Ouyang Ziyuan


Ouyang Ziyuan
Ouyang Ziyuan.jpg
Born1935 (age 85–86)
Ji'an, Jiangxi, China
Alma materBeijing College of Geology
Beijing Institute of Geology[1]
OccupationCosmochemist, geochemist
Known forSpaceflight advocacy and research

Ouyang Ziyuan (simplified Chinese: 欧阳自远; traditional Chinese: 歐陽自遠; pinyin: Ōuyáng Zìyuǎn, born 1935) is a Chinese cosmochemist, geochemist and space advocate. He is a research professor at the Institute of Geochemistry of the Chinese Academy of Sciences.[1] Asteroid 8919 Ouyangziyuan, discovered in 1996, was named in his honor.


Ouyang was born in 1935 in Ji'an, Jiangxi.[1] He obtained a degree in geology at the Beijing College of Geology and a doctorate in mineral deposits and geochemistry at the Beijing Institute of Geology.[1] Thereafter, Ouyang spent many years conducting studies in deep mines. He later studied nuclear physics and worked in a particle accelerator laboratory. He later put forward a hypothesis of the formation of iron meteorites, an evolutionary model of the formation of the meteorites which fell at Jilin in 1976, and a theory of multi-stage cosmic ray radiation history.[1] His works include Celestial Chemistry, and he has published more than 160 scientific treatises. He was elected a Member of the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1991.[1]

Space advocacy

As an expert in geological research on underground nuclear tests and extraterrestrial materials, Ouyang was among the first to advocate not only the exploitation of lunar reserves of metals such as iron, but also the mining of lunar helium-3, an ideal fuel for nuclear fusion power plants. Ouyang is now the chief scientist of the Chinese Lunar Exploration Program (CLEP), also known as the Chang'e program. He is the most prominent supporter of the Chinese manned lunar exploration program, and also lobbies for the Chinese exploration of Mars.[2]

On November 12, 2008, upon China's publication of a comprehensive lunar surface map, Ouyang encouraged all three Asian nations then involved in lunar exploration (China, India and Japan) to increase co-operation in furthering humanity's understanding of the Moon.[3]

See also


  1. ^ a b c d e f "Ouyang Ziyuan". Astronautix.com. Archived from the original on October 15, 2012. Retrieved July 10, 2013.
  2. ^ 火炬手欧阳自远:“研究月球和举办奥运目标相通” (in Chinese). Xinhua. June 12, 2008. Archived from the original on October 19, 2012. Retrieved October 22, 2012.
  3. ^ "Chinese scientist calls for co-op between Asian space powers" Archived March 3, 2009, at the Wayback Machine. Xinhua. November 12, 2008. Retrieved March 16, 2013.

External links

  • Chinese Academy of Sciences lunar exploration-related articles