Warwickshire (/ˈwɒrɪkʃər, -ʃɪər/ ; abbreviated Warks) is a ceremonial county in the West Midlands of England. It is bordered by Staffordshire and Leicestershire to the north, Northamptonshire to the east, Oxfordshire and Gloucestershire to the south, and Worcestershire and the West Midlands county to the west. The largest settlement is Nuneaton and the county town is Warwick.


Ceremonial Warwickshire within England

Historic Warwickshire in the British Isles
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Constituent countryEngland
RegionWest Midlands
Time zoneUTC+0 (GMT)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+1 (BST)
UK Parliament6 MPs
Largest townNuneaton (ceremonial) Birmingham (historic)
Ceremonial county
Lord LieutenantTimothy Cox
High SheriffSophie Elizabeth Hilleary[1] (2023–24)
Area1,975 km2 (763 sq mi)
 • Rank31st of 48
 • Rank39th of 48
Density308/km2 (800/sq mi)
92.8% White
4.6% Asian
1.5% Mixed
0.8% Black
0.4% Other[3]
Non-metropolitan county
County councilWarwickshire County Council
Admin HQWarwick
Area1,975 km2 (763 sq mi)
 • Rank17th of 21
 • Rank20th of 21
Density308/km2 (800/sq mi)
ISO 3166-2GB-WAR
GSS codeE10000031

Districts of Warwickshire
  1. North Warwickshire
  2. Nuneaton and Bedworth
  3. Rugby
  4. Stratford-on-Avon
  5. Warwick

The county is largely rural; it has an area of 763 sq mi (1,980 km2) and a population of 571,010. After Nuneaton (88,813), the largest settlements are Rugby (78,125), Leamington Spa (50,923), Warwick (37,267), Bedworth (31,090) and Stratford-upon-Avon (30,495). For local government purposes, Warwickshire is a non-metropolitan county with five districts. The county historically included the city of Coventry and the area to its west, including Sutton Coldfield, Solihull and a significant part of Birmingham, including the city centre.

Warwickshire is a flat, lowland county, but its far south contains part of the Cotswolds AONB. The River Avon, a major tributary of the Severn, flows through the south of the county.

The region was part of Roman Britain and later the Roman road called Watling Street became the boundary between the Anglo-Saxon kingdom of Mercia and the Danelaw. The county was relatively settled during the rest of the Middle Ages and Early Modern period; Coventry developed as a major centre of the textiles trade. The playwright William Shakespeare was born in Stratford-upon-Avon in 1564, living much of his life there, and the Gunpowder Plot of 1605 was planned near Snitterfield. During the Industrial Revolution, the Warwickshire coalfield was exploited and Coventry and the west of the county became manufacturing centres; Leamington Spa developed as a tourist resort at the same time. The Victorian novelist Mary Ann Evans, better known as George Eliot, was born just outside Nuneaton in 1819.



Warwickshire is bordered by Leicestershire to the northeast, Staffordshire to the northwest, Worcestershire and the West Midlands to the west, Northamptonshire to the east and southeast, Gloucestershire to the southwest and Oxfordshire to the south. The northern tip of the county is only 3 miles (5 km) from the Derbyshire border. An average-sized English county covering an area of 1,975 km2 (760 sq mi),[5] it runs some 56 miles (90 km) north to south.

The majority of Warwickshire's population live in the north and centre of the county.[6] The market towns of northern and eastern Warwickshire were industrialised in the 19th century, and include Atherstone, Bedworth, Coleshill, Nuneaton, and Rugby. Major industries included coal mining, textiles, engineering and cement production, but heavy industry is in decline, being replaced by distribution centres, light to medium industry and services. Of the northern and eastern towns, Nuneaton and Rugby (as the birthplace of rugby football) are best known outside of Warwickshire. The prosperous towns of central and western Warwickshire, including Leamington Spa, Warwick, Stratford-upon-Avon, Kenilworth, Alcester, Southam and Wellesbourne, harbour tourism, gaming and services as major employment sectors.

The north of the county, bordering Staffordshire and Leicestershire, is mildly undulating countryside (rising to 178m / 581 ft near Hartshill) and the northernmost village, No Man's Heath, is only 34 miles (55 km) south of the Peak District National Park's southernmost point.

The south of the county is largely rural and sparsely populated, and includes a very small area of the Cotswolds, at the border with northeast Gloucestershire. The plain between the outlying Cotswolds and the Edgehill escarpment is known as the Vale of Red Horse.[7] The only town in the south of Warwickshire is Shipston-on-Stour. The highest point in the county, at 261 m (856 ft), is Ebrington Hill, again on the border with Gloucestershire, grid reference SP187426 at the county's southwest extremity.[8][9]

There are no cities in Warwickshire since both Coventry and Birmingham were incorporated into the West Midlands county in 1974 and are now metropolitan authorities in themselves. According to the 2011 United Kingdom census, the largest towns (+20,000 pop.) in Warwickshire were: Nuneaton (pop. 81,900), Rugby (70,600), Leamington Spa (49,500), Bedworth (32,500), Warwick (30,100), Stratford (25,500) and Kenilworth (22,400)[10]

Arden and Felden


Much of western Warwickshire, including the area now forming part of Coventry, Solihull and Birmingham, was covered by the ancient Forest of Arden[11] (most of which was cut down to provide fuel for industrialisation). Thus the names of a number of places in the central-western part of Warwickshire end with the phrase "-in-Arden", such as Henley-in-Arden, Hampton-in-Arden and Tanworth-in-Arden. The remaining area, not part of the forest, was called the Felden – from fielden - and is now an undulating and agricultural landscape, through which the rivers Avon and Leam flow.[12]

Historic county boundaries


Areas historically part of Warwickshire include Coventry, Solihull, Sutton Coldfield, and some of Birmingham including the city centre, Aston, Castle Bromwich, Digbeth, Edgbaston, Erdington, Hodge Hill, Ladywood, Nechells, Saltley, Shard End, Sheldon, Small Heath and Sparkbrook. These areas also became part of the metropolitan county of West Midlands (and Sutton Coldfield became part of Birmingham) following local government re-organisation in 1974.

The flag of the historic county of Warwickshire

In 1986 the West Midlands County Council was abolished and Birmingham, Coventry, and Solihull became effective unitary authorities. However, the West Midlands county name has not been altogether abolished, and still exists for ceremonial purposes. Since 2016, it has been used as part of the West Midlands Combined Authority, with powers over transport, economic development and regeneration. Some organisations, such as Warwickshire County Cricket Club, which is based in Edgbaston, in Birmingham, observe the historic county boundaries.[13]

The flag of the historic county was registered in October 2016. It is a design of a bear and ragged staff on a red field, which is long associated with the county.[14][15]

Coventry is effectively in the centre of the Warwickshire area, and still has strong ties with the county. Coventry and Warwickshire are sometimes treated as a single area and share a single Chamber of Commerce, Local Enterprise Partnership and BBC Local Radio Station (BBC Coventry & Warwickshire).

Coventry was administered separately from the rest of Warwickshire between 1451 and 1842. It formed the County of the City of Coventry, a county corporate from 1451. In 1842 the county corporate of Coventry was abolished and remerged with the rest of Warwickshire.

The town of Tamworth was historically divided between Warwickshire and Staffordshire, but since 1888 has been fully in Staffordshire.

Green belt


Warwickshire contains a large expanse of green belt area, surrounding the West Midlands and Coventry conurbations, and was first drawn up from the 1950s.[clarification needed] All the county's districts contain some portion of the belt.

Places of interest

Warwick Castle
Chesterton Windmill



Warwickshire has a strong and growing economy with the automotive industry being a major contributor. In the north, BMW's Hams Hall plant employs over 1,000 people,[16] while Jaguar Land Rover and Aston Martin Lagonda have headquarters, including a giant advanced production creation centre,[17] at Gaydon in the south.

Warwickshire is also establishing a growing reputation as a global hub of the video game industry.[18] One of Britain's oldest still-running game studios, Codemasters, has operated out of Southam for decades; the greater "Silicon Spa"[19] area, including Southam, Royal Leamington Spa and Warwick, is now home to dozens of game studios which employ a combined total of over 2,000 highly skilled people, equating to more than 10% of the UK's games development workforce.[20]

Increasingly the region is establishing itself as one of the leading areas in battery technology with major developments announced in 2021 that include a £130 million UK Battery Industrialisation Centre (UKBIC)[21] based in Coventry.

Tourism is also a key area of employment with country parks, rural areas and historic towns across the county. It generates a total business turnover of over £1 billion to the local economy and supports almost 20,000 jobs.[22]




Warwickshire in 1832
Kenilworth Castle

Warwickshire came into being as a division of the kingdom of Mercia in the early 11th century. The first reference to Warwickshire was in 1001, as Wæringscīr, named after Warwick. The prefix wara- is the genitive plural of the Old English noun waru, which means "those that care for, watch, guard, protect, or defend". It was used as an endonym by both Goths[a] and Jutes.[b] The suffix -wick is an Old English cognate (-wic) for the Latin word for village, vicus. Near Warwick are the villages of Long Itchington and Bishop's Itchington along the River Itchen.[c]

During the Middle Ages Warwickshire was dominated by Coventry, at the time one of the most important cities in England because of its prominence in the textiles trade. Warwickshire played a key part in the English Civil War, with the Battle of Edgehill and other skirmishes taking place in the county. During the Industrial Revolution Warwickshire became one of Britain's foremost industrial counties, with the large industrial cities of Birmingham and Coventry within its boundaries.

Boundary changes

Collegiate Church of St Mary, Warwick from Church Street

Local government

The coat of arms of Warwickshire County Council

Like most English shire counties, Warwickshire has a two-tier local government of a county council, and five districts each having a district or borough council. These districts are: North Warwickshire, Nuneaton and Bedworth, Rugby, Stratford, and Warwick (see map). The county and district councils are responsible for providing different services.

Atherstone is the headquarters of the North Warwickshire district, Nuneaton is headquarters of the Nuneaton and Bedworth District and Leamington Spa is the headquarters of the Warwick district.

Warwickshire County Council, based in Warwick is elected every four years. The last election was the held on 6 May 2021 and resulted in a Conservative majority. The county council operates a cabinet-style council. The county council is made of 57 councillors, who decide upon the budget and appoints the council leader. The council leader selects 8 councillors and together they form the cabinet. The Leader assigns portfolios on which cabinet members make decisions. Key decisions are made by the whole cabinet while others are made only by the portfolio holders for relevant areas.[24]

In addition many small towns and villages have their own town council or parish council as the most local tier of local government.

Warwickshire is policed by the Warwickshire Police. The force is governed by the elected Warwickshire Police and Crime Commissioner.

Proposed local government reorganisation


In August 2020 Warwickshire County Council put forward proposals for the five district and borough councils in the county to be abolished and replaced with a single county-wide unitary authority.[25] This prompted a backlash from the district and borough councils who commissioned their own report, which argued in favour of Warwickshire being split into two unitary authorities, one for the north of the county, covering the current districts of North Warwickshire, Nuneaton and Bedworth and Rugby, and one for the south of the county, covering Warwick and Stratford districts.[26] In September 2020, it was agreed that both proposals would be sent for consideration to the Secretary of State for Housing, Communities and Local Government.[27]



In the state sector, children start school in the school year in which they turn five. They stay at primary school for seven years (although this varies even within the county, as some people have previously gone for four years and then spent another four years at a 'middle school') until they are eleven. Warwickshire is one of 36 local authorities in England to still maintain the grammar school system in two districts: Stratford-on-Avon and Rugby. In the final year of primary school, children are given the opportunity of sitting the 11-plus exam to compete for a place at one of the 5 grammar schools: Stratford-upon-Avon Grammar School for Girls; King Edward VI School, a boys' school from year 7–11 with a mixed Sixth-Form; Lawrence Sheriff Grammar School for Boys; Rugby High School for Girls and Alcester Grammar School (mixed). The Warwickshire 11+ selection test consists of two papers, each containing a mixture of verbal reasoning, numerical reasoning and non-verbal reasoning multiple-choice questions.[28]

Warwickshire contains four colleges of further education: North Warwickshire & Hinckley College, King Edward VI Sixth Form College (K.E.G.S) in Nuneaton, Stratford-upon-Avon College and the Warwickshire College Group an institution made up of six main separate colleges that have merged (Leamington Centre, Rugby Centre, Moreton Morrell Centre, Pershore College, Henley-in-Arden Centre and the Trident Centre in Warwick).

There are also six independent senior schools within the county, namely: Rugby School, Warwick School, Princethorpe College, Kingsley School, Arnold Lodge School (both in Leamington Spa), and the King's High School For Girls (in Warwick).

A number of the Warwickshire grammar and independent schools have historical significance. King Edward VI School, Stratford-upon-Avon still uses 13th century school buildings and is the likely school of William Shakespeare, Rugby School was founded in 1567 and Warwick School was founded c. 914 AD, which makes it the oldest surviving boys' school in the country. Rugby School is one of nine schools that were defined as the "great" English public schools by the Public Schools Act 1868, and is a member of the Rugby Group. Rugby School, Princethorpe College and Warwick School are HMC schools, with the Headmaster from each school attending the Headmasters' and Headmistresses' Conference.

There are no universities per se in Warwickshire, though the University of Warwick forms part of the border with Warwickshire on the southern edge of the city of Coventry. Some areas of the University of Warwick are within the boundaries of Warwickshire including Lakeside Village and Warwick Business School[29] The university has a small campus near Wellesbourne which houses the Warwick Horticultural Research Centre and an Innovation Centre.[30]





Several major motorways run through Warwickshire; these are:

  • The M40 motorway, which connects London to Birmingham, runs through the centre of the county; it serves Leamington Spa, Warwick and Stratford.
  • The M6 motorway, which connects North West England and the West Midlands to the M1 motorway (and then on to London), runs through the north of Warwickshire; it serves Rugby, Nuneaton and Bedworth on its way to Birmingham.
  • The M69 Coventry to Leicester motorway serves Nuneaton.
  • Other motorways pass briefly through Warwickshire including the M45 (a short spur south of Rugby connecting to the M1), the southern end of the M6 Toll and the M42; it passes through the county at several points.

Other major trunk routes in Warwickshire include:

  • A45 takes a route through Birmingham, Coventry and Rugby, then east into Northamptonshire
  • A46 connects the M40 to the M6 via Warwick, Kenilworth and Coventry
  • A452 Leamington to Birmingham route
  • A5 passes through Atherstone and then east of Nuneaton, and then east of Rugby, it marks the county boundary with Leicestershire.
  • A444 goes through Nuneaton and Bedworth.


The West Coast Main Line at Rugby

Main line routes


Two main railway lines pass through Warwickshire:

Other lines


Other railway lines in Warwickshire include:

Between 1965 and 2018, the only major town in Warwickshire without a station was Kenilworth. The Leamington to Coventry line passes through the town, but the station was closed as part of the Beeching cuts. Kenilworth railway station was rebuilt and opened in April 2018,[31] with an hourly service to Coventry and to Leamington provided by West Midlands Trains.

High Speed 2

HS2 construction near Leamington Spa in August 2021

The new High Speed 2 (HS2) line is a long-distance route that is being constructed through Warwickshire; however, there will be no stations in the county. It will pass south of Southam, then between Kenilworth and Coventry, before running into the West Midlands towards Birmingham.[32]



Coventry Airport is located in the Warwickshire village of Baginton.

Canals and waterways

The Oxford Canal at Napton-on-the-Hill

Canals and navigable waterways in Warwickshire include:

  • The Coventry Canal, which runs through the north of the county from Coventry through Bedworth, Nuneaton, Atherstone and Polesworth, and then onwards to Tamworth.
  • The Ashby-de-la-Zouch Canal passes briefly through Warwickshire from a junction with the Coventry Canal at Bedworth.
  • The Oxford Canal runs from near Coventry, then eastwards around Rugby and through the rural south of the county towards Oxford.
  • The Grand Union Canal runs through Leamington and Warwick, then onwards to Birmingham.
    • The restored Saltisford Canal Arm is close to the centre of Warwick and is now a short branch of the Grand Union Canal. The arm is the remains of the original terminus of the Warwick and Birmingham Canal; it dates back to 1799.
  • The Stratford-upon-Avon Canal runs from the Grand Union west of Warwick to Stratford, where it joins the Avon.
  • The River Avon runs through Warwickshire on a south-west to north-east axis, running through Stratford, Warwick and Rugby. It is navigable for 47 miles (76 km) from the River Severn at Tewkesbury to Alveston weir just east of Stratford-upon-Avon, making it the only navigable river in Warwickshire.[33] There have been proposals to extend the Avon navigation 13 miles (21 km) to Warwick.[34] However, as of 2019, these plans look unlikely to proceed.[35]





The county is covered by BBC West Midlands and ITV Central from its studios in Birmingham. Television signals are received from either the Lark Stoke or Sutton Coldfield TV transmitters.[36][37]



BBC Local Radio for the county is served by BBC CWR which broadcast from its studios in Coventry. However, the North Warwickshire area is served by BBC Radio WM. County-wide commercial radio stations are Capital Mid-Counties, Free Radio Coventry & Warwickshire, Fresh (Coventry & Warwickshire), Heart West Midlands and Greatest Hits Radio Midlands.





Warwickshire's rural roads, canal towpaths and historic towns are increasingly popular with cycling enthusiasts.[38] Its reputation as a major cycling destination has been bolstered in recent years having hosted a stage of the Women's Tour since 2016[39] and the Men's Tour of Britain in 2018 and 2019.[40]

In 2022, St Nicholas Park in Warwick hosted the Elite Men's and Women's Road Race as part of the Commonwealth Games that took place in Birmingham.[41]

Association football


Warwickshire has no Football League clubs. As of the 2022–23 season, the highest-placed team is Leamington, who play in the National League North, the sixth tier of English football. A level below, in the Southern Football League Premier Division Central, are Nuneaton Borough and Stratford Town. Other clubs include Rugby Town, Bedworth United, Southam United, Racing Club Warwick, Coleshill Town, Atherstone Town and Nuneaton Griff; all of these are affiliated to the Birmingham FA.

Aston Villa, an English Premier League team, and Football League clubs Birmingham City and Coventry City are located within the historic boundaries of Warwickshire; National League club Solihull Moors and Southern League Division One Central club Sutton Coldfield Town are also sited in this area.



There are six Saturday morning 5km parkruns in Warwickshire for all ages and abilities: Leamington, Stratford upon Avon, Rugby, Bedworth, Southam and Kingsbury. There are also three Sunday 2km junior events at Stratford upon Avon, Rugby and Warwick.[42]



Warwickshire County Cricket Club play at Edgbaston Cricket Ground, Birmingham, which was historically part of Warwickshire. Notable English players for the side have been Eric Hollies, M.J.K. Smith, Bob Willis, Dennis Amiss, Jonathan Trott, Ian Bell, Moeen Ali and Chris Woakes. Overseas players have included Alvin Kallicharran, Rohan Kanhai, Brian Lara, Allan Donald and Shaun Pollock. In 2014, the club partly severed its links to the county by renaming its Twenty20 side the Birmingham Bears, much to the chagrin of many supporters.[43]

Other grounds in modern-day Warwickshire which have hosted first-class cricket matches are:

Gaelic sports


The Warwickshire County Board of the Gaelic Athletic Association (GAA) (or Warwickshire GAA) is one of the county boards outside Ireland and is responsible for Gaelic games in Warwickshire. The county board is also responsible for the Warwickshire inter-county teams. They play their home games at Páirc na hÉireann.



The Dallas Burston Polo Club is a six-pitch polo club located near Southam.

Water polo


Warwick Water Polo club play in the Midland League, and train in Warwick, Banbury and Coventry.[44]

Freedom of the county


In March 2014 the freedom of the county was bestowed on the Royal Regiment of Fusiliers. The honour was officially bestowed following a parade through Warwick on 6 June 2014.[45]



Warwickshire was the birthplace of William Shakespeare from Stratford-upon-Avon. Road signs at the county boundary describe Warwickshire as "Shakespeare's County". The county has produced figures such as Aleister Crowley (from Royal Leamington Spa), George Eliot and Ken Loach (from Nuneaton), Rupert Brooke (from Rugby), and Michael Drayton (from Hartshill). The poet Philip Larkin lived in Warwick (born in nearby Coventry). Folk musician Nick Drake lived and died in Tanworth-in-Arden. Frank Whittle the inventor of the jet engine was born in Coventry and was closely associated with Warwickshire, growing up in Leamington Spa, and carrying out much of his work at Rugby.[46][47]

See also



  1. ^ Warmia and Warsaw.
  2. ^ Meonwara.
  3. ^ Itchen derives from Ytene, the genitive plural of Yte the exonym of "Jute", i.e. "of the Jutes".[23] Various place-names identify locations as Jutish. These include Bishopstoke (Ytingstoc), the River Itchen (Ytene) and the Meon Valley (Ytedene).


  1. ^ "Warwickshire 2023/2024". High Sheriffs' Association of England and Wales. Retrieved 17 February 2024.
  2. ^ "Mid-2022 population estimates by Lieutenancy areas (as at 1997) for England and Wales". Office for National Statistics. 24 June 2024. Retrieved 26 June 2024.
  3. ^ "2011 Census: Key Statistics for local authorities in England and Wales" (XLS). Ons.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 24 February 2016. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  4. ^ "Mid-Year Population Estimates, UK, June 2022". Office for National Statistics. 26 March 2024. Retrieved 3 May 2024.
  5. ^ "Warwickshire | county, England, United Kingdom". Encyclopedia Britannica. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  6. ^ Plumplot. "Warwickshire population stats in maps and graphs". www.plumplot.co.uk. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  7. ^ Proceedings of the Cotteswold Naturalists' Field Club, v.14, (1903), p.217
  8. ^ Muir, Jonny (2011). The UK's County Tops: Reaching the top of 91 historic counties. Cicerone. ISBN 9781849655538.
  9. ^ Bathurst, David (2012). Walking the county high points of England. Chichester: Summersdale. pp. 98–104. ISBN 978-1-84-953239-6.
  10. ^ "2011 Census – Office for National Statistics". www.ons.gov.uk. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  11. ^ "Where was Shakespeare's Forest of Arden?". National Trust. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  12. ^ www.abcounties.com (22 April 2021). "Warwickshire Day – 23rd April". Association of British Counties. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  13. ^ "Warwickshire County Cricket Club". Our Warwickshire. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  14. ^ "UK Flag Registry- Warwickshire". Flag Institute. 2016. Archived from the original on 7 November 2017. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  15. ^ "British County Flags – Warwickshire". British County Flags. 2016. Archived from the original on 14 October 2016. Retrieved 27 September 2016.
  16. ^ "Careers". www.bmwgroup-werke.com. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  17. ^ "Jaguar Land Rover opens giant Advanced Production Creation Centre". Autocar. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  18. ^ Kersley, Andrew. "How a small town in the Midlands became a gaming powerhouse". Wired UK. ISSN 1357-0978. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  19. ^ "Leamington Spa: At the heart of the UK games industry". MCV/DEVELOP. 13 January 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  20. ^ "home | Silicon Spa – Leamington Spa Gaming Cluster". backspaceuk.com. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  21. ^ "Background". UKBIC. Archived from the original on 11 June 2021. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  22. ^ "Tourism in South Warwickshire | Stratford-on-Avon District Council". www.stratford.gov.uk. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  23. ^ Stenton, F. M. (1971). Anglo-Saxon England (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. p. 23. ISBN 978-0-19-280139-5.
  24. ^ "How the County Council makes decisions". Warwickshire County Council. Archived from the original on 11 April 2010. Retrieved 5 May 2010.
  25. ^ "Local councils in Warwickshire could be scrapped". Coventry Telegraph. 23 August 2020. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  26. ^ "Warwickshire could be split into north and south councils". Rugby Advertiser. 21 September 2020. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  27. ^ "After a seven-hour long meeting, councillors decide on the next step for the future of local councils in Warwickshire". Rugby Advertiser. 22 September 2020. Retrieved 26 September 2020.
  28. ^ Tuckwell, Paul. "About the 11+ test". Warwickshire County Council. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  29. ^ "Taxis to and from campus | University of Warwick". warwick.ac.uk.
  30. ^ "Wellesbourne Innovation Campus". warwick.ac.uk. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  31. ^ "Kenilworth gets its first train service in more than half a century as new station opens | West Midlands Rail Executive". www.wmre.org.uk. Archived from the original on 11 June 2021. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  32. ^ "The route of Phase 1 of the HS2 using an Ordnance Survey map". TheHS2. Retrieved 2 February 2023.
  33. ^ "Avon Navigation Trust". Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  34. ^ "Plans to restore River Avon boat route to Warwick". BBC News. 11 July 2014. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  35. ^ "Avon Navigation Scheme fails to win district council support". Stratford-upon-Avon Herald. 11 February 2019. Retrieved 31 August 2021.
  36. ^ "Full Freeview on the Lark Stoke (Gloucestershire, England) transmitter". UK Free TV. 1 May 2004. Retrieved 16 February 2024.
  37. ^ "Sutton Coldfield (Birmingham, England) Full Freeview transmitter". UK Free TV. 1 May 2004. Retrieved 16 February 2024.
  38. ^ "Cycling in Warwickshire | Cycling UK". www.cyclinguk.org. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  39. ^ "Stage Three". The Women's Tour. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  40. ^ "Warwick Racecourse hosts OVO Energy Tour of Britain in September". Tour of Britain. 13 August 2019. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  41. ^ "Warwick's St Nicholas Park to host start and finish of cycling road race at 2022 Commonwealth Games". Stratford Herald. 29 September 2020. Retrieved 11 June 2021.
  42. ^ "Find a Parkrun: Warwickshire". findarace Ltd. Retrieved 11 April 2022.
  43. ^ Brian Halford (25 February 2014). "Warwickshire's T20 'Birmingham Bears' name is confirmed". Birmingham Mail. Archived from the original on 9 January 2018. Retrieved 19 July 2017.
  44. ^ "Home page". Warwick Water Polo Club. Retrieved 8 February 2022.
  45. ^ "Royal Fusiliers honoured with Freedom of Warwickshire". BBC News. BBC. 28 March 2014. Archived from the original on 28 March 2014. Retrieved 29 March 2014.
  46. ^ "Sir Frank Whittle, Inventor of the Jet Engine". Our Warwickshire. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
  47. ^ "Frank Whittle (1907–1996)". History. BBC. Retrieved 14 June 2021.
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