Thulium(III) chloride

Summary

Thulium(III) chloride or thulium trichloride is as an inorganic salt composed of thulium and chlorine with the formula TmCl3. It forms yellow crystals. Thulium(III) chloride has the YCl3 (AlCl3) layer structure with octahedral thulium ions.[5]

Thulium(III) chloride
Aluminium-trichloride-crystal-3D-balls.png
Names
IUPAC name
Thulium(III) chloride
Other names
Thulium chloride, thulium trichloride
Identifiers
  • 13537-18-3 checkY
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ECHA InfoCard 100.033.535 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 236-904-9
  • 61643
RTECS number
  • XP0525000
UNII
  • 73TYF012WF checkY
  • DTXSID4065529 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/3ClH.Tm/h3*1H;/q;;;+3/p-3
  • Cl[Tm](Cl)Cl
Properties
TmCl3
Molar mass 275.292 g/mol
Appearance yellow crystals
Density 3.98 g/cm3
Melting point 824 °C (1,515 °F; 1,097 K)
Boiling point 1,490 °C (2,710 °F; 1,760 K)
heptahydrate: very soluble
Solubility heptahydrate: very soluble in ethanol[1]
Structure
Monoclinic, mS16
C12/m1, No. 12
6[2]
Thermochemistry
966.6 kJ/mol[3]
Hazards
Occupational safety and health (OHS/OSH):
Main hazards
Irritant
GHS labelling:[4]
GHS07: Exclamation mark
Warning
H315, H319, H335
P261, P264, P271, P280, P302+P352, P304+P340, P305+P351+P338, P312, P332+P313, P337+P313, P362, P403+P233, P405, P501
Related compounds
Other anions
Thulium(III) oxide
Other cations
Erbium(III) chloride
Ytterbium(III) chloride
Thulium(II) chloride
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
☒N verify (what is checkY☒N ?)
Infobox references

ReactionsEdit

The hydrated form of thulium(III) chloride can be obtained by adding thulium(III) oxide to concentrated hydrochloric acid.[1] Thulium(III) chloride reacts with strong bases to make thulium(III) oxide.

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b Spencer, James F. (1919). "The Metals of the Rare Earths". New York: Longmans, Green, and Co: 152. Retrieved 2008-06-27. {{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)
  2. ^ "Chemistry: Periodic Table: Thulium: compound data (thulium (III) chloride)". WebElements. Archived from the original on 2008-12-01. Retrieved 2008-06-27.
  3. ^ Perry, Dale L.; Phillips, Sidney L. (1995). Handbook of Inorganic Compounds. CRC Press. p. 512. ISBN 0-8493-8671-3. Retrieved 2008-06-27.
  4. ^ "Thulium trichloride". pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov.
  5. ^ Wells A.F. (1984) Structural Inorganic Chemistry 5th edition Oxford Science Publications ISBN 0-19-855370-6