Westchester County Airport
|Owner||County of Westchester|
|Location||West Harrison, New York|
|Hub for||Tradewind Aviation|
|Elevation AMSL||439 ft / 134 m|
FAA airport diagram
Westchester County Airport (IATA: HPN, ICAO: KHPN, FAA LID: HPN) is a county-owned airport in Westchester County, New York, three miles (6 km) northeast of downtown White Plains, in West Harrison, New York. It is sometimes referred to as White Plains Airport and has been so identified in the past by the Official Airline Guide (OAG).
It serves suburban Westchester County, New York and Fairfield County, Connecticut (the New York-Connecticut state border runs along the airport's east edge). It also serves the New York metropolitan area, as it is about 33 miles (53 km) north of Midtown Manhattan.
The Westchester County Airport is currently served by five airlines, including regional code sharing affiliates scheduling passenger flights for their major airline partners to sixteen destinations in the United States. Two scheduled charter airlines also offer flights.
The National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems for 2011–2015 categorized it as a primary commercial service airport. As per Federal Aviation Administration records, the airport had 904,482 passenger boardings (enplanements) in calendar year 2008, 964,927 enplanements in 2009, and 999,831 in 2010.
Westchester County Airport was built during World War II in 1942 as a home to an Air National Guard unit to protect New York City and Rye Lake, part of the city's water supply system. In May 1983, with the growth of suburban Westchester, the Guard unit abandoned Westchester Air National Guard Base and moved to Stewart International Airport, in Orange County.
The first scheduled airline flights were by American Airlines in late 1949 with a weekday morning flight from New York LaGuardia Airport to HPN continuing to Syracuse Hancock International Airport and beyond and returning in the evening. Mohawk Airlines replaced American in 1955; Mohawk and successor Allegheny Airlines served HPN until 1979. The first scheduled jet flight was a Mohawk BAC One-Eleven in 1965. Before the federal Airline Deregulation Act in 1978, the airport was served in 1976 by Allegheny Airlines BAC One-Elevens and by several commuter air carriers including Air Speed, Command Airways and Commuter Airlines. Air Florida arrived in 1980 and United Airlines during the mid 1980s. American Airlines also resumed mainline service. On January 5, 2006 the last flight operated by regional carrier Independence Air left HPN for Washington, D.C. at 7:26 pm.
Major airlines that previously served the airport include American Airlines, Northwest Airlines, Republic Airlines (1979-1986), United Airlines and USAir (now American Airlines). New start up carriers Air Florida, AirTran Airways, Carnival Air Lines and Midway Airlines also served the airport. AirTran Airways began service at the airport in 2006 with flights to Atlanta, Orlando and West Palm Beach. These flights ended on August 11, 2012. Smaller regional and commuter air carriers that previously operated flights included Air North, Altair Airlines, Business Express Airlines, Boston-Maine Airways (operating as Pan Am Clipper Connection), Brockway Air, Command Airways, Commuter Airlines, Continental Express (now United Express), Empire Airlines, Independence Air, Island Air, Mall Airways and USAir Express.
- Air Florida - Boeing 737-200
- AirTran - Boeing 717-200
- Allegheny Airlines - BAC One-Eleven
- American Airlines - Fokker 100
- Carnival Air Lines - Boeing 737-200
- Continental Express - Embraer ERJ-135 (operated by ExpressJet for Continental Airlines)
- Empire Airlines - Fokker F28 Fellowship
- Midway Airlines - Douglas DC-9-10
- Mohawk Airlines - BAC One-Eleven
- Northwest Airlines - McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30
- Republic Airlines (1979-1986) - McDonnell Douglas DC-9-30
- United Airlines - Boeing 737-200, 737-300 and 737-500
- USAir - Fokker 100
In June 2005 the airport was in the news when a drunken teenager, along with two friends, stole a Cessna Skyhawk from nearby Danbury Municipal Airport around 1AM and landed on a taxiway at Westchester County Airport around 4AM. The aircraft was low on fuel and allegedly flying erratically. HPN airport was closed at the time and no runway lights were turned on. Police arrived on the scene and reported beer bottles falling out of the aircraft as they tried to arrest the teens, all of whom were charged with various felonies related to the unauthorized use of the aircraft, theft, and alcohol impairment.
JetBlue began service at the airport in 2007 and is now the airport's largest carrier with 11 daily round trips to five destinations. JetBlue and Delta are the only airlines with mainline jet aircraft at HPN.
In June 2009 Cape Air added service to Westchester, with service to Nantucket and Martha's Vineyard in Massachusetts. Cape Air introduced service to Lebanon Municipal Airport in New Hampshire in early 2010. All Cape Air flights depart and arrive from the Signature Flight Support facility south of the Main Terminal due to a lack of ticket counter space in the main terminal building.
In June 2010 a regional airline affiliate of Air Canada announced it would cease all flights into the airport. Commuter code sharing service with Beechcraft turboprop aircraft was flown on behalf of Air Canada for several years between the airport and Toronto. This ended international flights until service to the Bahamas began in 2011. However, the airport currently does not have any international nonstop service.
On November 18, 2010 American Airlines ended its American Eagle regional airline service to the airport and instead introduced American Connection flights operated by Chautauqua Airlines as a replacement flying smaller Embraer ERJ-140 regional jet aircraft. Later, the American Connection name was dropped and American Eagle service returned.
In 2013, Delta Air Lines announced that it would start seasonal service to Orlando starting in December of that year. This service is currently operated on a seasonal basis by regional code sharing affiliate Delta Connection.
Between December 2 and December 20, 2017, Delta Airlines upgraded 1-2 flights depending on the day to Boeing 717 aircraft to test the feasibility of upgrading capacity to HPN. As of July 2018, the airline continues to utilize Boeing 717 equipment for select flights on the HPN-ATL route. This is the first mainline service addition since AirTran Airways folded.
Noise abatement procedures
HPN is nestled between many existing neighborhoods and has many rules that must be followed. HPN officials started the Westchester County Airport Aircraft Noise study which set up Airport Noise and Operations Monitoring Systems (ANOMS) around the airport. The ANOMS measure the sound in the surveying area and compare it to the sound of airplanes and the sound of the neighborhoods surrounding the airport. With the help of these devices, HPN officials have located the problems where noise is affecting the area the most.
HPN has implemented six programs that help reduce noise. The first program as stated earlier is the Voluntary Restraint from Flying or VRFF. The VRFF is a curfew for planes to encourage them not to fly during the hours of midnight to six in the morning. Another program is High Range Noise Event Program which uses the ANOMS. If an ANOMS pick up reading of higher than 90 decibels that airplane is then contacted by HPN officials. HPN also has programs that do not allow airplane larger than 12,500 pounds to takeoff at the runway intersections, or run-up their engines without prior approval of airport operations.
After several renovations, as well as discussions about the airport's viability, the airport is currently served by six scheduled passenger airlines with flights to sixteen destinations in the United States. Although there has always been some controversy about the airport and proposed expansions, more concerns have arisen as a result of passengers seeking relief from the long delays at the other New York airports. The most recent concerns have to do with flight paths and traffic congestion. The latter has been addressed by the County of Westchester with Bee-Line Bus System service to the airport and the encouragement of travelers to get rides to the airport.
The airport's environmental management practices are monitored through the AEMS, an ISO 14001 certified Airport Environmental Management System; airport employees receive environmental training. The facility was, in 2004, the third airport in the U.S. to achieve this level of environmental performance.
Being near a number of residential neighborhoods, Westchester County Airport instituted a Voluntary Restraint from Flying Program, sometimes referred to as a voluntary curfew, which has helped to ease some of the local concern of noise resulting from airport activity. In an effort to alleviate concerns over expansion and noise, planning studies are done on a regular basis.
In May 2011 NYSDOT released the "New York Statewide Airport Economic Impact Study," quantifying the level of economic activity that was attributable to the aviation sector for the year 2009 in the State of New York. The study noted that HPN was one of only three airports in the state that gained emplanements, performing better than the U.S. benchmark. The study also noted that the total economic impact of the airport was approximately $736 million.
The IATA code for Westchester County Airport is HPN. There is a debate in the origins of this code: many believe it is derived from the name of the city, White Plains (IATA codes normally do not begin with W because those are reserved for radio signals), while others believe the IATA code represents the first letter of the three neighboring communities, Harrison, Purchase, and North Castle. The full ICAO code for Westchester County Airport is KHPN.
Facilities and aircraft
Westchester County Airport covers 702 acres (284 ha) at an elevation of 439 feet (134 m) above mean sea level. It has two asphalt paved runways: 16/34 is 6,549 by 150 feet (1,996 x 46 m) and 11/29 is 4,451 by 150 feet (1,357 x 46 m). Runway 29's threshold is displaced 1,297 feet (395 m) due to trees obstructing the approach path. The trees (in Connecticut) are 37 ft (11 m) tall and 370 ft (113 m) from the end of the runway.
Westchester County Airport has several fixed-base operators (FBOs), including Signature Flight Support East and West, Ross Aviation East and West, NetJets, and Million Air. Although varied in services offered, the FBOs at Westchester County Airport provide Jet A and 100LL fueling services, repairs and maintenance, aircraft tiedowns, de-icing, United States Customs, and other aircraft services. Some of the FBOs are particularly luxurious, providing limousine transportation services and deluxe surroundings.
There are three flight schools. Performance Flight operates out of the Million Air at Hangar M, while Academy of Aviation operates out of Ross Aviation West at Hangar T. Wings Air offers helicopter flight training out of Hangar T. Additionally, the Westchester Flying Club, a private organization of pilots, is based at the airport as well as the Westchester Aviation Association, a not-for-profit organization which promotes aviation education and understanding on the part of government authorities and the public.
Westchester County Airport is also the home of the New York Wing Civil Air Patrol headquarters, the Lt. Anthony L. Willsea Cadet Squadron (NY-422).
Aircraft Rescue Fire Fighting (ARFF) is provided by Airport Operations Crews. The airport owns three ARFF apparatus (three Oshkosh Striker 1500s), two of which are in service full-time. The ARFF Crews only respond to aircraft emergencies. All structure related fire and rescue calls go to the local fire departments. For example, the Purchase Fire Department handles all structure calls on the southern part of the airfield, the Armonk Fire Department handles calls on the northern part and the Rye Brook/Port Chester Fire Department handle all calls on the east end, including the main terminal. EMS calls are handled by Port Chester-Rye-Rye Brook EMS, Harrison EMS and Armonk Fire/EMS depending on location of call.
In 2010 the airport had 191,017 total aircraft operations, an average of 523 per day: 23% commercial aviation, 48% heavy general aviation, and 29% light general aviation. There are 316 aircraft, including helicopters, based out of this airport.
Westchester County Airport has one small three-level terminal with six gate spaces, of which only four may be used because only four aircraft may be scheduled to use the Terminal Ramp at any time. The $35 million terminal was built in 1995 and designed by Lothrop Associates. Gates A, B, C, and F have jetways. The terminal also has one luggage carousel, one baggage reclaim office and two Transportation Security Administration (TSA) screening lanes.
In November 2015, the airport began a $30 million construction project to expand the terminal and ramp areas. The project will expand the terminal by 20% and include additional check-in, screening and passenger waiting areas. The expansion will also include the addition of four new Jetbridges.
Airlines and destinations
|American Eagle||Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Washington–National|
|Cape Air|| Lebanon|
Seasonal: Hyannis, Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket, Provincetown
|Delta Air Lines||Atlanta|
|Delta Connection||Atlanta, Detroit|
|Fly Louie||Seasonal: Pittsburgh, Nantucket|
|JetBlue|| Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Orlando, Tampa, West Palm Beach|
Seasonal: Nantucket (begins June 13, 2019)
|Rectrix Shuttle||Seasonal: Hyannis|
|Reliant Air||Seasonal charter: Nantucket|
|Tradewind Aviation||Seasonal charter: Martha's Vineyard, Nantucket|
|Carrier||Passengers (arriving and departing)|
|2||West Palm Beach, Florida||132,070||JetBlue|
|4||Chicago–O'Hare, Illinois||78,830||American, United|
|5||Fort Lauderdale, Florida||75,340||JetBlue|
|6||Charlotte, North Carolina||56,410||American|
|9||Fort Myers, Florida||33,180||JetBlue|
In popular culture
- The airport was a filming location for The Best Man, Random Hearts, and Meet The Parents.
- In The West Wing episode "Celestial Navigation", Leo tells Toby and Sam to "Fly to Westchester County Airport and rent a car" in order to get their United States Supreme Court nominee, Roberto Mendoza, out of jail in Connecticut.
- In an episode of The Newsroom, Don Keefer explains to Sloan Sabbith that the most likely airports for out-of-town equity firm executives to utilize while visiting New York City in their private jets would be either "Teterboro or White Plains."
- FAA Airport Master Record for HPN (PDF). Federal Aviation Administration. Effective August 25, 2011.
- User, Super. "Westchester County Airport". airport.westchestergov.com. Retrieved February 13, 2018.
- http://www.departedflights.com, April 1, 1981 & Feb. 15, 1985 editions, Official Airline Guide
- "2011–2015 NPIAS Report, Appendix A" (PDF). National Plan of Integrated Airport Systems. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2010. Archived from the original (PDF, 2.03 MB) on September 27, 2012. External link in
- "Enplanements for CY 2008" (PDF, 1.0 MB). CY 2008 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. December 18, 2009. External link in
- "Enplanements for CY 2010" (PDF, 189 KB). CY 2010 Passenger Boarding and All-Cargo Data. Federal Aviation Administration. October 4, 2011. External link in
- Feb. 1, 1976 Official Airline Guide
- "Last Run for Independence Air". msnbc.com. January 5, 2006. Retrieved February 20, 2008.
- http://www.departedflights.com, Official Airline Guide for April 1, 1981; Feb. 15, 1985; Dec. 15, 1989; Oct. 1, 1991; April 2, 1995
- OAG Flight Guide Worldwide, Feb. 2007
- Official Airline Guide (OAG), Feb. 1, 1976
- http://www.airliners.net, photo of Northwest Jetlink Avro RJ-85 on final to Westchester County Airport
- http://www.departedflights.com, July 1, 1981 Air Florida route map
- "Passenger service from Morrisville to NYC area to take flight". VTDigger.com. September 18, 2015. Retrieved September 22, 2015.
- Foderaro, Lisa (December 7, 1989). "The Talk of Westchester County Airport; Airport Plan: A Travelers' Oasis or a Threat to Neighbors?". New York Times. Retrieved January 15, 2008.
- Dzikowski, Don (September 1990). "Opponents Assail Airport Terminal Expansion Plans (Westchester County Airport)". Westchester County Business Journal.
- Vigdor, Neil (January 8, 2008). "Town Rethinks FAA Lawsuit". Greenwich Time. Retrieved January 15, 2008.[dead link]
- "Route 12 bus route" (PDF).
- "Holiday Travelers Urged to Get Rides to the County Airport". Archived from the original on October 26, 2007. Retrieved November 9, 2007.
- "Environmental Management System - ISO 14001 Certified". Airport.westchestergov.com. April 10, 2012. Retrieved June 15, 2012.
- Government, Westchester County. "It's Not Just an Airport, it's a Neighborhood" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on October 12, 2007. Retrieved 2008-01-15.
- Harris Miller Miller & Hanson, Inc., TAMS Consultants, Inc. (August 2002). "Westchester County Airport Aircraft Noise Study" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on September 12, 2008. Retrieved January 15, 2008.
- "Westchester County Airport's Call Letters Dispute". Archived from the original on January 10, 2008.
- "COUNTY OF WESTCHESTER v. TOWN OF GREENWICH CONNECTICUT II". United States Court of Appeals, Second Circuit. FindLaw. Retrieved October 15, 2008.
- "About Us". Airport.westchestergov.com. May 22, 2012. Retrieved June 15, 2012.
- "Lothrop Associates: Westchester County Airport Major Modernziation and Expansion". Archived from the original on May 20, 2006. Retrieved February 13, 2018.
- "OST_R | BTS | Transtats". Transtats.bts.gov. Retrieved February 13, 2018.
- "westfilms". www.westchesterfilm.homestead.com. Retrieved February 13, 2018.
- "twiztv.com". www.twiztv.com. Retrieved February 13, 2018.
- "The Newsroom s03e01 Episode Script - SS". Springfield! Springfield!. Retrieved February 13, 2018.
- Westchester County Airport, official site
- "Westchester County Airport (HPN)" (PDF). from New York State DOT
- (PDF), effective May 23, 2019
- FAA Terminal Procedures for Westchester County (HPN), effective May 23, 2019
- Aerial image as of April 1991 from USGS The National Map
- Resources for this airport:
- AirNav airport information for KHPN
- ASN accident history for HPN
- FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker
- NOAA/NWS latest weather observations
- SkyVector aeronautical chart for KHPN
- FAA current HPN delay information