Breast cancer is a type of cancer in which cancer tumor starts to grow out of control in the breast. The breast has three main parts: duct tubes, lobules, and connective tissue. The lobules are the glands that produce milk. The duct tubes carry milk to the nipple. The connective tissue support and hold everything in the breast. Breast cancer can start with any part of the breast. Most of the breast cancer starts with lobules and duct tubes.
General Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Lump in the breast is a common symptom in breast cancer. But there are other symptoms for the breast cancer which is as follows:
· Lump in the breast or underarm
· Change in breast skin's texture
· Nipple discharge
· Breast skin dimpling or Irritation
· Breast or nipple pain
· Nipple retraction or inversion
· Redness on the breast
· Swelling in the breast
· The drastic change in size or shape of the breast
· Nipple discharge
According to Dr. Sandeep Nayak one of the best oncologist in India, “When any lump or swelling is growing painlessly, the very absence of pain should make you consider cancer.” You must consult your doctor immediately in case of such changes that you notice.
Preventions for breast cancer
1. Breast Self Examination
Every woman should do a self-breast examination to prevent breast cancer. The early detection of breast cancer can cure cancer completely.
There are 5 simple steps for the self-breast examination given by some of the best cancer specialists :
Step 1- Examine your breast in the shower.
Step 2- Examine breast in front of the mirror with your arm down, up and on the hip.
Step 3- Stand and press your finger around the breast in a circular way.
Step 4- Lie down and repeat step 3.
Step 5- Sometimes squeeze your nipple to check for unusual discharge and check the armpit carefully.
The self-examination should be done once a month only. An ideal day for self-examination would be the seventh day after your menstrual period. Menopausal women can choose any day.
Some important tips provided by cancer specialists for preventing breast cancer are as follows.
2. Healthy diet
There are no specific foods that prevent breast cancer. Some foods can help to cut the risk of breast cancer. There should be an intake of fresh fruits and vegetables in the daily diet. For drinks add pomegranate juice and green tea in a diet for better weight management. It is important to keep up a healthy weight for everyone. The overweight of a woman increases the risk of breast cancer, especially after menopause.
3. Daily exercises
Exercises are an important aspect of healthy living. The women who do exercises at least 30 minutes a day have a lower risk of breast cancer. Daily exercise is the best way to keep a healthy weight. Light exercises like yoga and meditation to keep physical and mental health in proper condition.
4. Limit the intake of alcohol and stop smoking
Try to take a moderate level of alcohol. The excessive drinking of alcohol can increases the risk of cancer. Smoking is dangerous to health. Smoking can increase the risk of breast cancer.
5. Family history
It is important to know family history for women. Women with cancer family history should take special care to protect from cancer. The risk of breast cancer gets high if you have a mother or sister who developed breast cancer. Dr. Sandeep Nayak, renowned cancer specialist in Bangalore, suggests a visit to the hospital to understand your family history for cancer. There are genetic tests available that can help you identify if cancer can be hereditary in your family.
6. Breast Feeding
Research has shown that women who breastfeed have less risk of breast cancer than those who don’t. Breastfeeding should be done for a total of one year or more that lowers the risk of breast cancer.
Stages and treatments for breast cancer
The stages of breast cancer can be identified by the place, size, and tumor that has spread to the nearby organs. The doctor uses the TNM staging system to find the stage of cancer.
Stage 0 breast cancer is only in the ducts of breast tissues and not spread around the breast tissues. In this stage, this type of cancer is mostly curable. The removal of the affected part of the breast can cure cancer completely. There is no need for further treatment after removing the tumor from the breast.
In stage I, the tumor is less than 2cm. The tumor is not spread to lymph nodes or other organs. This stage of cancer is curable.
The first surgery is used for the removal of the tumor. After the surgery, radiation therapy is also used to reduce the chances of cancer from coming back. Dr. Sandeep Nayak suggests even chemotherapy to reduce the risk of recurrence.
In stage II, the tumor size is up to 5 cm. The tumor is spread to lymph nodes, but not to other organs. The many cases are curable in this stage.
Treatment for this stage is chemotherapy to reduce the size of the tumor. Then the surgery takes place to remove the affected area.
In this stage, the tumor size is more than 5 cm. the tumor is spread to breast areas. The cancer cells are not spread outside the breast area or any other nearby organs.
After the treatment, the recurrence of a tumor may happen. In this stage, the surgery is used to remove the affected breast. The breast can be reconstructed after some time of the surgery.
In this stage, the cancer tumors are spread across the breast area and nearby organs. This stage of cancer is not usually curable. Surgery is performed only to give the quality of life to the patient.
In all of the above stages, the surgeries take place to remove the tumor from the breast. Minimal Invasive Breast Surgery (MIBS) is an advanced and latest technique for treating breast cancer. Robotic surgery is one type of minimally invasive surgery.