Vietnamese military ranks and insignia

Summary

Vietnamese military ranks and insignia were specified by the National Assembly of Vietnam through the Law on Vietnam People's Army Officer (No: 6-LCT/HĐNN7) on 30 December 1981.[1][2]

The Vietnam People's Army distinguishes three careerpaths: Officers (sĩ quan), non-commissioned officers (hạ sĩ quan), and enlisted personnel (chiến sĩ).

Because the shoulder insignia of all ranks are represented by an elongated pentagonal epaulette, they are, hence, either detailed or colour-coded to indicate rank, branch, as well as unit.

The shoulder epaulettes from those of enlisted soldiers to field officers are detailed with a silver crest with an encircled silver star. Those of generals and admirals have fully golden epaulettes with corresponding golden crests and encircled stars.

Ranks can show information about branches of military personnel.

The branch colours that form the piping of the shoulder boards are as follows:

  • Army (ground forces): red
  • Navy: dark blue/navy blue
  • Air Force/ Air defence: azure
  • Border Defence: green
  • Coast Guard: blue

The shoulder insignia ranks are in gold shoulder boards in the Ground Forces, Air Force and Navy.

Border Defense Force's ranks are in dark green shoulder boards with red piping. Coast Guard rank and rating insignia are in blue with gold piping.

Table of ranks

Officers

The following are rank insignia of commissioned officers of the People's Army.

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
 Vietnam People's Ground Force[3]
Vietnam People's Army General.jpg Vietnam People's Army Colonel General.jpg Vietnam People's Army Lieutenant General.jpg Vietnam People's Army Major General.jpg Vietnam People's Army Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Army Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Army Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Army Major.jpg Vietnam People's Army Captain.jpg Vietnam People's Army Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Army Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Army SubLieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Army student officer.jpg
Đại tướng Thượng tướng Trung tướng Thiếu tướng Đại tá Thượng tá Trung tá Thiếu tá Đại úy Thượng úy Trung úy Thiếu úy Học viên Sĩ quan


 Vietnam People's Navy[3]
Vietnam People's Navy Admiral.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Vice Admiral.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Rear Admiral.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Commodorel.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Senior Commander.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Commander.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Lieutenant Commander.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Navy SubLieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Navy Ensign.jpg Vietnam People's Navy student officer.jpg
Đô đốc Phó Đô đốc Chuẩn Đô đốc Đại tá Thượng tá Trung tá Thiếu tá Đại úy Thượng úy Trung úy Thiếu úy Học viên Sĩ quan


 Vietnam People's Air Force[3]
Vietnam People's Air Force Colonel General.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant General.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Major General.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Major.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Captain.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force SubLieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force student officer.jpg
Thượng tướng Trung tướng Thiếu tướng Đại tá Thượng tá Trung tá Thiếu tá Đại úy Thượng úy Trung úy Thiếu úy Học viên Sĩ quan


Vietnam Border Guard[3]
Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel General.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Major General.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Colonel.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Major.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Captain.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force SubLieutenant.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force student officer.jpg
Trung tướng Thiếu tướng Đại tá Thượng tá Trung tá Thiếu tá Đại úy Thượng úy Trung úy Thiếu úy Học viên Sĩ quan


Vietnam Coast Guard[3]
Vietnam Marine Police Lieutenant General.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Major General.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Colonel.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Senior Colonel.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Lieutenant Colonel.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Major.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Captain.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Senior Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Lieutenant.jpg Vietnam Marine Police SubLieutenant.jpg Vietnam People's Navy student officer.jpg
Trung tướng Thiếu tướng Đại tá Thượng tá Trung tá Thiếu tá Đại úy Thượng úy Trung úy Thiếu úy Học viên Sĩ quan


Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet

Warrant officers

The following are the insignia for warrant officers for the army, navy, air force, border guard and coast guard respectively.

Rank insignia used by warrant officers since 2008 have a pink silk line running along the shoulder board (before 2008 it was a V-shaped chevron) to distinguish them from the officer corps.

Equivalent
NATO rank
WO-5 WO-4 WO-3 WO-2 WO-1
 Vietnam People's Ground Force
Vietnam People Army WO-5.png Vietnam People Army WO-4.png Vietnam People Army WO-3.png Vietnam People Army WO-2b.png Vietnam People Army WO-2a.png Vietnam People Army WO-1b.png Vietnam People Army WO-1a.png
Chief
warrant officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)
Senior
warrant officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Master
warrant officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
First
warrant officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Second
warrant officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
Third
warrant officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Fourth
warrant officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)


 Vietnam People's Navy
Vietnam People's Navy WO-4.png
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)


 Vietnam People's Air Force
Vietnam People Air Force WO-5.png Vietnam People Air Force WO-4.png Vietnam People Air Force WO-3.png Vietnam People Air Force WO-2b.png Vietnam People Air Force WO-2a.png Vietnam People Air Force WO-1b.png Vietnam People Air Force WO-1a.png
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)


Vietnam Border Guard
Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg Blank.svg
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)


Vietnam Coast Guard
Chief
Warrant Officer

(Thượng tá QNCN)
Senior
Warrant Officer

(Trung tá QNCN)
Master
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu tá QNCN)
First
Warrant Officer

(Đại úy QNCN)
Second
Warrant Officer

(Thượng úy QNCN)
Third
Warrant Officer

(Trung úy QNCN)
Fourth
Warrant Officer

(Thiếu úy QNCN)
Equivalent
NATO rank
WO-5 WO-4 WO-3 WO-2 WO-1

Enlisted

The following are the rank insignia of non-commissioned officers and enlisted personnel.

Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
 Vietnam People's Ground Force[3]
Vietnam-Army-OR-9.svg Vietnam-Army-OR-5.svg Vietnam-Army-OR-4.svg Vietnam-Army-OR-2.svg Vietnam-Army-OR-1.svg
Thượng sĩ Trung sĩ Hạ sĩ Binh nhất Binh nhì


 Vietnam People's Navy[3]
Vietnam People's Navy Sergeant major.png Vietnam People's Navy Sergeant.png Vietnam People's Navy Corporal.png Vietnam People's Navy private first class.png Vietnam People's Navy Private second class.png
Thượng sĩ Trung sĩ Hạ sĩ Binh nhất Binh nhì


 Vietnam People's Air Force[3]
Vietnam People's Air Force Sergeant major.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Sergeant.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Corporal.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force First Private.jpg Vietnam People's Air Force Second Private.jpg
Thượng sĩ Trung sĩ Hạ sĩ Binh nhất Binh nhì


Vietnam Border Guard[3]
Vietnam Border Defense Force Sergeant major.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Sergeant.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Corporal.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force First Private.jpg Vietnam Border Defense Force Second Private.jpg
Thượng sĩ Trung sĩ Hạ sĩ Binh nhất Binh nhì


Vietnam Coast Guard[3]
Vietnam Marine Police Sergeant major.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Sergeant.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Corporal.jpg Vietnam Marine Police First Private.jpg Vietnam Marine Police Second Private.jpg
Thượng sĩ Trung sĩ Hạ sĩ Binh nhất Binh nhì
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted

Lapels

Level Ground Forces Air Force Navy Border Defence Coast Guard Cyberspace Operations Mausoleum Defence
Vietnam People's Army insignia.png
Vietnam People's Air Force insignia.png
Vietnam People's Navy insignia.png
Vietnam Border Defense Force.png
Vietnam Coast Guard.png
Vietnam Cyberspace Operation.png
VietNam Defend Mausoleum Ho Chi Minh President.png
Vietnam People's Army Vector.png
Vietnam People's Air Force Vector.png
Vietnam People's Navy Vector.png
Vietnam Border Defense Force Vector.png
Vietnam Coast Guard Vector.png
Vietnam Cyberspace Operation Vector.png
VietNam Defend Mausoleum Ho Chi Minh Vector.png
General Officers
Vietnam People's Army general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam People's Air Force general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam People's Navy general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam Border Defense Force general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam Marine Police general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam People's Army general rank lapel.jpg
Vietnam People's Army general rank lapel.jpg
Field Grade Officers
Company Grade Officers
Vietnam People's Navy Army Captain rank lapel.png
Vietnam People's Air Force Captain rank lapel.png
Vietnam People's Navy Commander rank lapel.png
Vietnam Border Defense Force rank lapel.png
Vietnam Marine Police Captain rank lapel.png
Vietnam People's Navy Army Captain rank lapel.png
Vietnam People's Navy Army Captain rank lapel.png

Historical ranks

Rank group General/flag officers Field/senior officers Junior officers Officer cadet
 Vietnam People's Ground Force
(1946-1958)
DaituongVNDCCH.gif TrungtuongVNDCCH.gif ThieutuongVNDCCH.gif DaitaVNDCCH.gif TrungtaVNDCCH.gif ThieutaVNDCCH.gif DaiuyVNDCCH.gif TrunguyVNDCCH.gif ThieuuyVNDCCH.gif ChuanuyVNDCCH.gif
Colonel general
Đại tướng
Lieutenant general
Trung tướng
Major general
Thiếu tướng
Colonel
Đại tá
Lieutenant colonel
Trung tá
Major
Thiếu tá
Captain
Đại úy
Lieutenant
Trung úy
Junior lieutenant
Thiếu úy
Officer cadet
Học viên Sĩ quan
 Vietnam People's Ground Force
(1960-1992)
Đại tướng (PAVN OF-10 collar 1960).gif Thượng tướng (PAVN OF-9 collar 1960).gif Trung tướng (PAVN OF-8 collar 1960).gif Thiếu tướng (PAVN OF-7 collar 1960).gif Đại tá (PAVN OF-6 collar 1960).gif Thượng tá (PAVN OF-5 collar 1960).gif Trung tá (PAVN OF-4 collar 1960).gif Thiếu tá (PAVN OF-3 collar 1960).gif Đại úy (PAVN OF-2A collar 1960).gif Thượng úy (PAVN OF-2 collar 1960).gif Trung úy (PAVN OF-1A collar 1960).gif Thiếu úy (PAVN OF-1B collar 1960).gif Học viên (PAVN OF-D collar 1960).gif
Army general
Đại tướng
Colonel general
Thượng tướng
Lieutenant general
Trung tướng
Major general
Thiếu tướng
Senior colonel
Đại tá
Colonel
Thượng tá
Lieutenant colonel
Trung tá
Major
Thiếu tá
Captain
Đại úy
Senior lieutenant
Thượng úy
Lieutenant
Trung úy
Junior lieutenant
Thiếu úy
Officer cadet
Học viên Sĩ quan
Rank group Senior NCOs Junior NCOs Enlisted
 Vietnam People's Ground Force
(1960-1992)
Thượng sĩ (PAVN OR-6 collar 1960).gif Trung sĩ (PAVN OR-5 collar 1960).gif Hạ sĩ (PAVN OR-4 collar 1960).gif Binh nhất (PAVN OR-3 collar 1960).gif Binh nhì (PAVN OR-2 collar 1960).gif
Sergeant Major
Thượng sĩ
Sergeant
Trung sĩ
Corporal
Hạ sĩ
Private First Class
Binh nhất
Private
Binh nhì

See also

References

  1. ^ "LUẬT - Sĩ quan quân đội nhân dân Việt Nam". Archived from the original on 3 February 2014.
  2. ^ http://www.vanbanphapluat.com/danh-muc-van-ban-phap-luat.html?view=doc&id=83282[permanent dead link]
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j "Quy định quân hiệu, cấp hiệu, phù hiệu và lễ phục của Quân đội nhân dân Việt Nam". mod.gov.vn. Ministry of Defence (Vietnam). 26 August 2009. Retrieved 30 May 2021.

External links

  • (Vietnamese military and police ranks)