Arsenic tribromide

Summary

Arsenic tribromide
Ball and stick model of arsenic tribromide
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
Arsenic tribromide
Systematic IUPAC name
Tribromoarsane
Other names
Arsenic(III) bromide
Arsenous bromide
Identifiers
  • 7784-33-0 checkY
3D model (JSmol)
  • Interactive image
ChemSpider
  • 22973 checkY
ECHA InfoCard 100.029.143 Edit this at Wikidata
EC Number
  • 232-057-4
  • 24569
RTECS number
  • CG1375000
UNII
  • 41CN475O7F checkY
  • DTXSID4064840 Edit this at Wikidata
  • InChI=1S/AsBr3/c2-1(3)4 checkY
    Key: JMBNQWNFNACVCB-UHFFFAOYSA-N checkY
  • InChI=1S/AsBr3/c2-1(3)4
    Key: JMBNQWNFNACVCB-UHFFFAOYSA-N
  • InChI=1/AsBr3/c2-1(3)4
    Key: JMBNQWNFNACVCB-UHFFFAOYAH
  • Br[As](Br)Br
Properties
AsBr3
Molar mass 314.634 g/mol
Appearance white to pale yellow crystalline solid
Density 3.54 g/cm3
Melting point 31.1 °C (88.0 °F; 304.2 K)
Boiling point 221 °C (430 °F; 494 K)
soluble, partial hydrolysis indicated by fumes
-106.0·10−6 cm3/mol
2.3
Hazards
NIOSH (US health exposure limits):
PEL (Permissible)
[1910.1018] TWA 0.010 mg/m3[1]
REL (Recommended)
Ca C 0.002 mg/m3 [15-minute][1]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
Ca [5 mg/m3 (as As)][1]
Related compounds
Related compounds
Phosphorus tribromide
arsenic trichloride
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Arsenic tribromide is the inorganic compound with the formula AsBr3. This pyramidal molecule is the only known binary arsenic bromide. AsBr3 is noteworthy for its very high refractive index of approximately 2.3. It also has a very high diamagnetic susceptibility.[2] The compound exists as colourless deliquescent crystals that fume in moist air.

Preparation

Arsenic tribromide can be prepared by the direct bromination of arsenic powder. Alternatively arsenic(III) oxide can be used as the precursor in the presence of elemental sulfur:[3]

2 As2O3 + 3 S + 6 Br2 → 4 AsBr3 + 3 SO2

Bromides of arsenic

AsBr5 is not known, although the corresponding phosphorus compound PBr5 is well characterized. AsBr3 is the parent for a series of hypervalent anionic bromoarsenates including [As2Br8]2−, [As2Br9]3−, and [As3Br12]3−.[4]

Organoarsenic bromides, (CH3)2AsBr and (CH3)AsBr2 are formed efficiently by the copper-catalyzed reaction of methyl bromide with hot arsenic metal. This synthesis is similar to the direct process used for the synthesis of methyl chlorosilanes.

Safety

Arsenic tribromide is toxic, as are most all arsenic compounds.

References

  1. ^ a b c NIOSH Pocket Guide to Chemical Hazards. "#0038". National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH).
  2. ^ CRC handbook of Chemistry and Physics, CRC Press
  3. ^ "Arsenic Tribromide" in Handbook of Preparative Inorganic Chemistry, 2nd Ed. Edited by G. Brauer, Academic Press, 1963, NY. Vol. 1. p. 597.
  4. ^ Holleman, A. F.; Wiberg, E. "Inorganic Chemistry" Academic Press: San Diego, 2001. ISBN 0-12-352651-5.