Ditmas Avenue station

Summary

 Ditmas Avenue
 "F" train"F" express train
MTA NYC logo.svg New York City Subway station (rapid transit)
Platforms at Ditmas Avenue station, September 2018.JPG
Looking south from Manhattan bound platform
Station statistics
AddressDitmas Avenue & McDonald Avenue
Brooklyn, NY 11218
BoroughBrooklyn
LocaleKensington
Coordinates40°38′10.55″N 73°58′41.42″W / 40.6362639°N 73.9781722°W / 40.6362639; -73.9781722Coordinates: 40°38′10.55″N 73°58′41.42″W / 40.6362639°N 73.9781722°W / 40.6362639; -73.9781722
DivisionB (IND, formerly BMT)[1]
LineIND Culver Line
BMT Culver Line (formerly)
Services   F all times (all times) <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction (two rush hour trains, peak direction)​
StructureElevated
Platforms2 side platforms
Tracks3 (2 in regular service)
Other information
OpenedMarch 16, 1919 (102 years ago) (1919-03-16)[2]
Station code244[3]
Opposite-
direction
transfer
Yes
Traffic
20191,177,275[4]Increase 2.4%
Rank335 out of 424[4]
Station succession
Next northChurch Avenue: F all times <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction
13th Avenue (BMT Culver Line; demolished)
Next south18th Avenue: F all times <F> two rush hour trains, peak direction
Location
Ditmas Avenue station is located in New York City Subway
Ditmas Avenue station
Ditmas Avenue station is located in New York City
Ditmas Avenue station
Ditmas Avenue station is located in New York
Ditmas Avenue station
Track layout

Legend
Trackway of former
Culver Shuttle spur
Street map

Station service legend
Symbol Description
Stops all times Stops all times
Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service) Stops rush hours in the peak direction only (limited service)
Stops weekdays and weekday late nights Stops weekdays and weekday late nights

Ditmas Avenue is a local station on the IND Culver Line of the New York City Subway. Located at the intersection of Ditmas and McDonald Avenues in Kensington, Brooklyn, it is served by the F train at all times and the <F> train during rush hours in the peak direction.

History

This station opened at 3:00 a.m. on March 16, 1919, as part of the opening of the first section of the BMT Culver Line. The initial section began at the Ninth Avenue station and ended at the Kings Highway station.[2][5] The line was operated as a branch of the Fifth Avenue Elevated line, with a free transfer at Ninth Avenue to the West End Line into the Fourth Avenue Subway. The opening of the line resulted in reduced travel times between Manhattan and Kings Highway. Construction on the line began in 1915, and cost a total of $3.3 million.[6][7][8][9] Trains from this station began using the Fourth Avenue Subway to the Nassau Street Loop in Lower Manhattan when that line opened on May 30, 1931.[10] The Fifth Avenue Elevated was closed on May 31, 1940, and elevated service ceased stopping here.[11][12] On October 30, 1954,[11][13] the connection between the IND South Brooklyn Line at Church Avenue and the BMT Culver Line at Ditmas Avenue opened. With the connection completed, all service at the stations on the former BMT Culver Line south of Ditmas Avenue, including this one, were from then on served by IND trains.[14]

North of Ditmas Avenue, the Culver Line expands into four tracks, two local, and two express tracks and enters the tunnel into Church Avenue, allowing access to IND lines in the other boroughs. Before 1954, the Coney Island-bound platform was formerly an island platform with an extra track. Afterward, the BMT Culver Line north of Ditmas Avenue was reduced to a single-track shuttle. The shuttle ceased operation on May 11, 1975 due to decreasing ridership and most of the structure above 37th-38th Streets were demolished.[15] The fourth track at Ditmas Avenue was removed and the Coney Island-bound platform was converted to a side platform.

From June 1968[16] to 1987, express service on the elevated portion of the line from Church Avenue to Kings Highway operated in the peak direction (to Manhattan AM; to Brooklyn PM), with some F trains running local and some running express. During this time period, this station was used as a local station.[17][18] Express service ended in 1987, largely due to budget constraints and complaints from passengers at local stations. Express service on the elevated Culver Line was ended due to necessary structural work, but never restored.[17][18][19]

Station layout

P
Platform level
Side platform
Northbound local "F" train"F" express train toward 179th Street (Church Avenue)
Peak-direction express No regular service
Southbound local "F" train"F" express train toward Coney Island (18th Avenue)
Side platform
Trackbed Former Culver Shuttle
M Mezzanine Fare control, station agent, MetroCard machines
G Street level Entrance/exit
Remains of the Culver Shuttle track and the Culver Ramp connecting the station to the original underground IND Culver Line

This elevated station, opened on March 16, 1919,[2] has three tracks and two side platforms. The center track is not used in revenue service. Both platforms have beige windscreens along their entire lengths except for a small section at the north end. Brown canopies with green frames and support columns run along the center of the platforms. The station signs are in the standard black plates in white lettering. There is an abandoned tower on the extreme south end of the Manhattan-bound platform.

Along the west side of McDonald Avenue, the remains of the Culver Shuttle's fourth track are visible behind the windscreens of the Coney Island-bound platform and more remains show the two-track turnoff just before entering Ditmas Avenue.

Exits

This station has two entrances/exits, both of which are elevated station houses beneath the tracks. The full-time one is at the south end. Two staircases from each platform outside the canopies go down to a waiting area/crossover, where a turnstile bank of three provides entrance/exit from the station. Outside fare control, there is a token booth and two staircases going down to either southern corners of McDonald Avenue and Ditmas Avenue.[20]

The other station house at the north end also has one staircase from each platform, a waiting area/crossover, and two staircases going down to either side of McDonald Avenue between Cortelyou Road and Ditmas Avenue. However, the station house is unstaffed, containing two High Entry/Exit Turnstiles. Both station house balconies have a high turnstile to allow passengers to enter or exit the station without having to go through the station house. The one on the Manhattan-bound staircase is entry and exit while the one on the Coney Island-bound staircase is exit-only.[20]

Track layout

South of the station there is a double crossover between the southbound local track and the center express track. Also south of this station, there is a switch from the center express track to the northbound local track.[18][21] There was formerly a switch to the south of the station, from the shuttle track to the southbound local track.[22]

North of the station, the three tracks expand into four tracks. The express tracks split in two, and simultaneously with this split, there is a switch from the northbound local track to the northbound express track, as well as a switch where the southbound express and local tracks merge. The extra track is the southbound local track from Church Avenue, which merges with the southbound express track just north of this station.[21]

References

  1. ^ "Glossary". Second Avenue Subway Supplemental Draft Environmental Impact Statement (SDEIS) (PDF). 1. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. March 4, 2003. pp. 1–2. Archived from the original (PDF) on February 26, 2021. Retrieved January 1, 2021.
  2. ^ a b c Legislative Documents. J.B. Lyon Company. January 1, 1920.
  3. ^ "Station Developers' Information". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. Retrieved June 13, 2017.
  4. ^ "Facts and Figures: Annual Subway Ridership 2014–2019". Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2020. Retrieved May 26, 2020.
  5. ^ Eisenstadt, Peter R.; Moss, Laura-Eve (January 1, 2005). The Encyclopedia of New York State. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 9780815608080.
  6. ^ "B.R.T. Will Open Culver Line Elevated Road as Far as Kings Highway on Sunday Next" (PDF). The New York Times. March 9, 1919. p. 23. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
  7. ^ "Culver Line Open Today" (PDF). The New York Times. March 16, 1919. p. 8. Retrieved October 9, 2016.
  8. ^ Kracke, Frederick J.H. (March 16, 1919). "New Rapid Transit Link in Operation". The New York Times. p. 106. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  9. ^ "Culver Elevated Opens". The New York Times. March 17, 1919. p. 21. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  10. ^ "Nassau St. Service Outlined by B. M. T." The New York Times. May 21, 1931. p. 29. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  11. ^ a b Chiasson, George (May 2010). "A History of the F (and V) Train Service". New York Division Bulletin. Electric Railroaders' Association. 53 (5): 1, 4.
  12. ^ "Last Train is Run on Fulton St. 'El'". The New York Times. June 1, 1940. p. 11. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  13. ^ NYCTA - Pass for Culver Line Ceremonies - 1954, April 14, 2015, retrieved July 30, 2020
  14. ^ "Adequate Transit Promised for City". The New York Times. October 29, 1954. p. 25. Retrieved July 30, 2020.
  15. ^ Kelly, John (May 9, 1975). "End of Line for Culver Shuttle". New York Daily News. p. KL7. Retrieved October 16, 2019 – via Newspapers.com. open access
  16. ^ "'F' Line Rush-Hour Service Will Be Added in Brooklyn" (PDF). The New York Times. June 8, 1969. Retrieved August 26, 2016.
  17. ^ a b Review of F Line Operations, Ridership, and Infrastructure (PDF). nysenate.gov (Report). MTA New York City Transit Authority. October 7, 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on May 31, 2010. Retrieved July 28, 2015.
  18. ^ a b c Feasibility and Analysis of F Express Service in Brooklyn (PDF). Metropolitan Transportation Authority (Report). May 2016. Archived (PDF) from the original on May 27, 2016. Retrieved June 24, 2016.
  19. ^ Geberer, Raanan (March 6, 2013). "Light at End of Tunnel: F Train Express may return". Brooklyn Daily Eagle. Archived from the original on March 27, 2020. Retrieved July 28, 2015.
  20. ^ a b "MTA Neighborhood Maps: Borough Park" (PDF). mta.info. Metropolitan Transportation Authority. 2015. Retrieved July 19, 2015.
  21. ^ a b Marrero, Robert (January 1, 2017). "472 Stations, 850 Miles" (PDF). B24 Blog, via Dropbox. Retrieved April 27, 2018.
  22. ^ "F Train". February 4, 2012. Archived from the original on February 4, 2012. Retrieved October 9, 2016.CS1 maint: bot: original URL status unknown (link)

External links

  • nycsubway.org – BMT Culver Line: Ditmas Avenue
  • Station Reporter — F Train
  • The Subway Nut — Ditmas Avenue Pictures
  • Ditmas Avenue entrance from Google Maps Street View
  • Cortelyou Road entrance from Google Maps Street View
  • Platforms from Google Maps Street View