Hellenic Armed Forces

Summary

The Hellenic Armed Forces (Greek: Eλληνικές Ένοπλες Δυνάμεις, romanizedEllinikés Énoples Dynámis) are the combined ground, naval and air forces of Greece. They consist of the Hellenic Army, the Hellenic Navy, and the Hellenic Air Force.

Hellenic Armed Forces
Eλληνικές Ένοπλες Δυνάμεις
Coat of arms of Greece military variant.svg
Coat of arms of the Hellenic Armed Forces
Founded1828
Current form1975
Service branches
HeadquartersAthens, Greece
Leadership
President Katerina Sakellaropoulou
Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis
Minister of National Defense Nikos Panagiotopoulos
Chief of the General Staff General Konstantinos Floros
Personnel
Military age18
ConscriptionYes
Available for
military service
2,535,174 males, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3]),
2,517,273 females, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3])
Fit for
military service
2,084,469 males, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3]),
2,065,956 females, age 15–49 (2008 est.[3])
Reaching military
age annually
53,858 males (2008 est.[3]),
50,488 females (2008 est.[3])
Active personnel107,600 (2020)[1]
Reserve personnel220,500 (2021)[2]
Expenditures
Budget€7.086 billion (2021)[1]
Percent of GDP3.82% (2021)[1]
Industry
Foreign suppliers
Related articles
HistoryMilitary history of Greece
RanksGreek military ranks

The civilian authority overseeing the Hellenic Armed Forces is the Ministry of National Defense.

HistoryEdit

General informationEdit

Greece is ranked 27 out of 140 countries reviewed for an annual global firepower ranking score, that uses a modified power index formulated after evaluating 50 individual, but subjective factors.[4] In 2022 it holds an index rating of 0.4506, with 0.0000 considered a "perfect" score.

ConscriptionEdit

Greece currently has universal compulsory military service for males from and over 18 years of age. Under Greek law, all men over 18 years of age must serve in the Armed Forces for a period of 9-12 months. Women can serve in the Greek military on a voluntary basis, but cannot be conscripted.

BudgetEdit

According to NATO sources in 2008, Greece spent 2.8% of GDP on its military, which translated to approximately €6.9 billion (US$9.3 billion).[5] In 2008, Greece was the largest importer of conventional weapons in Europe and its military spending was the highest in the European Union relative to the country's GDP, reaching twice the European average.[6][5]

Data for the 2017 fiscal year showed an estimated expense of €4.3 billion in constant 2010 prices, or €4.2 billion in current prices, equivalent to 2.38% of GDP (+0.01 change since 2016). For the 2018 fiscal year, the expenditure was estimated at €4.3 billion in constant 2010 prices or €4.1 billion in current prices, equivalent to 2.27% of GDP (-0.11% change since 2017).[7]

Military personnelEdit

Military personnel was estimated at approximately 106,000 for year 2017 and 105,000 for year 2018.[7]

International operationsEdit

Greece is an EU and NATO member and currently participates primarily in peacekeeping operations. Such operations are ISAF in Afghanistan, EUFOR in Bosnia and Herzegovina and Chad, and KFOR in Kosovo. Greece also maintains a small force in Cyprus.

Component forces and their organizationEdit

Hellenic National Defense General StaffEdit

The Hellenic National Defense General Staff has the operational command of the Joint Armed Forces Headquarters and the units that operate under them. It is also responsible for organising and implementing routine operations and exercises of the Joint Armed Forces, coordinating and implementing operations during the management of wartime and peacetime crises and overseeing operations of the Hellenic Armed Forces outside Greek national territory.[8]

Hellenic ArmyEdit

The basic components of the Hellenic Army are Arms and Corps. The former is responsible for combat missions and the latter for logistical support. It is organized in Commands, Formations, and Units with the main being brigade, division and corps. Its main mission is to guarantee the territorial integrity and independence of the country.[8]

Hellenic NavyEdit

The Hellenic Navy incorporates a modern fleet consisting of strike units, such as frigates, gunboats, submarines and fast attack guided missile vessels and multiple types of support vessels, in order to be able to conduct naval operations that protect Greek national interests and guarantee the integrity of Greek territorial waters, the mainland and the islands.[8]

Hellenic Air ForceEdit

The Hellenic Air Force incorporates a modern aircraft fleet and congruent structure, combined with a comprehensive air defense system that consists of a widespread network of anti-aircraft weapons. The structure, which is overseen by the Air Force General Staff, includes the Tactical Air Force Command, the Air Force Support Command, the Air Force Training Command and a number of other independent defense units and services.[8] Its main mission is to defend Greek airspace and to provide combat support to the Hellenic Army and the Hellenic Navy.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ a b c "Defence Expenditure of NATO Countries (2014-2021)" (PDF). NATO Public Diplomacy Division. 11 June 2021. Retrieved 2 February 2022.
  2. ^ "2021 Greece Military Strength".
  3. ^ CIA World Factbook, [1]
  4. ^ "2022 Military Strength Ranking". www.globalfirepower.com. Retrieved 12 January 2022.
  5. ^ a b "Greece - Military Spending". globalsecurity.org.
  6. ^ Frank Slijper (April 2013). "Guns, Debt and Corruption Military spending and the EU crisis" (PDF).
  7. ^ a b https://www.nato.int/nato_static_fl2014/assets/pdf/pdf_2018_07/20180709_180710-pr2018-91-en.pdf[bare URL PDF]
  8. ^ a b c d "mod.gr - - . ". Archived from the original on 2005-03-07.

External linksEdit

  • Hellenic Ministry of Defense – official website
  • Hellenic National Defense General Staff – official website
  • Hellenic Army General Staff – official website
  • Hellenic Navy General Staff – official website
  • Hellenic Air Force General Staff – official website
  • Defense expenditures of NATO countries