Thales Alenia Space

Summary

Thales Alenia Space (/ˈθɑːlɛz/) is a joint venture between the French technology corporation Thales Group (67%) and Italian defense conglomerate Leonardo (33%). The company is headquartered in Cannes, France.

Thales Alenia Space
IndustryAerospace
PredecessorAlcatel Alenia Space
Founded2007; 17 years ago (2007)
HeadquartersCannes, France
Key people
Hervé Derrey, President and CEO
Consolidated revenues €2.2 billion (2022)[1]
Number of employees
8,500 (2022)
ParentThales Group (67%)
Leonardo (33%)
Websitehttps://www.thalesaleniaspace.com/en/

It provides space-based systems, including satellites and ground segments, used for telecommunications, navigation, earth observation, space exploration and scientific purposes.[1] The company is the second largest industrial participant in the International Space Station (ISS), having produced numerous pressurized modules for the European Space Agency (ESA) including the Cupola, the node modules, Harmony and Tranquility, or the structure of the Columbus laboratory. It is a key contributor to Galileo, a European global satellite navigation system, being responsible for the ground segment in particular. In 2021, the company was also awarded a contract by the European Space Agency (ESA) and the European Commission to build 6 of the 12 new Galileo Second Generation satellites.[2] The company is also an important industrial partner towards development of the Lunar Gateway.[3]

Thales Alenia Space has 17 industrial plants in Europe as well a joint venture in the United States, Leostella. This JV with the Seattle-based company, BlackSky Global, is mostly dedicated to the development of the BlackSky Pathfinder-1 high revisit optical constellation.

History

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Thales Alenia Space arose as a result of the French defense electronics specialist Thales Group deciding to buy out the participation of Alcatel in two joint-ventures between France's Alcatel and Italy's Finmeccanica, Alcatel Alenia Space and Telespazio.[4] Accordingly, on 1 June 2005, Alcatel Alenia Space was established by the merger of Alcatel Space and Alenia Spazio; it was initially owned by Alcatel-Lucent (67%) and Finmeccanica (33%). The creation of the company was concurrent with the creation of Telespazio Holding; this too was a merger of Finmeccanica and Alcatel businesses (Telespazio and Alcatel's Space Services and Operations respectively).[5][6]

On 5 April 2006, Alcatel announced that it intended to sell its share in Alcatel Alenia Space (and its 33% stake in Telespazio) to Thales Group.[7] On 10 April 2007, the European Union, which had performed an in-depth investigation into the proposed transaction over its potential impact on market competition, gave its approval for the transference to proceed.[8][9] That same day, a Thales Group press release hailed the creation of a new space alliance between itself and Finmeccanica.[10]

According to a statement by Thales UK chief executive Alex Dorrian issued during 2007, Thales Alenia Space has actively sought out opportunities for both partnership and acquisition amongst other space enterprises.[11] In December 2007, it was announced that Thales Alenia Space and Russian satellite specialist NPO PM have agreed to develop the new Express-4000 multi-mission satellite bus, which incorporates Russian equipment with a Thales-built payload.[12] Since then, Thales Alenia Space has developed subcontracting relationships with North American aerospace companies, including Ball Aerospace[13] and Boeing.[14]

Activities

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Thales Alenia Space is a major European satellite specialist. These satellites range in purpose, from telecommunications to navigation, Earth observation and space exploration, including science and orbital infrastructures. Since 2007, the company has been regarded as the largest satellite manufacturer, in both the civilian and military sectors, in Europe.[15][11]

In the mid-1990s, the United States stopped issuing export licenses for satellite components that will be launched on Chinese rockets, fearing that such launches would help China's military. In response, Thales Alenia developed a line of ITAR-free satellites that contained no restricted U.S. components. Between 2005 and 2012, numerous ITAR-free satellites, such as Apstar 6,[16] Chinasat-6B, and Apstar 7, were launched on Chinese Long March launch vehicles.[17][18] However, the United States Department of State disputed the ITAR-free status of these satellites, issuing a US$8 million fine to the American company Aeroflex for selling ITAR components. During 2013, Thales Alenia decided to discontinue its ITAR-free satellite line.[19]

A major proportion of Thales Alenia Space's business is centered around the production of communications satellites, in which it is a world leader.[15][20] During 2010, Thales Alenia Space received a US$2.9 billion fixed-price contract to manufacture a total of 81 satellites for Iridium Communications' NEXT satellite telephony network.[21] It is also engaged in producing a separate batch of 24 satellites for Globalstar's second generation network.[15] The company is also responsible for producing 6 satellites for Galileo second generation,[2] a European global satellite navigation system (GSNS).[15][22]

The company constructed the Multi-Purpose Logistics Modules, which were used to transport cargo inside the Space Shuttle orbiters. Thales Alenia Space also built several modules for the International Space Station (ISS): the Cupola, the Columbus structure, Harmony, Tranquility and Leonardo.[5] After the American aerospace corporation Boeing, Thales Alenia Space was the second largest industrial provider to the ISS.[15] It also built the pressure vessels for the Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) and Cygnus spacecraft.[5] During the 2010s, Thales Alenia Space manufactured the Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle (IXV),[23] a prototype suborbital spaceplane intended to validate work towards reusable launcher systems, acting as a stepping stone towards the Programme for Reusable In-orbit Demonstrator in Europe (PRIDE program) and the consequential Space Rider that harnesses IPX technology.[24][25] It has also engaged with other space exploration efforts, such as proposed lunar cargo landing vehicle.[26]

Since then, working with Avio, the company will build ESA's Space Rider reusable autonomous space transportation system, which draws on the heritage of the IXV demonstrator.[27] The company will also be a key European partner onboard NASA's Artemis, aiming to bring physically astronauts back to the Moon in 2025. Thales Alenia Space will provide in particular three key modules for the Lunar Gateway[28] space station. It will also deliver two pressurized modules for the Axiom commercial space station. Furthermore, Thales Alenia Space is developing a new line of on-orbit servicing spacecraft, capable of carrying out a wide range of operations in orbit, from satellite inspection and life extension, to robotic manipulation and deorbiting space debris.[29] The company has also taken part to international space exploration missions across the Solar System such as Cassini-Huygens (Saturn exploration),[30] ExoMars[31] (Mars), BepiColombo[32] (Mercury), Solar Orbiter[33][34][35](Sun), NASA’ Orion probe (lunar exploration, part NASA's ARTEMIS), and many more. The company is also prime contractor for Euclid, ESA's science mission aimed to study the universe's dark matter and dark energy.

In the fields of telecommunications, Thales Alenia Space has launched 2 major product lines over the last 2 decades, dubbed Spacebus Neo and Space Inspire. Both based on platforms including electrical propulsion systems.[36][37] Spacebus NEO is used for very high throughput satellites, helping bridge the digital divide across the globe. In 2022, EUTELSAT KONNECT VHTS satellite, for telecommunications operator Eutelsat, was successfully launched by Arianespace.[38] Built by Thales Alenia Space, this Spacebus NEO satellite was said to be the most powerful and capacitive one ever built in Europe at that time. Its mission is to provide fiber-like high speed Internet over Europe, especially in isolated areas, called white zones. The launch of the second product line, Space Inspire, was announced in 2019. It is a compact and fully-digitalized solution that can be reconfigured in orbit. It will enable telecommunications operators to dynamically allocate capacity where and when needed, in any bandwidth. The company has been leading the geostationary telecommunications market in 2021 and in 2022, winning 60% of telecom satellites contracts available on the open market in 2022. The same year the company was awarded several contracts for 6 telecommunications satellites, including 5 based on its Space Inspire solution.[39]

The company is also a lead player in Europe's Copernicus program, fully dedicated to environmental monitoring.[40][41] In 2020, Thales Alenia Space was awarded five contracts for the six new Copernicus Expansion missions, as prime contractor for the CIMR,[40] ROSE-L[42] and CHIME[40] satellites, and supplier of the CRISTAL[43] and CO2M mission payloads. These new satellites will be used to measure the atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2)[44] produced by human activity, monitor sea ice thickness and overlying snow depth, provide improved services for sustainable agriculture and biodiversity management, observe ocean behavior, and support precision agriculture and food security. The company has been the industrial prime contractor for 3 generations of Meteosat European weather satellites.[45] Third generation MTG, Meteosat Third Generation, is still under development. This latest generation will include 6 satellites: 4 imaging ones and 2 atmospheric sounders. The first MTG imaging satellite, dubbed MTG-I1, was successfully launched by Arianespace late 2022.[46] A few days after, it was the turn of SWOT oceanography satellite to be successfully orbited by SpaceX. Mostly built by Thales Alenia Space with contributions from NASA's Jet Propulsion Laboratory, the French-U.S. satellite, produced for French Space Agency, CNES, and NASA, is set to revolutionize oceanography and hydrology.[47]

In the defense sector, a number of countries have chosen Thales Alenia Space for their military or dual telecommunications systems, providing front-line support for their armed forces in any theater of operations. In the market for space-based surveillance systems, Thales Alenia Space offers high and very-high resolution optical and radar payloads. The company is involved in numerous programs such as French Syracuse military satellites, Italian SICRAL,[48] and many more.

Thales Alenia Space is also the exclusive supplier of very-high-resolution optical instruments for French intelligence satellites, including the optical payloads on Helios, Pleiades and CSO.[49][50] Through the LeoStella joint venture in the United States, a JV between Thales Alenia Space and US-based company BlackSky, the company is also contributing to the BlackSky constellation, which will include 60 optical observation satellites featuring submetric resolution and very high revisit rates.[51] The company is also the industrial prime contractor for the two generations of COSMO-SkyMed radar satellites for the Italian space agency and defense ministry.[52]

Locations

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In 2021, Thales Alenia Space had 8,000 employees operating in 17 industrial sites located in nine European countries (France, Italy, Spain, Belgium, United Kingdom, Germany, Switzerland, Poland, Luxembourg):

Executive Board

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Current CEO is Hervé Derrey since February 2020, replacing Jean-Loïc Galle.[53]

See also

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References

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  1. ^ a b "Space for Life". Thales Group. Retrieved 25 April 2020.
  2. ^ a b "Galileo Second Generation (G2)". www.eoportal.org. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  3. ^ Zamora, Briana R.; NASA (13 May 2024). "Forward Progress on Gateway, Humanity's First Lunar Space Station". SciTechDaily. Retrieved 15 May 2024.
  4. ^ "Alcatel and Finmeccanica finalize the creation of new joint ventures and announce nominations" (Press release). Alcatel. 1 July 2005. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012.
  5. ^ a b c Montrasio, Simone (24 July 2016). "Nuovi Cygnus PCM ordinati alla Thales Alenia Space di Torino". astronautinews.it.
  6. ^ Coppinger, Rob (9 November 2007). "Alcatel's path to Thales". Flight International.
  7. ^ "Alcatel pursues the transfer of its satellite activities and critical systems for security to Thales" (Press release). Alcatel. 5 April 2006. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012.
  8. ^ Coppinger, Rob (4 April 2007). "European Commission approves Thales take over of Alcatel's share of Alenia Space and Telespazio". Flight International.
  9. ^ "Alcatel-Lucent cleared by the EU to transfer its space assets to Thales" (Press release). Thales Alenia Space. 10 April 2007. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012.
  10. ^ "Creation of the New Space Alliance between Thales and Finmeccanica" (Press release). Thales Alenia Space. 10 April 2007. Archived from the original on 24 February 2012.
  11. ^ a b Turner, Aimée (31 August 2007). "Thales has eyes on UK space sector". Flight International.
  12. ^ Coppinger, Rob (14 December 2017). "Thales makes strategic partnership with NPO PM". Flight International.
  13. ^ Ferster, Warren (27 October 2009). "Ball Joins Thales Alenia Space's Iridium Next Team". SpaceNews. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  14. ^ Putrich, Gayle (24 June 2010). "SpaceX seals biggest-ever commercial launch deal". Flight International.
  15. ^ a b c d e "Exhibitor Spotlight: Thales Alenia Space". Space Tech Expo. 24 November 2016.
  16. ^ Harvey, Brian (2013). China in Space: The Great Leap Forward. New York: Springer. pp. 160–162. ISBN 9781461450436.
  17. ^ "China launches satellite despite restrictions". USA TODAY. 6 July 2007. Retrieved 11 May 2010.
  18. ^ Coppinger, Rob (24 August 2007). "Watch this space". Flight International.
  19. ^ Ferster, Warren (5 September 2013). "U.S. Satellite Component Maker Fined $8 Million for ITAR Violations". SpaceNews.
  20. ^ Coppinger, Rob (20 June 2007). "Thales Alenia Space leads Paris space pack". Flight International.
  21. ^ Kirby, Mary (3 June 2010). "Iridium's NEXT plan progresses with Thales Alenia Space deal". Flight International.
  22. ^ Gubisch, Michael (9 March 2018). "Thales to develop dual GPS/Galileo satellite navigation system". Flight International.
  23. ^ Rosenberg, Zach (22 June 2011). "PARIS: ESA signs IXV construction contract". Flight International.
  24. ^ Space Rider PRIDE Italian Aerospace Research Centre Accessed: 15 November 2018
  25. ^ "ESA experimental spaceplane completes research flight". ESA. 11 February 2015. ESA's Intermediate eXperimental Vehicle flew a flawless reentry and splashed down in the Pacific Ocean just west of the Galapagos islands.
  26. ^ Coppinger, Rob (5 June 2009). "Europe looks beyond just science". Flight International.
  27. ^ "ESA signs contracts for reusable Space Rider up to maiden flight". www.esa.int. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  28. ^ "Italy to make 2 moon station modules - English". ANSA.it. 14 October 2020. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  29. ^ "On-Orbit servicing". eross-h2020.eu. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  30. ^ "ESA Science & Technology - Huygens". sci.esa.int. Retrieved 6 August 2023.
  31. ^ "ESA e Thales Alenia Space Italia ancora insieme per la missione ExoMars". www.esa.int. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  32. ^ "ESA Science & Technology - #13: BepiColombo integration and functional testing completed at Thales Alenia Space in Turin". sci.esa.int. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  33. ^ "Liftoff for ESA's Solar Orbiter – Europe's eyes on the Sun". Thales Group. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  34. ^ massimo (10 December 2019). "Solar Orbiter, the European probe that will make a CT scan of the Sun. | Osservatorio Astrofisico di Torino". Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  35. ^ "Solar Orbiter Mission Development". www.eoportal.org. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  36. ^ "Overview". www.esa.int. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  37. ^ "New partnership to inspire competitive innovation". www.esa.int. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  38. ^ "Ariane 5 successfully launches the innovative EUTELSAT KONNECT VHTS satellite". Arianespace. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  39. ^ "Thales Alenia Space to build state-of-the-art Intelsat 41 and Intelsat 44". Thales Group. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  40. ^ a b c "Contracts signed for three high-priority environmental missions". www.esa.int. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  41. ^ "Contracts awarded for development of six new Copernicus missions". www.esa.int. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  42. ^ "Contract signed for new Copernicus ROSE-L mission". www.esa.int. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  43. ^ "Plans underway for new polar ice and snow topography mission". www.esa.int. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  44. ^ "Contract signed to build Europe's carbon dioxide monitoring mission". www.esa.int. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  45. ^ "A new generation of meteorological satellites". www.esa.int. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  46. ^ "Ariane 5 successfully launches MTG-I1 satellite for EUMETSAT and two Galaxy satellites for Intelsat". Arianespace. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  47. ^ "SWOT Solar Panels Deploy at Thales Alenia Space Facility in France". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). 18 October 2022. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  48. ^ "SICRAL". www.telespazio.com (in Italian). Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  49. ^ "Pleiades-HR (High-Resolution Optical Imaging Constellation of CNES)". www.eoportal.org. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  50. ^ "Thales successfully launches CSO-2 satellite into orbit". SatellitePro ME. 31 December 2020. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  51. ^ Walsh, James (14 March 2018). "Thales and Spaceflight Create LeoStella to Manufacture Smallsats - Via Satellite -". Via Satellite. Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  52. ^ "COSMO-SkyMed". ASI (in Italian). Retrieved 11 April 2023.
  53. ^ "Thales Alenia Space Will Build Ses-22 and Ses-23 Satellites". WebWire. Retrieved 2 November 2020.
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