Nocticolidae

Summary

Nocticolidae
Temporal range: Cenomanian–Present
Spelaeoblatta gestroi.png
Spelaeoblatta gestroi'
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Blattodea
Superfamily: Corydioidea
Family: Nocticolidae

Nocticolidae is a small family in the order Blattodea (cockroaches). It consists of only 32 known species in 9 genera. They are found in Africa, Asia and Australia. Most live in cave habitats, although a few are associated with termites. Cave adapted species are known from the Cenomanian aged Burmese amber, making them the oldest extant cavernicolous organisms.[1]

Genera

The family includes the following genera:

  • Alluaudellina Chopard, 1932
  • Cardacopsis Karny, 1924
  • Cardacus Strand, 1928
  • Metanocticola Roth, 1999
  • Nocticola Bolívar, 1892
  • Pholeosilpha Chopard, 1958
  • Spelaeoblatta Bolívar, 1897
  • Typhloblatta Chopard, 1924
  • Typhloblattodes Chopard, 1946
  • Crenocticola[2] Li and Huang, 2019 Burmese amber, Cenomanian
  • Mulleriblattina[1] Sendi et al, 2020 Burmese amber, Cenomanian

References

  1. ^ a b Sendi, Hemen; Vršanský, Peter; Podstrelená, Lenka; Hinkelman, Jan; Kúdelová, Tatiana; Kúdela, Matúš; Vidlička, Ľubomír; Ren, Xiaoyin; Quicke, Donald L.J. (February 2020). "Nocticolid cockroaches are the only known dinosaur age cave survivors". Gondwana Research. 82: 288–298. doi:10.1016/j.gr.2020.01.002.
  2. ^ Li, Xin-Ran; Huang, Diying (February 2020). "A new mid-Cretaceous cockroach of stem Nocticolidae and reestimating the age of Corydioidea (Dictyoptera: Blattodea)". Cretaceous Research. 106: 104202. doi:10.1016/j.cretres.2019.104202. ISSN 0195-6671.
  • Blattodea Species File: Nocticolidae