TR-1 Temp


TR-1 Temp
SS-12 Scaleboard
9P120 Temp-s.jpg
9P120 launcher with 9M76 rocket of missile complex Temp-S
TypeTheatre ballistic missile
Short-range ballistic missile
Place of originUSSR
Service history
In service1969 - 1989
Used bySoviet Armed Forces
Production history
DesignerNadiradze OKB
ManufacturerVotkinsk Machine Building Plant
Mass9,700 kg (21,400 lb)
Length12.4 m (41 ft)
Diameter1.01 m (3 ft 4 in)
WarheadSingle 500 kt warhead

EngineSingle-stage liquid propellant
800 km (500 mi) (SS-12)
900 km (560 mi) (SS-22)[1]
Accuracy750 m (0.47 mi) CEP (SS-12)
370 m (0.23 mi) CEP (SS-22)[1]
Road-mobile TEL
TransportRoad-mobile TEL

The TR-1 Temp (Russian: Темп-С, Temp-S, meaning "Speed") was a mobile theatre ballistic missile developed and deployed by the Soviet Union during the Cold War. It was assigned the NATO reporting name SS-12 Scaleboard and carried the industrial designation 9M76 and the GRAU index 9К76. A modified version was initially identified by NATO as a new design and given the SS-22 reporting name, but later recognized it as merely a variant of the original and maintained the name Scaleboard. The Temp entered service in the mid-1960s.

The TR-1 was designed as a mobile weapon to give theatre (Front) commanders nuclear strike capability. The weapon used the same mobile launcher (MAZ-543) as the R-17 Scud missile but had an environmental protective cover that split down the middle and was only opened when the missile was ready to fire. All were decommissioned in 1988–1989.[1]


 Soviet Union
The Soviet Armed Forces were the only operator of the TR-1 Temp. It was also placed in countries of Warsaw Pact for example Hranice (39) in Czechoslovakia, and Königsbrück (19), Bischofswerda (8), Waren (22) and Wokuhl (5) in East Germany.[2] Its active reach from there covered whole West Germany, parts of Scandinavia, France and Netherlands.

See also

External links

  • Global Security: TR-1
  • Stationing (INF, memorandum of understanding) (in German)


  1. ^ a b c TR-1 / SS-12 SCALEBOARD. Federation of American Scientists.
  2. ^ "Treaty between the United States of America and the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics on the Elimination of their Intermediate-Range and Shorter-Range Missiles - Memorandum of Understanding". State Department web site. Retrieved November 7, 2013.
  • Hogg, Ian (2000). Twentieth-Century Artillery. Friedman/Fairfax Publishers. ISBN 1-58663-299-X