50th Troop Carrier Wing

Summary

The 50th Air Division is an inactive United States Air Force unit. Its last assignment was with Third Air Force at Pope Field, North Carolina. It was inactivated on 31 July 1946.

50th Air Division
442d Troop Carrier Group Douglas C-47A-15-DK Skytrain 42-92879.jpg
C-47 of the wing's 442d Troop Carrier Group in D Day markings[note 1]
Active1941–1946
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
Insignia
50th Troop Carrier Wing emblem (Approved 22 September 1942)[1]50th Air Division crest.jpg

HistoryEdit

The wing was first established as the 50th Transport Wing, then activated at Wright Field, Ohio on 14 January 1941. Although initially assigned directly to the Office, Chief of the Air Corps, it was shortly reassigned to Air Corps Maintenance Command.[1] The wing's mission was to control the air movement of Army materiel within the United States. Within a year, the wing was moving more air freight within the United States than all commercial airlines combined.[2] In March 1942, however, the Army Air Forces directed Air Service Command to increase the use of contracts with airlines to move freight within the United States "in order to free the equipment of the 50th Transport wing for tactical operations with the parachute troops, airborne infantry, the airborne transportation of [government furnished equipment] and supplies, and depot-to-depot operations."[3]

Recognizing this mission change, in July 1942 the wing became the 50th Troop Carrier Wing and formed the core for I Troop Carrier Command, acting as a major training organization until 1943, training subordinate units in the United States prior to overseas deployment.[1]

In October 1943, became a command organization for IX Troop Carrier Command, Ninth Air Force in England. "Subordinate units began training for the invasion of continental Europe. This training involved airdropping paratroops and towing gliders."[1]

"In June 1944, subordinate units dropped paratroops of the 101st Airborne Division in Normandy, subsequently flying numerous missions to bring in reinforcements and needed supplies. During the airborne attack on The Netherlands (Operation Market Garden, September 1944), the 50th dropped paratroops, towed gliders, and flew resupply missions. Several of its subordinate units also participated in the invasion of southern France in August 1944. The 50th supported the 101st Airborne Division in the Battle of the Bulge by towing gliders full of supplies near Bastogne on 27 December 1944. In addition, its units participated in the air assault across the Rhine River in early 1945 and later flew numerous freight missions to carry gasoline, food, medicine, and other supplies to allied ground forces pushing across Germany."[1]

The wing returned to the United States in September 1945. In 1946 it became a subordinate organization of new Tactical Air Command[1] with responsibility for the theater transport (Troop Carrier) mission. It was inactivated on 31 July 1946.[1]

On 1 September 1959, the USAF redesignated the wing as the 50th Air Division; however, the division was never activated.

LineageEdit

  • Established as the 50th Transport Wing on 8 January 1941
Activated on 14 January 1941
Redesignated 50th Troop Carrier Wing on 4 July 1942
Inactivated on 31 July 1946
Redesignated 50th Air Division on 1 September 1959 (Remained inactive)[1]

AssignmentsEdit

ComponentsEdit

Groups

Squadrons

  • 1st Troop Carrier Pathfinder Squadron (Provisional): 19 – 26 May 1945
  • 2d Troop Carrier Pathfinder Squadron (Provisional): 13 April – 26 May 1945
  • 29th Troop Carrier Squadron: attached 20 May – 12 September 1945
  • 806th Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron: 17 November 1943 – 1 February 1945
  • 810th Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron: 22 December 1943 – 22 July 1944
  • 811th Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron: unknown – 1 March 1944
  • 813th Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron: 1 February – 29 August 1944; 11 September 1944 – 15 September 1945
  • 814th Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron: 14 February – 7 April 1944
  • 815th Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron: 1 February – 8 April 1945
  • 816th Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron: 13 October 1944 – 8 April 1945; 1 July – 3 August 1945
  • 817th Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron: 1 October 1944 – 17 May 1945; 1 – 27 July 1945
  • 818th Medical Air Evacuation Transport Squadron: 22 January – 8 April 1945; 12 May – 3 August 1945[1]

StationsEdit

AircraftEdit

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

NotesEdit

Explanatory notes
  1. ^ Aircraft is Douglas C-47A-15-DK Skytrain, serial 42-92879.
  2. ^ Not to be confused with Air Transport Command (originally Air Corps Ferrying Command).
  3. ^ On 4 November 1945, I Troop Carrier Command was inactivated at Stout Field, Indiana and its personnel and equipment were transferred to IX Troop Carrier Command, which had transferred to Stout from England without personnel or equipment in September. Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 438, 448–449.
Citations
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m "Factsheet 50 Air Division". Air Force Historical Research Agency. 5 October 2007. Archived from the original on 24 October 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2014.
  2. ^ Administrative History, Ferrying Command, p. 68
  3. ^ Administrative History, Ferrying Command, p. 105 (quoting letter of 25 March 1942 from the Commanding General, Air Service Command)
  4. ^ a b Station numbers in Anderson
  5. ^ a b Station numbers in Johnson

BibliographyEdit

  This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Anderson, Capt. Barry (1985). Army Air Forces Stations: A Guide to the Stations Where U.S. Army Air Forces Personnel Served in the United Kingdom During World War II (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 7 July 2012.
  • Johnson, 1st Lt. David C. (1988). U.S. Army Air Forces Continental Airfields (ETO) D-Day to V-E Day (PDF). Maxwell AFB, AL: Research Division, USAF Historical Research Center. Archived from the original (PDF) on 17 September 2016.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979.
  • Historical Division, Air Transport Command (March 1955). "Administrative History of the Ferrying Command, 29 May 1941 to 30 June 1942, USAF Historical Study No. 32" (PDF). Assistant Chief of Staff Intelligence, Historical Division. Retrieved 6 November 2018.

External linksEdit

  • "Invaders: The Story of the 50th Troop Carrier Wing". Desfosses-Neogravure, Paris. 1945. Retrieved 27 January 2015. (URL is for text of booklet only)