Good Morning Readers,
I hope you all woke up on the right side of the bed this morning because it's time for a history lesson! (Just an FYI, none of the information I am about to tell you comes off the top of my head. I had to research all of this! haha). Let's start with coffee itself was discovered.
All the way back in the 11th century, a few Ethiopian folks came across a white blossoming plant that they weren't familiar with. As anti-climactic as this is, that's the discovery of the coffee plant! sometime between the year 1000 and 1100.
Now, there are a couple of different legends about how coffee went from fruit to cup for the first time, but here's one that seems relatively likely.
"The story goes that that Kaldi discovered coffee after he noticed that after eating the berries from a certain tree, his goats became so energetic that they did not want to sleep at night.
Kaldi reported his findings to the abbot of the local monastery, who made a drink with the berries and found that it kept him alert through the long hours of evening prayer. The abbot shared his discovery with the other monks at the monastery, and knowledge of the energizing berries began to spread.
As word moved east and coffee reached the Arabian peninsula, it began a journey which would bring these beans across the globe." (Original Post)
There is definitely much more to share about the history of coffee itself, but I don't want to go too off track here. Let's dive a little bit into the history of the many different brewing methods of coffee. If I miss one or two, feel free to add them below in the comments!
Starting off with my personal favorite, the pour-over. The pour-over process was created in 1908 by a woman named Melitta Bentz along with the creation of the paper filter that was to be used. Many believe that Melitta was the single most influential person in the popularization of pour-over coffee.
Pour-over is a method with a brew time of around 3 minutes depending on the filter and amount of coffee and water you're using. It focuses on pouring water just below 200 degrees over medium-fine ground coffee beans and dripping through the filter into a carafe. This form of coffee lost a bit of popularity in the mid to late 1900's due to the increased popularity of electronic coffee drippers but has begun to explode in popularity among the younger crowd in the past ten years.
The French press, often referred to as the coffee plunger, was patented a couple of decades later than the pour-over by an Italian designer named Attilio Calimani back in 1929. The first design, however, may have been created in France. Since it's original design, the French Press has undergone major changes numerous times and today takes the form that most of us are quite familiar with.
The French Press method focuses on steeping coarsely ground coffee beans in hot water for around four minutes before pressing the grounds down and pouring the remaining coffee. The French Press brew method is known for the strong and full-bodied cup of coffee that it produces. The liquid is often accompanied by a bit of silt, (A combination of tiny, tiny grounds, and the oils of the coffee bean), at the bottom of the cup due to the metal filter. Many people love this addition, some not so much. One of the pros of French Press coffee is that it is often one of the cheapest methods of brewing coffee due to the fact that the only piece of gear you need is the French Press itself.
Although coffee has been around for what seems like forever, new innovations are still sprouting up rather regularly. The Aeropress method of brewing is one that not many people are familiar with because of its recent conception and growth in popularity. The Aeropress was invented in 2005 by Aerobie company president, Alan Adler. Natively, the Aeropress was created to work with paper filters to achieve a taste similar to that of pour-over coffee or espresso strength Jo, depending on what you're going for. while maintaining the simplicity factor that you'd find in a French Press brew method. Contrary to the French Press though, the Aeropress steeps grounds in water for only 10-50 seconds, then proceeds to push the water out of the grounds through a paper filter (Metal filters are now being made). A big reason for the recent popularity of this device is the ease of use as well as it's portability. It has become a staple for those who enjoy specialty coffee but often find themselves atop mountains and immersed in nature. The sheer portability and durability of this device capture many of its customers.
Espresso is a method of brewing that has been around for quite a while and encompasses many different coffee drinks. All Lattes, cappuccinos, and Macchiatos are based around the single or double espresso shot. The Espresso Machine was invented in 1884 by an Italian man named Angelo Moriondo. Its original purpose was to speed up the process of coffee brewing as in those days, it took at least 5 minutes to conjure a cup. There isn't any record of Moriondo's work aside from the physical patent of his machine. Two men later improved upon his invention and made it single serve like espresso is today. The concept of Espresso is essentially the combination of water and steam for brewing coffee. Finely ground coffee is placed and tamped onto a metal filter, where hot water and steam is pushed through at a high pressure. This results in a strong, thick, and somewhat creamy espresso shot! The addition of milk or water in several different fashions will leave you with a Latte, Cappuccino, Macchiato, Americano, or several other popular coffee drinks.
(I don't have a ton of experience with making Espresso based drinks so take this recommendation with a grain of salt!)
I urge you to keep in mind that I've probably missed some of your favorite brewing methods but I tried to include what I feel are the most popular and favorite brewing methods especially among people in my area. If you feel that I've missed an important one or my information is incorrect, feel free to leave a comment below and changes will be made! Nonetheless, Thank you all for reading, and I hope you have a wonderful rest of your week! Be sure to come back next Thursday for more things Coffee!
- Tyler Greene