Security Forces Command

Summary

Security Forces Command
Güvenlik Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı
GKK logo.jpg
Security Forces Command emblem
Founded1976
Service branches
HeadquartersBoğaz, Girne
Leadership
CommanderBrig. Gen. Zorlu Topaloğlu
Manpower
Military age18
Conscription8 to 15 months
Active personnel15,000
Reserve personnel7,000
Industry
Foreign suppliers Turkey
Related articles
HistoryTurkish Resistance Organisation (TMT)
Turkish Cypriot soldiers of the Security Forces Command perform during the 2007 Republic Day parade.

The Security Forces Command (Turkish: Güvenlik Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı)[1] is the military and security force of the mostly unrecognized Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus.

It is a 9,000 strong force primarily made up of conscripted Turkish Cypriot males between the ages of 18 and 40. It is a combined arms force, with land, air and naval elements.

This force is supplemented by the 17,500–30,000 strong Turkish Military Forces in Northern Cyprus stationed on the island.[2][3]

History

The Republic of Cyprus' constitution provided for a bi-communal army (i.e. Greek and Turkish Cypriot) on a 60/40 per cent basis. The Cyprus army composed by both main Cypriot ethnic groups was created in 1960 yet was dismantled in the scope of the interethnic conflict 1963-4.[4] Since then, both communities have maintained their independent armed forces. Even before independence, the Turkish Cypriot community (and similarly the Greek Cypriot community) maintained its own paramilitary force (the Türk Mukavemet Teşkilatı or TMT), trained and equipped by the Turkish Army (ibid). In 1967 this force was renamed the Mücahit ("Mujahideen"), and in 1975 the Mücahit was renamed the Turkish Cypriot Security Force.[5] In 1974, Turkey led an invasion of Cyprus with the aim of protecting the Turkish minority population after a Greek-inspired coup brought a threat of union of the island with Greece. Since then there have been no major fighting in Cyprus and the island continues to be divided.

Organization

The Turkish Cypriot Security Force is under the command of an officer of the Turkish Army. The officer is appointed by the Turkish Armed Forces and holds the rank of major general, whereas the head of the Turkish military forces in Northern Cyprus holds a higher rank as lieutenant general.[5][6]

It includes 4 Infantry Regiments and the Coast Guard Command, two of which are expedition and the other two are (ready). In addition, the TRNC Police Organization is included in the Security Forces. The organization is as follows:

According to observers a large part of its budget was covered by the Turkish army, upon which it depended for training and equipment. It is also believed that the majority of its officers came from the ranks of the Turkish Army officer corps on temporary leave from their regular duties and its operations were controlled by the Turkish army.[5]

Strength

As of 2009, the strength of this force was believed to be about 9,000. It was organized into fifteen battalions in two brigades, infantry battalions armed with light weapons plus some artillery units equipped with mortars.[5]

Turkish Cyprus's Coast Guard has 36 vessels.[9] Coast Guard operates: KKTC SG 01 (Class: Turk type 80; construction:1997-2000; active since:2000)[10]

Military ranks of Turkish Republic of Northern Cyprus

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
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  • GKK Hrc tumg.jpg GKK Hrc tugg.jpg GKK Hrc alb.jpg GKK Hrc yb.jpg GKK Hrc bnb.jpg GKK Hrc yzb.jpg GKK Hrc ütgm.jpg GKK Hrc tgm.jpg OF-(D) KKTC Asteğmen.png
    Major general
    Tümgeneral
    Brigadier general
    Tuğgeneral
    Colonel
    Albay
    Lieutenant Colonel
    Yarbay
    Major
    Binbaşı
    Captain
    Yüzbaşı
    First Lieutenant
    Üsteğmen
    Second Lieutenant
    Teğmen
    Aspirant
    Asteğmen


    Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
    Northern Cypriot
    Security Forces Command

    Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Turkish Cypriot Security Force OR-6.svg Turkish Cypriot Security Force OR-5b.svg Turkish Cypriot Security Force OR-5a.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg No insignia
    Astsubay kıdemli baş çavuş Astsubay baş çavuş Astsubay kıdemli üst çavuş Astsubay üst çavuş Astsubay kıdemli çavuş Astsubay çavuş Çavuş Onbaşı Erler

    Compulsory military service

    According to the TRNC Constitution, every male citizen has a military service obligation. The recruitment age is 18 years.

    Military service periods:

    • 15 months in private equilibrium
    • 12 months in reserve officer equivalent
    • Reserve officer, sergeant equivalent 12 months
    • 8 months in short term equilibrium
    • It is 1 month provided that it fulfills its special status (paid and / or short term service) obligation.

    See also

    References

    Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Library of Congress Country Studies website http://lcweb2.loc.gov/frd/cs/.

    Bibliography
    • Christopher Hitchens - Cyprus, Hostage to History: From the Ottomans to Kissinger
    Notes
    1. ^ "Güvenlik Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı". Retrieved 13 May 2014.
    2. ^ http://lcweb2.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/r?frd/cstdy:@field%28DOCID+cy0158%29
    3. ^ Turkey: A Country Study, p.350. Kessinger Publishing, 2004. ISBN 1-4191-9126-8
    4. ^ Efthymiou S.A. (2019) Nationalism, Militarism and Masculinity After the Construction of the Border. In: Nationalism, Militarism and Masculinity in Post-Conflict Cyprus. Palgrave Macmillan, Cham. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-14702-0_2
    5. ^ a b c d Eric Solsten; Library of Congress. Federal Research Division (1993). Cyprus, a country study. Federal Research Division, Library of Congress. p. 232. ISBN 978-0-8444-0752-4. Although legally separate from the Turkish Army on the island, the Turkish Cypriot Security Force was believed to remain under the de facto operational control of the Turkish forces. It also depended on Turkey for training and equipment. Most of its officers were regular Turkish Army officers on secondment. Observers believed that many of its expenses were absorbed by the Turkish Army.
    6. ^ "KTBK Komutanlığı'na Korgeneral İsmail Serdar Savaş, GKK Komutanlığı'na Tüm General Baki Kavun atandı" (in Turkish). Kıbrıs Postası. 5 August 2012. Retrieved 9 April 2016.
    7. ^ "Özel Görev Kuvveti Komutanlığı - Güvenlik Kuvvetleri Komutanlığı". www.mucahit.net. Retrieved 2021-02-13.
    8. ^ "Türkiye'den KKTC'ye ilk Bayraktar TB2 İHA indi". BaykarSavunma (in Turkish). Retrieved 2021-04-20.
    9. ^ Ansamed, 04 June 2015 Northern Cyprus' Coast Guard
    10. ^ NTVMSNBC 16.07.2000

    External links

    • Official website (Turkish)
    • Military of Northern Cyprus on Reddet
    • Library of Congress - Country Study
    • Cypnet