Secretary of National Defense (Philippines)

Summary

The secretary of national defense (Filipino: kalihim ng tanggulang pambansa) is the head of the Department of National Defense and is a member of the president's Cabinet.[1]

Secretary of National Defense
Kalihim ng tanggulang pambansa
Department of National Defense - DND (Philippines).svg
Official seal of the
Department of National Defense
Delfin Lorenzana (cropped).jpg
Incumbent
Delfin Lorenzana

since June 30, 2016
StyleThe Honorable
Member ofCabinet
AppointerThe President
with the consent of the Commission on Appointments
Term lengthNo fixed term
PrecursorDirector of War
Secretary of War and Public Works
Minister of War
FormationNovember 1, 1939
(82 years ago)
 (1939-11-01)
First holderTeofilo Sison
Websitehttp://www.dnd.gov.ph

The current secretary is Delfin Lorenzana, who assumed office on June 30, 2016.[2]

This cabinet post is considered one of the stepping stones of the Philippine presidency. Two secretaries of defense were elected president: Ramon Magsaysay in 1953 and Fidel V. Ramos in 1992. Several others have run for president, such as Alejo Santos, Juan Ponce Enrile, Renato de Villa, Norberto Gonzales and Gilbert Teodoro.

List of secretaries of national defenseEdit

Prior to the department's formation in 1935, President Emilio Aguinaldo established a similar department, the Department of War and Public Works. Three individuals served as heads of the department. They are as follows:[3]

Revolutionary Government and First Philippine RepublicEdit

Name Term Began Term Ended
Director of War
Emiliano Riego de Dios March 22, 1897 December 15, 1897
Minister of War and Public Works
Baldomero Aguinaldo July 15, 1898 January 2, 1899
Secretary of War and Public Works
Baldomero Aguinaldo January 2, 1899 May 6, 1899
Mariano Trías May 7, 1899 March 23, 1901

Commonwealth and Republics of the PhilippinesEdit

# Name Term Began Term Ended President
Secretaries of National Defense
1 Teofilo L. Sison November 1, 1939 July 15, 1941 Manuel L. Quezon
* Manuel L. Quezon[A] July 16, 1941 December 10, 1941
2 Jorge B. Vargas December 11, 1941 December 22, 1941
Secretary of National Defense, Public Works, Communications and Labor
3 Basilio J. Valdes December 23, 1941 August 1, 1944 Manuel L. Quezon
Secretaries of National Defense and Communications
Basilio J. Valdes August 1, 1944 February 6, 1945 Sergio Osmeña
4 Tomas L. Cabili February 27, 1945 July 11, 1945
Secretary of National Defense and the Interior
5 Alfredo Montelibano,Sr. July 12, 1945 May 27, 1946 Sergio Osmeña
Secretaries of National Defense
6 Ruperto Kangleon May 28, 1946 August 31, 1950 Manuel Roxas
Elpidio Quirino
7 Ramon Magsaysay September 1, 1950 February 28, 1953
8 Oscar Castelo March 1, 1953 December 19, 1953
* Ramon Magsaysay January 1, 1954 May 14, 1954 Ramon Magsaysay
9 Sotero B. Cabahug May 14, 1954 January 2, 1956
10 Eulogio Balao January 3, 1956 March 17, 1957
March 18, 1957 August 28, 1957 Carlos P. Garcia
11 Jesus M. Vargas August 28, 1957 May 18, 1959
12 Alejo S. Santos June 11, 1959 December 3, 1961
13 Macario Peralta, Jr. January 1, 1962 December 30, 1965 Diosdado Macapagal
* Ferdinand E. Marcos[A][B] December 31, 1965 January 20, 1967 Ferdinand E. Marcos
14 Ernesto S. Mata January 21, 1967 February 3, 1970
15 Juan Ponce Enrile February 9, 1970 August 27, 1971
* Ferdinand E. Marcos[A][B] August 28, 1971 January 3, 1972
Juan Ponce Enrile January 4, 1972 June 30, 1978
Minister of National Defense
Juan Ponce Enrile June 30, 1978 February 25, 1986 Ferdinand E. Marcos
February 25, 1986 March 25, 1986 Corazon Aquino
Secretaries of National Defense
Juan Ponce Enrile March 25, 1986 November 23, 1986 Corazon Aquino
16 Rafael M. Ileto November 23, 1986 January 21, 1988
17 Fidel V. Ramos January 22, 1988 July 18, 1991
18 Renato S. De Villa July 20, 1991 June 30, 1992
June 30, 1992 September 15, 1997 Fidel V. Ramos
19 Fortunato U. Abat September 16, 1997 June 30, 1998
20 Orlando S. Mercado June 30, 1998 January 20, 2001 Joseph Ejercito Estrada
January 20, 2001 January 25, 2001 Gloria Macapagal Arroyo
* Eduardo Ermita[B] January 25, 2001 March 19, 2001
21 Angelo T. Reyes March 19, 2001 August 29, 2003
* Gloria Macapagal Arroyo[A][B] September 1, 2003 October 2, 2003
22 Eduardo Ermita October 3, 2003 August 24, 2004
23 Avelino J. Cruz, Jr. August 25, 2004 November 5, 2006
* Gloria Macapagal Arroyo[B] November 30, 2006 February 1, 2007
24 Hermogenes E. Ebdane, Jr. February 1, 2007 July 2, 2007
* Norberto Gonzales[B] July 2, 2007 August 7, 2007
25 Gilberto C. Teodoro, Jr. August 7, 2007 November 15, 2009
* Norberto Gonzales[B] November 15, 2009 June 30, 2010
26 Voltaire T. Gazmin June 30, 2010 June 30, 2016 Benigno S. Aquino III
27 Delfin Lorenzana June 30, 2016 Incumbent Rodrigo Roa Duterte

Notes:

  • A In concurrent capacity as President
  • B Served in an acting capacity

External linksEdit

  • DND website

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "The Secretary". dnd.gov.ph. DND. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  2. ^ Manuel Mogato (29 June 2016). "New Philippine defense chief says militant threat more pressing than South China Sea". Reuters. Retrieved 21 February 2020.
  3. ^ "History: The Department of National Defense". officialgazette.gov.ph. Official Gazette of the Republic of the Philippines. Retrieved 21 February 2020.