Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering

Summary

The Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering, also known as the QEPrize, is a global prize for engineering and innovation. The prize was launched in 2012 by a cross-party group consisting of David Cameron, Nick Clegg, and Ed Miliband, then Prime Minister, Deputy Prime Minister and Leader of the Opposition of the United Kingdom.[2] The £500,000 prize, and 3D printed trophy, are awarded annually in the name of Queen Elizabeth II (the prize was biennial until 2021).[3]

The Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering
Prize logo
Awarded forGround-breaking innovation in engineering which has been of global benefit to humanity
CountryUnited Kingdom
Presented byThe Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering Foundation
Reward(s)£500,000 and a trophy presented at Buckingham Palace
First awarded2013; 9 years ago (2013)
Winners6 prizes to 20 winners (as of 2022)[1]
Websiteqeprize.org

The prize is run by the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering Foundation, a charitable company. The Foundation is chaired by Lord Browne of Madingley, with Sir Paul Nurse, Mala Gaonkar, John Hennessy and Sir Jim McDonald serving as trustees. The QEPrize is funded by donations from the following international companies: BAE Systems, BP, GSK, Hitachi Ltd., Jaguar Land Rover, National Grid, Nissan Motor Corporation, Shell, Siemens UK, Sony, Tata Consultancy Services, Tata Steel and Toshiba.

The PrizeEdit

The Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering is awarded for engineering-led advances that are judged to be of tangible and widespread benefit to the public. The foundation invites nominations from the public, engineering and science academies, universities, research organisations, and commercial organisations from anywhere in the world; self-nomination is not permitted, and the prize is not awarded posthumously.[4]

The judging panel works from the information provided in the nomination, comments from referees and any additional information required in order to establish which nomination most fully meets the following prize criteria:

  1. What is it that this person has done (or up to five people have done) that is a ground-breaking innovation in engineering?
  2. In what way has this innovation been of global benefit to humanity?
  3. Is there anyone else who might claim to have had a pivotal role in this development?

The winner(s) of the QEPrize are announced every year by the Chairman of the QEPrize Foundation. In the first four prize cycles, this announcement was held at the Royal Academy of Engineering and was attended by members of the British Royal Family. The QEPrize award ceremony takes place in the same year as the announcement. The QEPrize trophy is designed by the winner of the Create the Trophy competition, presented to the winner(s) by a member of the Royal Family. In the first two prize cycles, the trophy was presented by the Queen. In subsequent cycles, the trophy has been presented by the Prince of Wales.

WinnersEdit

Year Invention Recipient(s) Nationality Notes
2013 The Internet and the World Wide Web Robert Kahn   United States The inaugural prize was awarded to the five engineers responsible for the creation of the Internet and the World Wide Web. The announcement was made by Lord Browne of Madingley in the presence of Princess Anne on 18 March. The winners of the 2013 prize were:

On 25 June the winners received their award from Queen Elizabeth II in a ceremony at Buckingham Palace in front of an audience that included the leaders of the UK's three main political parties, QEPrize judges, and a number of young engineers.

Vinton Cerf   United States
Louis Pouzin   France
Tim Berners-Lee   United Kingdom
Marc Andreessen   United States
2015 Controlled release large molecule drug delivery[5] Robert Langer   United States The 2015 prize was awarded to Robert Langer for his work in controlled-release large molecule drug delivery. The announcement was made by Lord Browne of Madingley in the presence of the Duke of York on 3 February. Dr Langer, who made a speech at the announcement, said he was “proud and privileged to win the biggest engineering prize in the world”. On 26 October, Langer received his award from Queen Elizabeth II[6] in a ceremony at Buckingham Palace.
2017 Digital Imaging Sensors George E. Smith   United States The 2017 prize was awarded to the four engineers responsible for the creation of digital imaging sensors, an innovation that has facilitated advancements in medical treatments, science, communication, and entertainment. The announcement was made by Lord Browne of Madingley in the presence of the Princess Royal on 1 February.[7] The winners of the 2017 prize were:

On 6 December, the winners received their award from the Prince of Wales in a ceremony at Buckingham Palace.

Michael Tompsett   United Kingdom
Nobukazu Teranishi   Japan
Eric Fossum   United States
2019 Global Positioning System (GPS) Bradford Parkinson   United States The 2019 prize was awarded to the four engineers responsible for the development of the first truly global, satellite-based positioning system (GPS),[1] whose combined efforts have enabled free, immediate access to accurate position and timing information for over 4 billion people around the world. Its applications range from navigation and disaster relief to climate monitoring and banking systems. The announcement was made by Lord Browne of Madingley in the presence of the Princess Royal on 12 February. The winners of the 2019 prize winners were:
  • Bradford Parkinson (US) for leading the development, design, and testing of key GPS components.
  • James Spilker, Jr (US) for developing the L-band GPS civil signal structure using CDMA.
  • Hugo FrueHauf[8] (US) for his instrumental role creating a highly accurate miniaturised atomic clock using a rubidium oscillator.
  • Richard Schwartz[9] (US) for leading the design and development of the highly robust, long-lasting Block I satellites.

On 3 December, the winners received their award from the Prince of Wales in a ceremony at Buckingham Palace.

James Spilker, Jr   United States
Hugo FrueHauf   United States
Richard Schwartz   United States
2021 LED Lighting Nick Holonyak   United States The 2021 prize was awarded to the five engineers responsible for the development of LED lighting – which forms the basis of all solid state lighting technology and is 75% more energy efficient than traditional bulbs, contributing to a global reduction of energy consumption. As a result of the COVID-19 pandemic, the announcement was made by Lord Browne of Madingley during a global livestream event. The winners of the 2021 prize were:
  • Nick Holonyak (US) for developing the first (red) visible-light light emitting diode.
  • M. George Craford (US) for developing the yellow LED and pioneering the development of AlInGaP LEDs using metal organic chemical vapour deposition (MOCVD).
  • Russell Dupuis (US) for demonstrating that MOCVD could be applied to high-quality semiconductor thin films and devices to produce high performance LEDs.
  • Shuji Nakamura (USA) and Isamu Akasaki (Japan) for their development of blue and white LEDs.

On 8 December, the winners received their award from the Prince of Wales in a ceremony St James's Palace.[10]

Isamu Akasaki   Japan
M. George Craford   United States
Shuji Nakamura   United States
Russell Dupuis   United States
2022 Neodymium-iron-boron magnet Masato Sagawa   Japan The 2022 prize was awarded to Dr Masato Sagawa for the discovery, development and global commercialisation of the world’s most powerful permanent magnet, the neodymium-iron-boron (Nd-Fe-B) magnet, which has been transformational in its contribution towards enabling cleaner, energy saving technologies.[11]
External video
 
  Hundreds of millions of people a year across the world benefit from the technologies that rest on the work of Robert Langer., Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering 2015

Judging PanelEdit

In 2022, the judges for the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering were: Professor Jim Al-Khalili, Dr John Anderson, Professor Brito Cruz, Dr Jean-Lou Chameau, Josephine Cheng, Dr Abdigani Diriye, Dr Alan Finkel, Professor Jinghai Li, Ilya Marotta, Dr Raghunath Mashelkar, Professor Tatsuya Okubo, Professor Viola Vogel, Paul Westbury, and Dr Henry Yang.

The Chair of Judges include: Lord Alec Broers (2013-2015), Sir Christopher Snowden (2015-2021) and Professor Dame Lynn Gladden (2022-Present).

QEPrize Ambassador NetworkEdit

The QEPrize Ambassador Network is an international network that brings together the best and brightest early-career engineers from all fields around the world, who work to inspire the next generation to take up the challenges of the future. QEPrize ambassadors act as evangelists for engineering, engaging with teachers, parents, school children, politicians, and journalists about their work and why engineering is such an important profession. The Ambassador Network became a global community in 2016.

Create the Trophy competitionEdit

The QEPrize trophy is designed by the winner of the Create the Trophy competition which, like the prize itself, runs annually. [12] The competition is open to those aged between 14 and 24, and is intended to encourage young people to develop 3D design skills.[13] Entries are submitted online through an app.

WinnersEdit

2013: Jennifer Leggett, 17. Leggett was invited to spend the day with designer Thomas Heatherwick before the design was finalised.[14]

2015: Euan Fairholm, 20, a mechanical engineering student at The University of Glasgow. His design, "The Golden Crown", was developed into a final form by BAE Systems and presented to Dr Robert Langer, the winner of the 2015 QEPrize.[15]

2017: Samuel Bentley, 15, from Wales. His design was 3D printed by BAE Systems, and presented to the 2017 QEPrize winners at Buckingham Palace.[16]

2019: Jack Jiang, 16, from Hong Kong.[17]

2021: Hannah Goldsmith, 20, from the United Kingdom.[18]

2022: Anshika Agarwal, 17, from India.[19]

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b "Press page". Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering. Retrieved 13 February 2019.
  2. ^ "Winners of the Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering". GOV.UK. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  3. ^ "Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering honours LED pioneers". BBC News. 2 February 2021. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  4. ^ "QEPrize home page". The Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering Foundation. Retrieved 20 March 2013.
  5. ^ "Q&A: Controlled-Release Large Molecule Drug Delivery". Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering Foundation. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  6. ^ "Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering presented to Dr Robert Langer". Royal Academy of Engineering. 28 October 2015.
  7. ^ Ford, Jason (1 February 2017). "Queen Elizabeth Prize awarded to creators of digital imaging sensors". The Engineer. Retrieved 9 January 2020.
  8. ^ "GPS pioneers honored with Queen's award at Buckingham Palace". GPS World. 3 December 2019. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  9. ^ "GPS originator Richard Schwartz ME '57 Talks about his Work & the QEPrize | The Cooper Union". cooper.edu. Retrieved 18 July 2019.
  10. ^ "Charles awards pioneers of LED lighting with prestigious engineering prize". The Independent. 8 December 2021. Retrieved 15 February 2022.
  11. ^ "Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering honours magnet pioneer". BBC News. 1 February 2022.
  12. ^ "Create the Trophy Competition - Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering". Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  13. ^ "Introducing the 2017 QEPrize trophy - Create the Future". Create the Future. 23 February 2017. Retrieved 24 February 2017.
  14. ^ "Queen Elizabeth Trophy Competition Winner Announced". Science Museum Blog. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  15. ^ "Winner of Queen Elizabeth Prize for Create the Trophy competition announced". The Manufacturer. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  16. ^ "QEPrize launches latest Create the Trophy competition". The Engineer. 8 October 2018. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  17. ^ "GPS pioneers honored with Queen's award at Buckingham Palace". GPS World. 3 December 2019. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  18. ^ "Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering honours LED pioneers". BBC News. 2 February 2021. Retrieved 22 February 2021.
  19. ^ "Queen Elizabeth Prize for Engineering honours magnet pioneer". BBC News. 1 February 2022. Retrieved 1 February 2022.

External linksEdit

  • Official website