Proioxis

Summary

Proioxis
Personification of Onrush
Member of the Machai (possibly)
AbodeUnderworld (possibly)
Personal information
ParentsEris (probably)
SiblingsPalioxis

In Greek mythology, Proioxis[pronunciation?] (Ancient Greek: Προΐωξις) was the personification of onrush or pursuit in battle (as opposed to Palioxis).[1] She and her sister Palioxis (Backrush) presided over the surge of battle. They were probably numbered amongst the Makhai, daimones of the battlefield. Proioxis was probably the same as Ioke.

Mythology

In the epic poem the Shield of Heracles, attributed to Hesiod, Proioxis was one of the many figures, depicted on Heracles' shield.[2]

In his hands he (Herakles) took his shield, all glittering : no one ever broke it with a blow or crushed it. And a wonder it was to see . . . In the centre was Phobos (Fear) worked in adamant, unspeakable, staring backwards with eyes that glowed with fire. His mouth was full of teeth in a white row, fearful and daunting, and upon his grim brow hovered frightful Eris (Battle-Strife) who arrays the throng of men: pitiless she, for she took away the mind and senses of poor wretches who made war against the son of Zeus . . . Upon the shield Proioxis (Pursuit) and Palioxis (Flight) were wrought, and Homados (Tumult), and Phobos (Panic), and Androktasia (Slaughter). Eris (Battle-Strife) also, and Kydoimos (Confusion) were hurrying about, and deadly Ker (Fate) was there holding one man newly wounded. . .[3]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Shapiro, Harvey Alan (1993). Personifications in Greek Art: The Representation of Abstract Concepts, 600-400 B.C. Akanthus. p. 21. ISBN 9783905083057. Retrieved 13 July 2018.
  2. ^ Hesiod, Shield of Heracles 154
  3. ^ Hesiod, Shield of Heracles 135–157 Public Domain This article incorporates text from this source, which is in the public domain.

Reference

  • Hesiod, Shield of Heracles from The Homeric Hymns and Homerica with an English Translation by Hugh G. Evelyn-White, Cambridge, MA.,Harvard University Press; London, William Heinemann Ltd. 1914. Online version at the Perseus Digital Library. Greek text available from the same website.