Askim

Summary

Askim (pronunciation) is a town and a former municipality in (from January 1, 2020) Indre Østfold Kommune in the former county of Østfold county (from January 1, 2020 a part of Viken county), Norway.

Askim kommune
Coat of arms of Askim kommune
Official logo of Askim kommune
Askim within Østfold
Askim within Østfold
Coordinates: 59°35′10″N 11°10′12″E / 59.58611°N 11.17000°E / 59.58611; 11.17000Coordinates: 59°35′10″N 11°10′12″E / 59.58611°N 11.17000°E / 59.58611; 11.17000
CountryNorway
CountyØstfold
DistrictSmaalenene
Administrative centreAskim
Government
 • Mayor (2011)Thor Hals (H)
Area
 • Total69 km2 (27 sq mi)
 • Land66 km2 (25 sq mi)
 • Rank#409 in Norway
Population
 (30. June 2014)
 • Total15,511[1]
 • Rank#71 in Norway
 • Density225/km2 (580/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years)
Increase +9%
Demonym(s)Askiming[2]
Official language
 • Norwegian formBokmål
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-0124
WebsiteOfficial website
Data from Statistics Norway

The administrative centre of the Askim municipality was the town of Askim. Askim was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt).

Askim is the largest population centre in the Indre Østfold region, with 15,315 inhabitants as of 2012, and serves as a regional center for nine municipalities in the Indre Østfold region. It lies next to the longest river in Norway, Glomma, which forms the border with the former Spydeberg municipality to the north and west, and Skiptvet municipality to the south. Askim also borders to the former Trøgstad municipality to the northeast and the former Eidsberg municipality to the southeast.

Askim produces large amounts of hydroelectricity at three dams / hydroelectric power plants in the river Glomma. From upstream to downstream: Solbergfoss, Kykkelsrud, then Vamma.

There was nickel mining at Kykkelsrud at the turn of the 20th century. These mines are also one of the few places where "Spheroidal Norite" ("Potato Stone") is found.

Askim has been an industrial city for most of the 20th century. The main employer, Viking Gummi (producing rubber products like boots and tyres etc.), shut down their rubber product production in 1991 after being taken over by the Continental Tyres owned swedish Gislaved Tyres.

Glava was the main employer by the 2010s, making glass cotton insulation etc.

HistoryEdit

Askim has always been a strategic point in wars due to its relative easy crossing of the river. The last battle between Norway and Sweden was fought at the crossing over Glomma on 9 August 1814. There is a yearly historical reenactment, as well as a stone monument at Langnes to commemorate this event.

During the Norwegian Campaign of World War II, a battle occurred at Fossum Bridge when the Norwegian Army defended the crossing against invading Germans in April 1940.

NameEdit

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Askim farm (Old Norse: Askheimr), since the first church was built here. The first element is askr which means "ash tree" and the last element is heimr which means "home", "homestead", or "farm".

Coat-of-armsEdit

The coat-of-arms is from modern times. They were granted on 1 November 1963. The arms symbolize the three large waterfalls in the municipality, the Solbergfoss, Kykkelsrudfoss, and Vammafoss. The rivers and waterfalls are also partially harnessed for hydroelectric power.[4]

TransportationEdit

European route E18 used to go through the city centre, however, since the upgrade to four-lane highway in 2005, its route now runs outside the centre. Vy's Eastern Østfold Line serves the municipality with stops at Langnes Station and Næringsparken and Askim Station in between.

GovernmentEdit

The municipal council runs the government of Askim. The 2007 election results are as follows:[5]

Number of minorities (1st and 2nd generation) in Askim by country of origin in 2015[6]
Ancestry Number
  Poland 399
  Iraq 312
  Vietnam 288
  Bosnia-Herzegovina 163
  Philippines 140
  Somalia 131
  Kosovo 126
  Lithuania 123
  Syria 118
  Croatia 113

AttractionsEdit

Twin towns — sister citiesEdit

The following cities are twinned with Askim:[7]

Notable peopleEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2013-12-23.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet.
  3. ^ "Forskrift om målvedtak i kommunar og fylkeskommunar" (in Norwegian). Lovdata.no.
  4. ^ Norske Kommunevåpen (1990). "Nye kommunevåbener i Norden". Retrieved 2008-12-13.
  5. ^ Norwegian Government. "2007 Askim election results" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2008-06-04.
  6. ^ "Immigrants and Norwegian-born to immigrant parents, by immigration category, country background and percentages of the population". ssb.no. Archived from the original on 2 July 2015. Retrieved 29 June 2015.
  7. ^ "Askims vennskapskommuner" (in Norwegian). Askim kommune. Archived from the original on 2011-10-05. Retrieved 2008-12-16.

External linksEdit