|Name:||SS Oliver Ellsworth|
|Operator:||Agwilines Inc, New York City|
|Builder:||Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards Inc, Baltimore, Maryland|
|Fate:||sunk on 13 September 1942|
|Draught:||27 ft 9.25 in|
|Speed:||11 to 11.5 knots (20 to 21 km/h)|
|Capacity:||7,200 tons of ammunition and aircraft as deck cargo|
The SS Oliver Ellsworth was a 7,191 ton American liberty ship in World War II. She was built by Bethlehem-Fairfield Shipyards Inc, of Baltimore, Maryland in 1942 and operated by Agwilines Inc, New York City. She was named for Oliver Ellsworth, and was armed with one 4 in (100 mm), one 3 in (76 mm), eight 20 mm and two .30 cal (7.62 mm) guns.
Career and sinking
Completed in June 1942, the Oliver Ellsworth was just three months old when she was assigned to Convoy PQ 18, one of the Arctic convoys delivering supplies to the Soviet Union. She carried 7,200 tons of ammunition and aircraft as deck cargo. She was commanded by her Master, Otto Ernest Buford.
The convoy was shadowed by German forces and soon came under attack by the Luftwaffe and U-boats. At 09.52 hours on 13 September, U-408 sighted the convoy about 100 miles southwest of Spitsbergen and fired a spread of three torpedoes. One hit the Soviet SS Stalingrad. The other two torpedoes missed the stricken Soviet merchant, but one of them hit the Oliver Ellsworth which had had to steer hard left to avoid the torpedoed ship.
The Oliver Ellsworth was hit on her starboard side between the #4 and #5 holds. The engines were stopped and the crew of eight officers, 34 crewmen and 28 armed guards abandoned ship in four lifeboats within 15 minutes after the hit, because they feared an explosion of their cargo. But the Oliver Ellsworth continued moving, causing both starboard boats to swamp and one of the port boats struck a raft and sank. Within an hour the rescue ship Copeland and the A/S trawler HMS St. Kenan, had picked up all the survivors; they were later landed at Archangel. After the rescue, St. Kenan fired upon the still floating wreck of the Oliver Ellsworth, which sank stern first at 10.30 hours. Out of a complement of 70, all had been rescued except for one armed guard who drowned.
- SS Oliver Ellsworth at Uboat.net
- Convoy web
- 18/index.htm Account of the sinking of the Oliver Ellsworth