The YJ-83 (Chinese: 鹰击-83; pinyin: yingji-83; lit. 'eagle strike 83'; NATO reporting name: CSS-N-8 Saccade) is a Chinese subsonic anti-ship cruise missile. It is manufactured by the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation Third Academy.
|Type||Anti-ship cruise missile|
|Place of origin||People's Republic of China|
|Used by||People's Republic of China|
|Manufacturer||China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation|
|Warhead||190 kg high-explosive fragmentation (YJ-83)|
165 kg high-explosive, semi-armour piercing (YJ-83K)
|180 km (YJ-83, YJ-83K)|
230 km (YJ-83KH)
120 km (C-802)
180 km (C-802A)
|Maximum speed||Mach 0.9|
|Inertial navigation/active radar homing terminal guidance|
|Surface and air launched|
The YJ-83 uses microprocessors and a strapdown inertial reference unit (IRU); these are more compact than the equivalent electronics used in the YJ-8 and the export C-802, allowing the YJ-83 to have a 180-km range at Mach 0.9. The missile is powered by the Chinese CTJ-2 turbojet, and carries 190-kg high-explosive fragmentation warhead. Terminal guidance is by an active radar.
The air-launched YJ-83K has a range of 180-km, a cruise speed of Mach 0.9, and a 165 kg high-explosive, semi-armour piercing warhead. The improved YJ-83KH uses a imaging-infrared seeker and has a range of 230 km; reportedly it may receive course corrections by remote link.
The YJ-83 entered service with the People's Liberation Army Navy in 1998-1999, equipping large numbers of its surface warships. The YJ-83K is the standard anti-ship missile carried by the People's Liberation Army Naval Air Force; the United States reported the usage in 2014. The People's Liberation Army Air Force was using the YJ-83K by February 2020.
On 14 July 2006 during the 2006 Lebanon War, Hezbollah fired two Chinese-built C-802 missiles with upgraded Iranian radar seekers. The first hit a Cambodian-flagged Egyptian freighter 60 km offshore. The other hit the Israeli Navy's Sa'ar 5-class corvette INS Hanit, which was patrolling 8.5 nm offshore of Beirut. The missile hit the corvette's unstealthy crane near the rear helicopter pad; the explosion holed the pad, set fire to fuel storage, and killed four crewmembers. The fire was extinguished after four hours and Hanit returned to Ashdod under its own power for three weeks of repairs. The corvette's automatic anti-missile systems were deactivated before the attack; Israel was unaware that Hezbollah had C-802s, and there were concerns over friendly fire with the Israeli Air Force.
On 9 October 2016, the United States Navy guided-missile destroyer USS Mason (DDG-87) reported coming under attack in the Red Sea by cruise missiles fired from territory in Yemen controlled by the Houthi group. The missiles appeared similar to one fired from Yemen a week earlier that damaged HSV-2 Swift, a leased transport ship under the control of the United Arab Emirates, who are supporting the Yemeni government in a civil war against the Houthis. Analysis of the damage caused by that missile led experts to believe it was a C-802. None of the missiles fired at USS Mason hit their targets; U.S. authorities claimed that defensive countermeasures were used, including firing defensive missiles.
The C-802 precedes the closely related YJ-83. It is powered by the French TRI 60-2 turbojet and has a range of 65 nautical miles (120 km). The C-802 is considered a part of the YJ-83 family by the US military. The C-802 is sometimes and erroneously considered the export version of the YJ-82; the two are separate developments.
Initial surface-launched version with 120km range.
Variant with enhanced range; 180 km for surface-launch and 250 km for air-launch.
Air-launched variant with 130km range.
Air-launched variant with imaging-infrared seeker and 230 km.
Predecessor of the YJ-83.
Export version of the air-launched YJ-83.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to YJ-83.|