Weinheim (German: [ˈvaɪnhaɪm] ; Palatine German: Woinem) is a town with about 43,000 inhabitants in northwest Baden-Württemberg, Germany. It is in the Rhine-Neckar Metropolitan Region, approximately 15 km (9 mi) north of Heidelberg and 10 km (6 mi) northeast of Mannheim. Weinheim is known as the "Zwei-Burgen-Stadt", the "town of two castles", after two fortresses overlooking the town from the edge of the Odenwald in the east.

Panorama of Weinheim from the south-east
Panorama of Weinheim from the south-east
Flag of Weinheim
Coat of arms of Weinheim
Location of Weinheim within Rhein-Neckar-Kreis district
BavariaHesseRhineland-PalatinateHeidelbergHeilbronnHeilbronn (district)Karlsruhe (district)MannheimNeckar-Odenwald-KreisEberbachAltlußheimAngelbachtalBammentalBrühlDielheimDossenheimEberbachEberbachEberbachEdingen-NeckarhausenEdingen-NeckarhausenEpfenbachEppelheimEschelbronnGaibergHeddesbachHeddesheimHeiligkreuzsteinachHelmstadt-BargenHemsbachHirschberg an der BergstraßeHockenheimIlvesheimKetschLadenburgLaudenbachLeimenLeimenLobbachMalschMauerMeckesheimMühlhausenNeckarbischofsheimNeckargemündNeidensteinNeulußheimNußlochOftersheimPlankstadtRauenbergReichartshausenReilingenSandhausenSankt Leon-RotSchönauSchönbrunnSchriesheimSchwetzingenSchwetzingenSinsheimSpechbachWaibstadtWalldorfWeinheimWeinheimWiesenbachWieslochWilhelmsfeldZuzenhausen
Weinheim is located in Germany
Weinheim is located in Baden-Württemberg
Coordinates: 49°33′N 08°40′E / 49.550°N 8.667°E / 49.550; 8.667
Admin. regionKarlsruhe
SubdivisionsTown centre and 10 quarters
 • Lord mayor (2018–26) Manuel Just[1] (Ind.)
 • Total58.11 km2 (22.44 sq mi)
135 m (443 ft)
 • Total45,275
 • Density780/km2 (2,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
Dialling codes06201
Vehicle registrationHD



Weinheim is situated on the Bergstraße theme route on the western rim of the Odenwald. The old town lies in the valley, with the new part of town further to the west. The Market Square is filled with numerous cafes, as well as the old Rathaus (guildhall). Further to the south is the Schlossgarten (Palace Garden) and the Exotenwald (Exotic Forest), which contains species of trees imported from around the world, but mostly from North America and Japan.



Weinheim celebrated its 1250th anniversary in 2005.

The earliest record of Weinheim dates back to 755 CE, when the name "Winenheim" was recorded in the Lorsch codex, the record book of Lorsch Abbey.

In 1000, Emperor Otto III bestowed on Weinheim the right to hold markets, and in 1065 the right to mint and issue coins. A new town developed next to the old town from 1250. In 1308, the old town was transferred to the Electorate of the Palatinate. From 1368 the whole town belonged to the Electorate of the Palatinate, and since the end of the 14th century to the Heidelberg Oberamt district. With the transfer to Baden in 1803, Weinheim became the seat of its own Amt, which was unified with Landkreis Mannheim in 1936. From 1938 onwards Weinheim belonged to Landkreis Mannheim until January 1, 1973, when the Rhein-Neckar-Kreis was formed.

A Jewish community in Weinheim is first recorded in 1228. There were persecutions in Weinheim in 1298 (Rintfleisch massacres) and 1348–49 (Black Death persecutions). The Jews were expelled from Weinheim in 1391. The Weinheim Jewish community began to grow again in the Thirty Years' War. There was a synagogue, a beth midrash, and a mikveh, and, in the 19th century, a school for boys and a teacher-training college. The synagogue was destroyed in the Kristallnacht (9–10 November 1938) and the last few Jews sent to Gurs on 22 October 1940.[3]

Local attractions

Lebanon Cedar in Schlosspark



Weinheim's town museum occupies what used to be the local headquarters of the Teutonic Order and holds exhibits about Weinheim and its surroundings: archaeology from the prehistoric through to the Merovingian dynasty, the highlight of which is the Nächstenbach bronze hoard of 76 objects from the late Bronze Age; displays documenting the Medieval and modern social history of the town and works from contemporary artists.


Engraving of Weinheim by Matthäus Merian the elder (1645)
  • February: High-jump Gala, with world class high-jumpers
  • March: the Sommertagszug, a festival celebrating the coming of summer.
  • May/June (near Ascension Day): day of the Weinheimer Senioren-Convents
  • June–August: Weinheim's summer of culture
  • June: Scheuerfest (barn party) in Ritschweier
  • July: the Weinheim road race
  • May–September: Kerwes in Rippenweier, Sulzbach, Lützelsachsen, Oberflockenbach und Hohensachsen
  • August (second weekend thereof): Weinheim's Kerwe (Friday to Monday)
  • September (first Friday-Sunday): Weinheimer UKW-Tagung, a three-day international amateur radio meeting held annually since 1956[4]
  • October: Bergsträßer Winzerfest (lit. "mountain-road vintner festival") in Lützelsachsen

Local businesses

  • Beltz Verlag
  • Freudenberg Group
  • Schlegel und Partner GmbH
  • Kukident GmbH, Reckitt Benckiser AG
  • Naturin
  • T-Systems ITS GmbH
  • Wiley-VCH publishers
  • 3 Glocken
  • Weinheimer Nachrichten
  • Druckhaus Diesbach
  • SAP SE
  • Domaniecki Carpetence





Weinheim has two main train stations on the Main-Neckar Railway, these being Weinheim (Bergstraße) station (served by Regional and long-distance IC trains) and Lützelsachsen (served by Regional trains). These provide connections to Frankfurt, Hamburg and other destinations within Germany.

  • Deutsche Bahn
  • Rhein-Neckar Verkehr VRN | Startseite

Weinheim is also served by the OEG tramway, which is used daily by people who use this to commute to the cities of Mannheim and Heidelberg.



The closest airports to Weinheim are:

Twin towns – sister cities


Weinheim is twinned with:[5]



These are the population figures for particular years. There are drawn from guesses, 'Volkszählungsergebnisse (semi-official figures, demarcated by a ¹) and official statistics based on place of residence (Hauptwohnsitz).

Year Population
1439 1,780
1774 1,774
1812 4,039
1830 5,000
1 December 1871 6,350
1 December 1880 ¹ 7,159
1 December 1890 ¹ 8,243
1 December 1900 ¹ 11,167
1 December 1910 ¹ 14,170
8 Oktober 1919 ¹ 14,550
16 June 1925 ¹ 15,793
16 June 1933 ¹ 17,486
17 May 1939 ¹ 18,561
Year Population
December 1945 ¹ 19,944
13 September 1950 ¹ 25,199
6 June 1961 ¹ 27,859
27 May 1970 ¹ 29,670
31 December 1975 41,005
31 December 1980 41,654
27 May 1987 ¹ 41,934
31 December 1990 42,241
31 December 1995 42,812
31 December 2000 42,520
31 December 2005 43,417
30 June 2006 42,745

¹ These are taken from a Volkszählungsergebnis.

Notable people

Hartmut K. Lichtenthaler, 2019
  • Federico Rauch (1786–1829), colonel who fought and died in Argentina
  • Heinrich Hübsch (1795–1863), a German architect, head of public works in Karlsruhe
  • Philipp Bickel, (DE Wiki) (1829–1914), baptist theologian and publisher
  • Valentine Dell (1829-1885), newspaper editor, publisher, politician and U.S. marshal in Arkansas.
  • August Bender, (DE Wiki) (1847–1926), chemist and entrepreneur
  • Wilhelm Platz, (DE Wiki) (1866–1929), author and factory owner
  • Richard Freudenberg (1892–1975), politician (FDP)
  • Erwin Linder (1903–1968), a German stage, film and TV actor.
  • Hartmut K. Lichtenthaler (born 1934), botanist, plant physiologist and university professor.
  • Werner Andreas Albert (1935–2019), an Australian conductor.
  • Valentino Bellucci (1975–2021), an Italian philosopher, sociologist, poet, painter and essayist.



Worked in the town

  • Karl Friedrich Bender, (DE Wiki) (1806–1869), theologian, teacher, principal of the Erziehungsanstalt für Knaben (boys' school)
  • Ingrid Noll (born 1935), a German thriller writer, (e.g. Die Apothekerin), lived in Weinheim
  • Markus Kuhn (born 1986), NFL player

Honorary citizens


The town of Weinheim has made the following people honorary citizens (Ehrenbürger):

  • 1894: Carl Johann Freudenberg, Geheimer Kommerzienrat (royal economist)
  • 1904: Erhard Bissinger, Consul general
  • 1913: Aute Bode, chief engineer and the architect behind the Wachenburg
  • 1918: Hermann Ernst Freudenberg, Geheimer Kommerzienrat (royal economist)
  • 1922: Georg Friedrich Vogler, vice-mayor
  • 1923: Adam Karrillon, doctor and author
  • 1928: Emil Hartmann, construction engineer
  • 1928: Prof. Arthur Wienkoop, Architect
  • 1933: Paul von Hindenburg, German President[6]
  • 1940: Georg Peter Nickel, agriculturist
  • 1949: Richard Freudenberg, factory owner
  • 1953: Hans Freudenberg, factory owner
  • 1954: Sepp Herberger, sports trainer, trainer of the German World Cup winning side of 1954
  • 1962: Wilhelm Brück, Lord Mayor
  • 1986: Theo Gießelmann, Lord Mayor
  • 2004: Dieter Freudenberg, factory owner
  • 2004: Wolfgang Daffinger, mayor, representative in the Landtag
  • 2005: Uwe Kleefoot, Lord Mayor


  1. ^ Aktuelle Wahlergebnisse, Staatsanzeiger, accessed 14 September 2021.
  2. ^ "Bevölkerung nach Nationalität und Geschlecht am 31. Dezember 2022" [Population by nationality and sex as of December 31, 2022] (CSV) (in German). Statistisches Landesamt Baden-Württemberg. June 2023.
  3. ^ "Die Synagoge in Weinheim (Rhein-Neckar-Kreis)". Alemannia-judaica.de. Retrieved 29 December 2019.
  4. ^ "Historisches « FACW e.V."
  5. ^ "Städtepartnerschaften". weinheim.de (in German). Weinheim. Retrieved 2021-02-17.
  6. ^ For those made honorary citizens in 1933, see Heinz Keller: Weinheim 1933-1945 − Zeitskizzen. in: Stadt Weinheim (Hrsg.): (in German)Die Stadt Weinheim zwischen 1933 und 1945. (= Weinheimer Geschichtsblatt Nr. 38), Weinheim 2000, ISBN 3-923652-12-7, S. 13f.