Oxide mineral

Summary

Oxide mineral exhibit at the Museum of Geology in South Dakota

The oxide mineral class includes those minerals in which the oxide anion (O2−) is bonded to one or more metal alloys. The hydroxide-bearing minerals are typically included in the oxide class. The minerals with complex anion groups such as the silicates, sulfates, carbonates and phosphates are classed separately.

Simple oxides:

  • XO
    • Periclase group
      • Periclase MgO
      • Manganosite MnO
    • Zincite group


Nickel–Strunz Classification -04- Oxides

IMA-CNMNC proposes a new hierarchical scheme (Mills et al., 2009). This list uses it to modify the Classification of Nickel–Strunz (mindat.org, 10 ed, pending publication).

  • Abbreviations:
    • "*" - discredited (IMA/CNMNC status).
    • "?" - questionable/doubtful (IMA/CNMNC status).
    • "REE" - Rare-earth element (Sc, Y, La, Ce, Pr, Nd, Pm, Sm, Eu, Gd, Tb, Dy, Ho, Er, Tm, Yb, Lu)
    • "PGE" - Platinum-group element (Ru, Rh, Pd, Os, Ir, Pt)
    • 03.C Aluminofluorides, 06 Borates, 08 Vanadates (04.H V[5,6] Vanadates), 09 Silicates:
      • Neso: insular (from Greek νησος nēsos, island)
      • Soro: grouping (from Greek σωροῦ sōros, heap, mound (especially of corn))
      • Cyclo: ring
      • Ino: chain (from Greek ις [genitive: ινος inos], fibre)
      • Phyllo: sheet (from Greek φύλλον phyllon, leaf)
      • Tekto: three-dimensional framework
  • Nickel–Strunz code scheme: NN.XY.##x
    • NN: Nickel–Strunz mineral class number
    • X: Nickel–Strunz mineral division letter
    • Y: Nickel–Strunz mineral family letter
    • ##x: Nickel–Strunz mineral/group number, x add-on letter

Class: oxides

Class: hydroxides

  • 04.F Hydroxides (without V or U)
    • 04.FA Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; corner-sharing tetrahedra: 05a Behoite, 05b Clinobehoite; 10 Sweetite, 10 Wulfingite, 10 Ashoverite
    • 04.FB Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; insular octahedra: 05 Shakhovite; 10 Cualstibite, 10 Zincalstibite
    • 04.FC Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; corner-sharing octahedra: 05 Dzhalindite, 05 Sohngeite, 05 Bernalite; 10 Burtite, 10 Mushistonite, 10 Natanite, 10 Vismirnovite, 10 Schoenfliesite, 10 Wickmanite; 15 Jeanbandyite, 15 Mopungite, 15 Stottite; 15 Tetrawickmanite; 20 Ferronigerite-6N6S, 20 Ferronigerite-2N1S, 20 Magnesionigerite-6N6S, 20 Magnesionigerite-2N1S; 25 Magnesiotaaffeite-6N3S, 25 Magnesiotaaffeite-2N2S, 25 Ferrotaaffeite-6N3S
    • 04.FD Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; chains of edge-sharing octahedra: 05 Spertiniite; 10 Bracewellite, 10 Diaspore, 10 Guyanaite, 10 Groutite, 10 Goethite, 10 Montroseite, 10 Tsumgallite; 15 Manganitev; 20 Cerotungstite-(Ce), 20 Yttrotungstite-(Y), 20 Yttrotungstite-(Ce); 25 Frankhawthorneite; 30 Khinite, 30 Parakhinite
    • 04.FE Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; sheets of edge-sharing octahedra: 05 Amakinite, 05 Brucite, 05 Portlandite, 05 Pyrochroite, 05 Theophrastite, 05 Fougerite; 10 Bayerite, 10 Doyleite, 10 Gibbsite, 10 Nordstrandite; 15 Boehmite, 15 Lepidocrocite; 20 Grimaldiite, 20 Heterogenite-2H, 20 Heterogenite-3R; 25 Feitknechtite, 25 Lithiophorite; 30 Quenselite, 35 Ferrihydrite; 40 Feroxyhyte, 40 Vernadite; 45 Quetzalcoatlite
    • 04.FF Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; various polyhedra: 05 Hydroromarchite
    • 04.FG Hydroxides with OH, without H2O; unclassified: 05 Janggunite, 10 Cesarolite, 15 Kimrobinsonite
    • 04.FH Hydroxides with H2O ± (OH); insular octahedra: 05 Bottinoite, 05 Brandholzite
    • 04.FJ Hydroxides with H2O ± (OH); corner-sharing octahedra: 05 Sidwillite, 05 Meymacite; 10 Tungstite; 15 Ilsemannite, 15 Hydrotungstite; 20 Parabariomicrolite
    • 04.FK Hydroxides with H2O ± (OH); chains of edge-sharing octahedra: 05 Bamfordite
    • 04.FL Hydroxides with H2O ± (OH); sheets of edge-sharing octahedra: 05 Meixnerite, 05 Jamborite, 05 Iowaite, 05 Woodallite, 05 Akdalaite, 05 Muskoxite; 10 Hydrocalumite, 15 Kuzelite; 20 Aurorite, 20 Chalcophanite, 20 Ernienickelite, 20 Jianshuiite; 25 Woodruffite, 30 Asbolane; 40 Takanelite, 40 Rancieite; 45 Birnessite, 55 Cianciulliite, 60 Jensenite, 65 Leisingite, 75 Cafetite, 80 Mourite, 85 Deloryite
    • 04.FM Hydroxides with H2O ± (OH); Unclassified: 15 Franconite, 15 Hochelagaite, 15 Ternovite; 25 Belyankinite, 25 Gerasimovskite, 25 Manganbelyankinite; 30 Silhydrite, 35 Cuzticite, 40 Cyanophyllite
    • 04.FN: 05 Menezesite
  • 04.G Uranyl Hydroxides
  • 04.H V[5,6] Vanadates
    • (moved to -08- Class: vanadates)
  • 04.I Ice group
  • 04.X Unclassified Strunz Oxides (Hydroxides)
    • 04.XX Unknown: 00 Ungursaite*, 00 Scheteligite?

References

  • Palache, Charles, Harry Berman and Clifford Frondel, 1944, The System of Mineralogy, Wiley, 7th ed. Vol. 1, p. 490 ff.
  • Klein, Cornelis and Cornelius S. Hurlbut, Jr., 1985, Manual of Mineralogy, Wiley, 20th ed., pp. 295–318
  • Webmineral Dana Oxides
  • Stuart J. Mills; Frédéric Hatert; Ernest H. Nickel & Giovanni Ferraris (2009). "The standardisation of mineral group hierarchies: application to recent nomenclature proposals" (PDF). Eur. J. Mineral. 21: 1073–1080. doi:10.1127/0935-1221/2009/0021-1994. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-02-17. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  • Nickel, Ernest H.; Nichols, Monte C. (March 2009). "IMA-CNMNC List of Mineral Names" (PDF). IMA-CNMNC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2012-09-11. Retrieved 2011-01-27.
  • Ferraiolo, Jim. "Nickel–Strunz (Version 10) Classification System". webmineral.com.