 1918 – 9 December 1918
1 July 1942 – 7 September 1942
20 August 1942 – 5 September 1945
CountryUnited Kingdom United Kingdom
BranchEnsign of the Royal Air Force.svg Royal Air Force
Motto(s)None
Insignia
Squadron BadgeNone
Squadron Codes9J (Oct 1944 - Sep 1945)

No. 227 Squadron RAF was a Royal Air Force Squadron that formed as bomber unit in World War I and World War II.

History

Formation and World War I

No. 227 Squadron was formed on 1 April 1918 as a day bomber unit and operated former RNAS Capronis from Pizzone, Italy, but it did not become operational and it disbanded on 9 December 1918.

Reformation in World War II

227 squadron was formed in Dec 1941. Personal sailed from Glagow in the ss. Viceroy of India on Jan 4th 1942 in convoy. The convoy was attacked by submarines in the North Atlantic about Jan 11th. One of the Castle ships was hit and left for the Azores. After four weeks the first port of call was Freetown. The next port of call was Durban. The entire personnel marched through Durban to the Town Hall where a Scotsman from 221 sang to the crowd after speeches by local dignitaries. After four days the convoy split. Some ships headed for the Far Easf. 227 squadron headed North unaccompanied and anchored at Aden for about 3 days. A Russian ship was anchored nearby and entertained the crew from a distance with some Russian songs. The Viceroy docked at Suez on March 4th. 227 disembarked and camped in tents at RAF. Kasfareet. Personal were employed attached to the MU assembling aircraft in temperatures that reached 129 degrees F.

After a few weeks 227 equipped with about 16 Beaufighters moved to RAF Gianakalas in the Western Desert and went straight into action against Rommel's advance under its CO, Squdron Leader O'Reilly.....he was an Irishman known Mad Mick. Within a few weeks after heavy losses of aircraft, personnel were evacuated in lorry convoy to Palestine camping at RAF Aqir awaiting the arrival of some Halifax. Bombers from the UK (No 10 and No 76 squadron). Of the 17 taking off from East Anglia only about 10 arrived - all too late to take part in the intended relief of Malta.

Bombers of 10 Squadron pending the arrival of Bristol Beaufighters. The squadron merged with 76 Squadron and 462 Squadron. On 20 August 1942, Beaufighters at Luqa, Malta were named 227 Squadron and the unit then moved to Egypt, Libya and Italy. On 12 August 1944, it was renumbered 19 Squadron, South African Air Force. It reformed again at RAF Bardney on 7 October 1944 and flew Lancasters against Germany. No. 227 Squadron was based at RAF Balderton, Nottinghamshire with Avro Lancasters between October 1944 - April 1945. 227 Squadron moved to RAF Strubby, Lincolnshire on 5 April 1945, then in June to RAF Graveley, where it was finally disbanded on 5 September.

Aircraft operated

Aircraft operated by No. 227 Squadron RAF[1]
From To Aircraft Variant
Apr 1918 Apr 1918 Caproni Ca 42
Apr 1918 Dec 1918 Airco DH.4
Jun 1918 Dec 1918 Airco DH.9
Aug 1942 Feb 1943 Bristol Beaufighter IC
Aug 1942 Aug 1944 Bristol Beaufighter VIC
Sep 1943 Aug 1944 Bristol Beaufighter XI
Oct 1943 Dec 1943 Bristol Beaufighter X
Oct 1944 Sep 1945 Avro Lancaster I & III

References

  1. ^ C.G.Jefford (1988). RAF Squadrons. UK Airlife Publishing. ISBN 1-85310-053-6.

External links

  • History of No.'s 226–230 Squadrons at RAF Web
  • 227 Squadron history on the official RAF website