II Air Support Command

Summary

II Air Support Command
Active1941-1945
Country United States
Branch United States Air Force
RoleCommand of tactical air support units

The II Air Support Command is an inactive United States Air Force unit. It was last assigned to Third Air Force at Biggs Field, Texas, as the II Tactical Air Division, where it was inactivated on 22 December 1945.

The command was organized in September 1941 as the 2nd Air Support Command.

History

General Headquarters Air Force reorganized its four regional air districts as Numbered Air Forces in the spring of 1941. By the fall of that year, each of these had organized as a support command and three combat commands.[1]

In the summer of 1941 GHQ AF had decided to establish commands to direct its air support mission in each numbered air force, plus one additional command reporting directly to GHQ AF. These commands would be manned from inactivating wings, and would initially control only observation squadrons, which would be transferred from the control of the corps and divisions, although they would remain attached to these ground units.[2] 2nd Air Force organized 2nd Air Support Command at at Fort Douglas, Utah in September 1941, soon moving to Will Rogers Field, Oklahoma where it drew cadre and equipment from the 20th Bombardment Wing, which was simultaneously inactivated.[3][2] New observation groups were formed, with a cadre drawn from National Guard squadrons that had been mobilized in 1940 and 1941.[2]

However, by early 1942, the command's first commander, Hume Peabody, like two of the other commanders of air support commands had moved overseas, and similar demands led GHQ AF to believe it had little more than the "remnants" of the command remaining.[2]

The unit participated in various air-ground maneuvers, supported ground units in training, and put on air support demonstrations.

Lineage

  • Constituted as 2nd Air Support Command on 21 August 1941[note 1]
Activated on 1 September 1941
Redesignated 2nd Ground Air Support Command c. 30 April 1942
Redesignated II Air Support Command c. 18 September 1942
Redesignated II Tactical Air Division c. 15 August 1943
Inactivated on 22 December 1945
Disbanded on 8 October 1948[3]

Assignments

Components

Groups

Squadrons

Stations

References

Notes

Explanatory notes

  1. ^ Maurer indicates unit was constituted as the "II" Air Support Command. However, the unit was constituted and activated with an arabic number in its name. The use of roman numerals to designate Army Air Forces combat commands did not begin until September 1942. "Air Force Historical Research Agency Organizational Reconds: Types of USAF Organizations". Air Force History Index. 9 January 2008. Retrieved 19 September 2016.

Citations

  1. ^ Cate & Williams, p. 152, 155
  2. ^ a b c d Futrell, p. 13
  3. ^ a b c Maurer, Combat Units, pp. 433-434
  4. ^ Ream, Margaret (September 9, 2020). "Factsheet Second Air Force (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved December 12, 2021.
  5. ^ Haulman, Daniel L. (April 4, 2019). "Factsheet Third Air Force (USAFE)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved December 9, 2021.
  6. ^ Robertson, Patsy E. (July 7, 2017). "Factsheet 48 Operations Group (USAFE)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved December 31, 2021.
  7. ^ Robertson, Patsy (July 10, 2017). "Factsheet 69 Reconnaissance Group (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved January 7, 2022.
  8. ^ Robertson, Patsy (June 10, 2011). "Factsheet 71 Operations Group (AETC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved January 7, 2022.
  9. ^ Stephens, Maj Tonia (May 23, 2017). "Factsheet 72 Air Base Wing (AFMC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved January 9, 2022. (2nd Air Service Command [sic])
  10. ^ Ream, Margaret (May 13, 2021). "Factsheet 75 Air Base Wing (AFMC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved January 10, 2022.
  11. ^ Butler, William M. (January 9, 2008). "Factsheet 77 Aeronauticall Systems Wing (AFMC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved January 12, 2022.
  12. ^ Kane, Robert B. (24 March 2010). "Factsheet 416 Air Expeditionary Wing (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved January 17, 2022.
  13. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 191
  14. ^ Dollman, TSG David (June 16, 2017). "Factsheet 2 Air Support Operations Squadron (USAFE)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved July 17, 2018.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  15. ^ a b c Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 40
  16. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 24
  17. ^ Haulman, Daniel L. (March 27, 2018). "Factsheet 15 Air Support Operations Squadron (ACC)". Air Force Historical Research Agency. Retrieved January 15, 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  18. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 131
  19. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 151
  20. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 177
  21. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 207
  22. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 266
  23. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 334
  24. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 337
  25. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 339
  26. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 342
  27. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 344
  28. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 349
  29. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 350
  30. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 777
  31. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 357
  32. ^ a b Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 358
  33. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, pp. 361-362
  34. ^ Maurer, Combat Squadrons, p. 489

Bibliography

Public Domain This article incorporates public domain material from the Air Force Historical Research Agency website http://www.afhra.af.mil/.

  • Cate, James L.; Williams, E. Kathleen (1948). "Prelude to War, Chapter 4, The Air Corps Prepares for War, 1939-41". In Craven, Wesley F; Cate, James L (eds.). The Army Air Forces in World War II (PDF). Vol. I, Plans and Early Operations. Chicago, IL: University of Chicago Press. LCCN 48003657. OCLC 704158. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  • Futrell, Robert F. (September 1956). "Command of Observation Aviation: A Study in Control of Tactical Airpower, USAF Historical Study No. 24" (PDF). Research Studies Institute, USAF Historical Division, Air University. Retrieved January 23, 2022.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1983) [1961]. Air Force Combat Units of World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-912799-02-1. LCCN 61060979. Retrieved December 17, 2016.
  • Maurer, Maurer, ed. (1982) [1969]. Combat Squadrons of the Air Force, World War II (PDF) (reprint ed.). Washington, DC: Office of Air Force History. ISBN 0-405-12194-6. LCCN 70605402. OCLC 72556. Retrieved December 17, 2016.