Raigarh State

Summary

Raigarh was a princely state in India at the time of the British Raj. The state was ruled by a Gond dynasty of Gond clan.[1][2]

Raigarh State
रायगढ़ रियासत
Princely State of British India
1911–1947
Flag of Raigarh
Flag
Sakti-Raigarh-Imperial Gazetteer.jpg
Raigarh State in the Imperial Gazetteer of India
CapitalRaigarh
Area 
• 1892
3,849 km2 (1,486 sq mi)
Population 
• 1892
128,943
History
History 
• Established
1911
1947
Succeeded by
India
Raigarh (Princely State)

HistoryEdit

Raigarh estate was founded in 1625 by Madan Singh. He was descended from the Gond kings of Chanda.[3][4] In 1911 Raigarh estate was recognized as a state.[5] The state had an area of 3,848 square km and a population of 174,929 according to the 1901 census. The capital of state was city of Raigarh, which had a population of 6,764 inhabitants in 1901.[4][6]

The Rajas of Raigarh also owned the Estate of Bargarh and so held the title of Chief of Bargarh.[4] Around 1625, the Raja of Sambalpur, created Daryo Singh as Raja of Raigarh.[4] However, under British, it became a princely state only in 1911, during the reign of Raja Bahadur Bhup Deo Singh.[2][4]

Among the notable rulers of State were Deonath Singh, who assisted the British in the Mutiny of 1857.[4] Other rulers were Raja Bahadur Bhup Deo Singh,[4] Raja Chakradhar Singh.[7] Chakradhar Singh is noted for his contributions to Kathak and Hindustani music, especially for founding of Raigarh Gharana.[7] The last ruler was Lalit Kumar Singh, his son succeeded him to the throne of Raigarh and ruled briefly before the Raigarh State was merged into Union of India on December 14, 1947. The princely states of Jashpur, Raigarh, Sakti, Sarangarh and Udaipur were united later to form the Raigarh district in present Chhattisgarh.[8][9]

RulersEdit

RajasEdit

  • c. 1800 - c. 1830 Jujhar Singh
  • c. 1830 - 1863 Deonath Singh
  • 1863 - 1890 Ganshyam Singh
  • 1890 - 1911 Bhup Deo Singh (b. 1867 - d. 1917)

Raja BahadursEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "King Chakradhar Singh". Raigarh district, Official website. Archived from the original on 22 June 2009. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  2. ^ a b "Raigarh State". Imperial Gazetteer of India, Volume 21. 1909. pp. 45–47. Retrieved 19 February 2014.
  3. ^ Mehta, Behram H. (1984). Gonds of the Central Indian Highlands. Concept Publishing Company.
  4. ^ a b c d e f g Bond, J. W.; Wright, Arnold (1922). Indian States: A Biographical, Historical, and Administrative Survey edited by Arnold Wright. pp. 625–626. ISBN 9788120619654.
  5. ^ Princely States of India
  6. ^ Report on the Administration of the Feudatory States of the Central Provinces 1921 pp:37-38
  7. ^ a b Raigarh darbar by P. D. Ashirwadam Agam Kala Prakashan, 1990 On the contribution of Chakradhar Singh, Raja of Raigarh, 1905-1947, to Kathak dance and Hindustani music.
  8. ^ Publication by Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics - 1973- Issue 61 - Page 346
  9. ^ India Today 1992- Page 74

Coordinates: 21°54′N 83°24′E / 21.9°N 83.4°E / 21.9; 83.4