Provins

Summary

Provins
The historic center of the lower town seen from the Caesar tower.
The historic center of the lower town seen from the Caesar tower.
Coat of arms of Provins
Location of Provins
Provins is located in France
Provins
Provins
Provins is located in Île-de-France (region)
Provins
Provins
Coordinates: 48°33′37″N 3°17′56″E / 48.5604°N 3.299°E / 48.5604; 3.299Coordinates: 48°33′37″N 3°17′56″E / 48.5604°N 3.299°E / 48.5604; 3.299
CountryFrance
RegionÎle-de-France
DepartmentSeine-et-Marne
ArrondissementProvins
CantonProvins
IntercommunalityProvinois
Government
 • Mayor (2020–2026) Olivier Lavenka
Area
1
14.72 km2 (5.68 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018)[1]
12,000
 • Density820/km2 (2,100/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
77379 /77160
Elevation86–168 m (282–551 ft)
(avg. 91 m or 299 ft)
Websitewww.mairie-provins.fr; www.provins.net/en/
Official nameProvins, Town of Medieval Fairs
CriteriaCultural: (ii)(iv)
Reference873rev
Inscription2001 (25th Session)
Area108 ha (0.42 sq mi)
Buffer zone1,365 ha (5.27 sq mi)
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

Provins (French pronunciation: [pʁɔvɛ̃] (About this soundlisten)) is a commune in the Seine-et-Marne department in the Île-de-France region in north-central France.

Provins, a town of medieval fairs, became a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 2001.

Administration

With 11,844 inhabitants (2017), Provins is not the largest town in the arrondissement of Provins, but it is the seat (sous-préfecture). The largest town is Montereau-Fault-Yonne (20,206 inhabitants).[2]

The arrondissement has 176 communes[3] and 188,637 inhabitants (2017).[2] The canton of Provins has 81 communes and 57,947 residents.[2]

History

There are signs of human occupation in the area as early as the paleolithic era.

Roman Era

Provins was at the crossroads of two major regional corridors in Roman Gaul: one from Soissons to Troyes and one towards Sens in the south.[4]

Medieval Era

As proof of its growing importance, by the 9th century, Provins was minting its own coin, the “denier provinois,” and Charlemagne had sent his missi dominici to the town. Under the protection of the Counts of Champagne, it hosted one of the largest Champagne fairs, an agricultural and trade fair crucial to the medieval economy. King Philip IV visited Provins several times in the late 13th century, devastating the town with harsh taxes that ended its period of prosperity and caused residents to flee. The town was besieged numerous times and changed hands frequently in the 14th through 16th centuries.[5]

In one of the most famous events in Provins’ history, the recently crowned King Charles VII attended mass at the Collégiale Saint-Quiriace church, along with his royal court and saint Joan of Arc on August 3, 1429.

Modern Era

The Germans occupied the town in 1870 during the Franco-Prussian War, and were only barely fought off in 1914 during the First World War.

Sights

City walls and towers
The Saint Quiriace Collegiate Church [fr]

Provins is known for its medieval fortifications, such as the Tour César (the Caesar Tower) and well-preserved city walls.

The Saint Quiriace Collegiate Church is located here. The Empress Galla Placidia is said to have presented Ancona in Italy with the relics of Judas Cyriacus. However, the saint's head was situated at Provins, brought from Jerusalem by Henry I of Champagne, who built a church in this town to display it. It is still at the Saint Quiriace Collegiate Church, although construction work during the 12th century was never completed due to financial difficulties during the reign of Philippe le Bel. A dome was added in the 17th century, and the old families of Provins who lived in the upper town were called "Children of the Dome." After the addition of the dome, however, no further restoration efforts have been made towards the church.[6] The police station (2010) is a piece of contemporary architecture designed by Parisian architects Philippe Ameller and Jacques Dubois.

Two sets of caves underlie parts of the town. The first type were probably used to store food in the Middle Ages.[7] The second, deeper, type contains Bronze and Iron Age graffiti.[8]

Economy

Provins has important rose cultivation. It produces all sorts of foods from roses, and its main specialties are rose petal jam, Provinois rose honey and rose candy. Provins also used to be a large producer of wine, with the medieval methods of wine making still being carried out by residents, and some vineyards are still being used to produce.

Education

  • Public preschools (maternelles): Coudoux, Raymond Louis, Terrier Rouge, Ville Haute and Voulzie.[9]
  • Public primary schools: Coudoux, Désiré Laurent, Marais, Terrier Rouge, Ville Haute and Voulzie.[10]
  • Public junior high schools (collèges): Jules Verne, Lelorgne de Savigny, and Marie Curie.[11]
  • Public senior high schools (lycées): Thibaut de Champagne and Les Pannevelles.[12]
  • There is a private preschool through high school, Institution Sainte-Croix.[9][10][11][12]

Notable people

Provins is the birthplace of:

Provins is the hometown of:

Twin towns

Provins is twinned with:

See also

References

  1. ^ "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  2. ^ a b c Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2017, INSEE
  3. ^ "Arrondissement de Provins (773)". INSEE. Retrieved 2019-10-03.
  4. ^ Jean Mesqui (1979). Provins: la fortification d'une ville au Moyen Age. ISBN 9782600046121.
  5. ^ Opoix, Christophe. Histoire et description de Provins.
  6. ^ https://web.archive.org/web/20060525185521/http://www.provins.net/anglais/_private/cadrehistoriq.htm
  7. ^ "Provins in the dark". Retrieved 8 April 2013.
  8. ^ Digest, The Reader's (1978). The world's last mysteries. Montréal: Reader's Digest. p. 303. ISBN 089577044X.
  9. ^ a b les écoles maternelles. Provins. Retrieved on March 12, 2018.
  10. ^ a b les écoles primaires." Provins. Retrieved on March 12, 2018.
  11. ^ a b les collèges." Provins. Retrieved on March 12, 2018.
  12. ^ a b les lycées." Provins. Retrieved on March 12, 2018.

External links

  • City council website (in French)
  • Champagne and Brie in Medieval History of Navarre
  • provins.net (in French)
  • provins.org (in English)
  • provins-medieval.com (in French)
  • Provins photos (in English)
  • 1999 Land Use, from IAURIF (Institute for Urban Planning and Development of the Paris-Île-de-France région) (in English)
  • Ameller Dubois and Associates, architects of the Provins police station (in French)
  • Base Mérimée: Search for heritage in the commune, Ministère français de la Culture. (in French)