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Political kidnapping is kidnapping which is conducted to obtain political concessions from security forces or governments.
For a long period, political kidnapping was usually a Latin American phenomenon, with some few overlooked incidents in Europe. After the 1990s, when the interest of tourists and businessmen increased in Asian and pacific countries, the kidnappings also became a means to support the political motives of newly established dissidents groups. Like Abu Sayyaf, his group has conducted numerous political kidnappings.