RedOakVictory-2013-07-20.jpg
Typical Victory ship
History
Name: SS Hobbs Victory
Namesake: Hobbs, New Mexico
Owner: War Shipping Administration
Operator: Sudden & Christenson
Builder: Permanente Metals Yard No. 1, Richmond, California
Laid down: November 10, 1944
Launched: January 9, 1945
Completed: January 9, 1945
Fate: Sank in battle April 6, 1945 Kerama Islands, Okinawa
General characteristics
Type: Victory ship
Displacement: 7725 tons (light displacement)
Length: 139 m (456 ft)
Beam: 18.9 m (62 ft)
Draft: 7 m (23 ft)
Propulsion: Westinghouse steam turbines, single shaft, 8500 horsepower (6.3 MW)
Speed: 17.5 knots (32.4 km/h) maximum sustained, 21 knots (39 km/h) emergency
Range: 12,500 nmi (23,200 km; 14,400 mi) at 12 knots (22 km/h; 14 mph)
Complement:
  • 62 merchant marine and 28 US naval armed guards as Victory ship.
  • 358 officers and men
Armament:
Notes: [1]

SS Hobbs Victory was a cargo Victory ship built for World War II under the Emergency Shipbuilding program. Hobbs Victory, was launched on January 9, 1945 by Permanente Metals Corporation, Richmond, California and completed on January 9, 1945. She was built in just 87 days. She was operated by the Sudden & Christenson for the United States Maritime Commission.[2][3]

Service history

SS Hobbs Victory steamed from San Francisco, California in 1945 to join the Pacific war, stopping at Ulithi Atoll on her way to Okinawa. Hobbs Victory had the job of delivering 6,000 pounds of ammunition for troops in the Pacific during World War II. Hobbs Victory loaded with 6,000 pounds of ammunition and steamed to Okinawa for the Battle of Okinawa that lasted from 1 to 6 April 1945. On April 6, 1945, she was anchored off Kuba Island, just off Tokashiki Island and Aka Island near Okinawa. SS Logan Victory, that was near Hobbs Victory, also loaded with 6,000 pounds of ammunition, was hit and sunk by a kamikaze attack plane that struck her superstructure. So Hobbs Victory steamed away from Logan Victory, at 15 knots. But another kamikaze plane crashed into Hobbs Victory at 6:50 pm. The plane hit her on the port side near the #4 lifeboat on the boat deck. The plane burst into flames and the fire grew. The fire blew up the port boiler, stopping the engine. Some lifeboats were lowered into the sea and the order to abandon ship was given. Due to the flames, some jumped overboard into the sea. A US Navy fireboat fought the flames, but the next morning there was a large ammunition explosion in her cargo and she sank at 26°05′N 125°14′E / 26.083°N 125.233°E / 26.083; 125.233Coordinates: 26°05′N 125°14′E / 26.083°N 125.233°E / 26.083; 125.233. In the plane attack and fire 12 of the crew were killed, 11 of the civilian crew and one armed guard.[4] The US Navy minesweeper USS Success rescued the survivors of Hobbs Victory and later transferred them to the attack transport USS Gosper. In an earlier attack off Kuba Island the Landing Ship, Tank USS LST-447 also sank. SS Pierre Victory was able to shot down one plane and move away from the burning ships. All these ammunition ships: Hobbs Victory, Logan Victory, Pierre Victory and LST-447 were firing their deck guns and were able to stop some of the kamikaze planes attacking. The Victory ships used their 3"/50 caliber guns, 20 mm Oerlikon cannons and at longer ranges the larger the 5 inch guns. The LST also had 20 mm Oerlikon cannons to use against the attackers. These ships with over 18,000 pounds of ammunition were anchored off Kuba Island, so they would not be anchored next to the other fleet ships at Okinawa. They were called in as needed to resupply the fleet and shore troops with ammunition. SS Canada Victory also sank at Okinawa on April 27, 1945.[5][6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14]

The loss of the three Victory ships Logan Victory, Hobbs Victory and Canada Victory, each sunk by kamikaze attacks during the invasion of Okinawa, severely hurt the combat forces during the invasion of Okinawa. The Victory ships were carrying a total of 24,000 tons (54 million pounds) of ammunition. This including most of the 81 mm mortar shells needed for the invasion.

The ammunition ship SS Saginaw Victory arrived April 12, 1945 at Okinawa to replace the ammunition lost on Hobbs Victory, Logan Victory and Canada Victory. More ammunition ships were not needed, as the war came to an end without the invasion of Japan, called Operation Downfall. The other ammunition ship at Okinawa was the SS Berea Victory[15] Hobbs Victory was one of forty-seven ships sunk by kamikaze attack during World War II.[16][17]

Honors

Crew of naval armed guard on SS Hobbs Victory earned "Battle Stars" in World War II for war action during the assault occupation of Okinawa on 6 April 1945. She used her deck guns to defend herself and other ships.[18]

See also

References

  1. ^ Babcock & Wilcox (April 1944). "Victory Ships". Marine Engineering and Shipping Review.
  2. ^ MARINERS THE WEBSITE OF THE MARINERS MAILING LIST
  3. ^ National Parks, Victory ships
  4. ^ Chronological List of U.S. Ships Sunk or Damaged during 1945, Ships sunk or damaged during 1945 -- 182 ships
  5. ^ SS Hobbs Victory
  6. ^ Merchant Marine Survivors of World War II: Oral Histories of Cargo Carrying, By Michael Gillen, page 118
  7. ^ usmm.org, Battle Pacific
  8. ^ The American Victory
  9. ^ Braving the Wartime Seas, By The American Maritime History Project, page 218
  10. ^ MARINERS, THE WEBSITE OF THE MARINERS MAILING LIST
  11. ^ www.hobbshistory.com
  12. ^ Wreck site Hobbs
  13. ^ railsoft, Hobbs Victory
  14. ^ A Cargo Doomed to Boom, by John Laughton
  15. ^ US Navy, Armed Guard Service
  16. ^ "kamikaze Attackes".
  17. ^ "47 Ships Sunk by Kamikaze Aircraft".
  18. ^ "Battle Stars" in World War II.

Sources

  • Sawyer, L.A. and W.H. Mitchell. Victory ships and tankers: The history of the ‘Victory’ type cargo ships and of the tankers built in the United States of America during World War II, Cornell Maritime Press, 1974, 0-87033-182-5.
  • United States Maritime Commission: [1]
  • Victory Cargo Ships [2]