Marshal of the Soviet Union

Summary

Marshal of the Soviet Union
Маршал Советского Союза
Rank insignia of маршал Советского Союза.svg
Uniform shoulder strap (1955–1990)
Marshal-Star big1.jpg
Country Soviet Union
Service branch Soviet Army
RankGeneral officer
NATO rank codeOF-10
Formation22 September 1935
AbolishedDecember 1991
Next higher rankGeneralissimus of the Soviet Union
Next lower rankChief marshal of the branch
Equivalent ranksAdmiral of the fleet of the Soviet Union
Rank insignias of Marshal of the Soviet Union
Gorget patch
1935–40
Gorget patch
1940–43
Sleeve chevron
1940–43
Shoulder board
1943–55
Peaked cap
1943–91

Marshal of the Soviet Union (Russian: Маршал Советского Союза, pronounced [ˈmarʂəl sɐˈvʲetskəvə sɐˈjuzə]) was the highest military rank of the Soviet Union.

The rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union was created in 1935 and abolished in 1991. Forty-one people held this rank. The equivalent naval rank was until 1955 admiral of the fleet and from 1955 Admiral of the Fleet of the Soviet Union. Both ranks were comparable to NATO rank codes OF-10.

While the supreme rank of Generalissimus of the Soviet Union, which would have been senior to Marshal of the Soviet Union, was proposed for Joseph Stalin after the Second World War, it was never officially approved.

History of the rank

The first five marshals of the Soviet Union from left to right: Tukhachevsky, Budyonny, Voroshilov, Blyukher, and Yegorov. Only Budyonny and Voroshilov would survive the Great Purge.

The military rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union was established by a decree of the Soviet Cabinet, the Council of People's Commissars (Sovnarkom), on 22 September 1935. On 20 November, the rank was conferred on five people: People's Commissar of Defence and veteran Bolshevik Kliment Voroshilov, Chief of the General Staff of the Red Army Alexander Yegorov, and three senior commanders, Vasily Blyukher, Semyon Budyonny, and Mikhail Tukhachevsky.

Of these, Blyukher, Tukhachevsky, and Yegorov were executed during Stalin's Great Purge of 1937–38. On 7 May 1940, three new Marshals were appointed: the new People's Commissar of Defence, Semyon Timoshenko, Boris Shaposhnikov, and Grigory Kulik.

During World War II, Kulik was demoted for incompetence, and the rank of Marshal of the Soviet Union was given to a number of military commanders who earned it on merit. These included Georgy Zhukov, Ivan Konev and Konstantin Rokossovsky to name a few. In 1943, Stalin himself was made a Marshal of the Soviet Union, and in 1945, he was joined by his intelligence and police chief Lavrenti Beria. These non-military Marshals were joined in 1947 by politician Nikolai Bulganin.

Two Marshals were executed in postwar purges: Kulik in 1950 and Beria in 1953, following Stalin's death. Thereafter the rank was awarded only to professional soldiers, with the exception of Leonid Brezhnev, who made himself a Marshal in 1976, and Dmitry Ustinov, who was prominent in the arms industry and was appointed Defence Minister in July 1976. The last Marshal of the Soviet Union was Dmitry Yazov, appointed in 1990, who was imprisoned after the failed coup against Mikhail Gorbachev in 1991. Marshal Sergei Akhromeev committed suicide in 1991 during the fall of the Soviet Union.

The Marshals fell into three generational groups.

  • Those who had gained their reputations during the Russian Civil War. These included both those who were purged in 1937–38 (Blyukher, Tukhachevsky, and Yegorov), and those who held high commands in the early years of World War II (Budyonny, Kulik, Shaposhnikov, Timoshenko and Voroshilov). All of the latter except Shaposhnikov and Timoshenko proved out-of-step with modern warfare and were removed from commanding positions.
  • Those who made their reputations in World War II and assumed high commands in the latter part of the war. These included Zhukov, Vasilievsky, Konev, Rokossovsky, Malinovsky, Tolbukhin, Govorov, Meretskov and Sokolovsky.
  • Those who assumed high command in the Cold War era. All of these were officers in World War II, but their higher commands were held in the Warsaw Pact or as Soviet Defence Ministers. These included Grechko, Yakubovsky, Kulikov, Ogarkov, Akhromeev, and Yazov.

All Marshals in the third category had been officers in World War II, except Ustinov, who had been People's Commissar for Armaments. Even Yazov, who was 20 when the war ended, had been a platoon commander. Brezhnev was not a professional soldier, but was still commissioned as a political commissar in the war.

Of the 35 Marshals who were career soldiers, the majority were of Russian origin. Timoshenko (Tymoshenko), Kulik (Kulyk), Grechko (Hrechko), Yeremenko (Yeryomenko), Moskalenko, Batitsky (Batytsʹkyy) and Koshevoy (Koshovyy) were of Ukrainian origin, while Sokolovsky (Sakaloŭski) and Yakubovsky (Jakuboŭski) had Belarusian origins. Rokossovsky (Rokossowski) was born in Congress Poland to a Polish family, while Malinovsky (Malinowsky) was born in Odessa (now in Ukraine) to a Polish father. Bagramyan (Baghramyan) was the sole marshal of Armenian origin.

The rank was abolished with the dissolution of the Soviet Union in December 1991. It was succeeded in the new Russia by the rank of Marshal of the Russian Federation, which has been held by only one person, Marshal Igor Sergeyev, who was Russian Defence Minister from 1997 to 2001.

After the death of Marshal Yazov in 2020 there were no living Marshals of the Soviet Union.

Sequence of ranks
lower rank:
Army General
(Генерал армии)
Red Army Badge.svg
Marshal of the Soviet Union
(Маршал Советского Союза)
Higher rank:
Generalissimus of the Soviet Union
(highest)
Chief marshal of the branch
(Главный ма́ршал ро́да во́йск)

List of Marshals of the Soviet Union

Note: All Marshals of the Soviet Union, with the exception of non-military Marshals, had at least started their military careers in the Army. The service branches listed are the services they served in during their respective tenures as Marshals of the Soviet Union.

Name
and lifespan
Portrait Date promoted Positions[a] Awards Service branch
or
Background
Appointed by
Kliment Voroshilov
(1881–1969)
Kliment Voroshilov.jpg 20 November 1935[1]
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Hero of Socialist Labor medal.svg Hero of Socialist Labour
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (8)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (6)
Coat of arms of the Soviet Union (1923–1936).svg

Political
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Stalin
Mikhail Tukhachevsky
(1893–1937)
Mikhail Tukhachevsky.jpg 20 November 1935
  • Technology and Armament Chief, Red Army/People's Deputy Commissar for War (1931–1936)
  • First Deputy People's Commissar for Defence/Inspector of Military Training (1936–1937)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Alexander Yegorov
(1883–1939)
Александр Егоров.jpg 20 November 1935
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (4)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Semyon Budyonny
(1883–1973)
Будённый 1943 (cropped).jpg 20 November 1935
  • Inspector of Cavalry, Red Army (1923–1937)
  • Commander, Moscow Military District (1937–1939)
  • Deputy People's Commissar for Defence (1940–1941)
  • Commander-in-Chief, Southwestern Direction (1941)
  • Commander, Reserve Front (1941)
  • Commander-in-Chief, North Caucasus Direction (1942)
  • Commander, North Caucasus Front (1942)
  • Inspector of Cavalry, Red Army (1943–1945)
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (3)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (8)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (6)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Vasily Blyukher
(1889–1938)
Vasily Konstantinovich Blyukher.jpg 20 November 1935
  • Commander-in-Chief, Special Red Banner Far Eastern Army (1935–1938)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (2)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (4)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Semyon Timoshenko
(1895–1970)
Маршал Советского Союза Герой Советского Союза Семён Константинович Тимошенко.jpg 7 May 1940
  • People's Commissar for Defence (1940–1941)
  • People's Commissar for Defence/Chairman, Stavka of the Soviet Armed Forces (1941)
  • Commander, Western Front (1941)
  • Commander-in-Chief, Southwestern Direction (1941)
  • Commander, Stalingrad Front (1942)
  • Commander, Southwestern Front (1942)
  • Commander, Northwestern Front (1942–1943)
  • Chairman, Stavka of the Supreme Main Command (1943–1945)
  • Commander, Belorussian Military District (1946)
  • Commander, South Ural Military District (1946–1949)
  • Commander, Belorussian Military District (1949–1960)
  • Inspector-General, Ministry of Defence (1960–1961)
  • Chairman, State Committee for War Veterans (1961–1970)
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Victory.svg Order of Victory
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (5)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (5)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Grigory Kulik
(1890–1950)
Grigory Kulik.jpg 7 May 1940
  • Chief, Main Artillery Directorate, Red Army (1933–1941)
  • Deputy People's Commissar for Defence (1939–1940)
  • Commander, 54th Army (1941)
  • Demoted to lieutenant general (1942–1946)[b]
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (4)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (4)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Boris Shaposhnikov
(1882–1945)
Boris Shaposhnikov 02.jpg 7 May 1940
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (3)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (2)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Georgy Zhukov
(1896–1974)
Zhukov LIFE.jpg 18 January 1943
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (4)
Order of Victory.svg Order of Victory (2)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (6)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Aleksandr Vasilevsky
(1895–1977)
Aleksandr Vasilevsky 4.jpg 16 February 1943
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Victory.svg Order of Victory (2)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (8)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (2)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Joseph Stalin
(1878–1953)[c]
Stalin office.jpg 6 March 1943[2]
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Victory.svg Order of Victory (2)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (3)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (4)
Coat of arms of the Soviet Union (1946–1956).svg

Political
Ivan Konev
(1897–1973)
Ivan Stepanovich Konev.jpg 20 February 1944[3]
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Victory.svg Order of Victory
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (7)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Leonid Govorov
(1897–1955)
Leonid Govorov 1.jpg 18 June 1944
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Victory.svg Order of Victory
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (5)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Konstantin Rokossovsky
(1896–1968)[d]
Konstanty Rokossowski, 1945.jpg 29 June 1944
  • Commander, 1st Belorussian Front (1943–1944)
  • Commander, 2nd Belorussian Front (1944–1945)
  • Commander-in-Chief, Northern Group of Forces (1945–1949)
  • Minister of National Defence, People's Republic of Poland (1949–1952)
  • Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers, People's Republic of Poland (1952–1957)
  • Deputy Minister of Defence/Commander, Transcaucasian Military District (1957–1958)
  • Inspector-General, Ministry of Defence (1958–1962)
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Victory.svg Order of Victory
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (7)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (6)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Rodion Malinovsky
(1898–1967)
Rodion Malinovsky 1.jpg 10 September 1944
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Victory.svg Order of Victory
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (5)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Fyodor Tolbukhin
(1894–1949)
Маршал Советского Союза Ф.И. Толбухин.jpg 12 September 1944
  • Commander, 3rd Ukrainian Front (1944–1945)
  • Commander-in-Chief, Southern Group of Forces (1945–1947)
  • Commander, Transcaucasus Military District (1947–1949)
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Victory.svg Order of Victory
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (2)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Kirill Meretskov
(1897–1968)
Кирилл Афанасьевич Мерецков с сыном Владимиром (cropped).jpg 26 October 1944
  • Commander, Karelian Front (1944–1945)
  • Commander, 1st Far Eastern Front (1945)
  • Commander-in-Chief, Soviet Forces in Korea (1945–1947)
  • Commander, Moscow Military District (1947–1949)
  • Commander, Belomorsky Military District (1949–1951)
  • Commander, Northern Military District (1951–1954)
  • Assistant Minister of Defence (1955–1964)
  • Inspector-General, Ministry of Defence (1964–1968)
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Victory.svg Order of Victory
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (7)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (4)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Lavrentiy Beria
(1899–1953)
Lavrentiy-beria.jpg 9 July 1945[4]
Hero of Socialist Labor medal.svg Hero of Socialist Labour
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (5)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
NKVD Emblem (Solid Colors).svg

NKVD/MGB
Vasily Sokolovsky
(1897–1968)
Vasily Sokolovsky.jpg 3 July 1946
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (8)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Soviet Red Army Hammer and Sickle.svg

Red Army
Nikolai Bulganin
(1895–1975)
Nikolai Bulganin.jpg 3 November 1947[5]
Hero of Socialist Labor medal.svg Hero of Socialist Labour
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (2)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner
Coat of arms of the Soviet Union (1946–1956).svg

Political
Ivan Bagramyan
(1897–1982)[e]
Баграмян Иван Христофорович.jpg 11 March 1955[6]
  • Deputy Minister of Defence (1955–1956)
  • Deputy Minister of Defence/Commandant, Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Soviet Union (1956–1958)
  • Deputy Minister of Defence (1956–1968)
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (7)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Khrushchev
Sergey Biryuzov
(1904–1964)
Sergey Biryuzov.jpg 11 March 1955
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (5)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Strategic Rocket Forces
Andrei Grechko
(1903–1976)
Andrei Grechko 3.jpg 11 March 1955 Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (6)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Andrei Yeremenko
(1892–1970)
Маршал Советского Союза Герой Советского Союза Андрей Иванович Ерёменко (cropped).jpg 11 March 1955
  • Commander, North Caucasus Military District (1953–1958)
  • Inspector-General, Ministry of Defence (1958–1970)
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (5)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (4)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Kirill Moskalenko
(1902–1985)
Kirill Moskalenko 01.jpg 11 March 1955
  • Commander, Moscow Military District (1953–1960)
  • Commander-in-Chief, Strategic Missile Forces (1960–1962)
  • Inspector-General, Ministry of Defence (1962–1985)
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (7)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (5)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Strategic Rocket Forces
Vasily Chuikov
(1900–1982)
Маршал Советского Союза дважды Герой Советского Союза Василий Иванович Чуйков.jpg 11 March 1955
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (9)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (4)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Matvei Zakharov
(1898–1972)
Matvei Zakharov 1.jpg 8 May 1959
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (5)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (4)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Filipp Golikov
(1900–1980)
Маршал Советского Союза Филипп Иванович Голиков.jpg 8 May 1961
  • Chief, Main Political Administration of the Soviet Armed Forces (1958–1962)
  • Inspector-General, Ministry of Defence (1962–1980)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (4)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (4)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Nikolay Krylov
(1903–1972)
Nikolay Ivanovich Krylov 1.jpg 28 April 1962
  • Commander, Moscow Military District (1960–1963)
  • Commander-in-Chief, Strategic Missile Forces (1963–1972)
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (4)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Strategic Rocket Forces
Ivan Yakubovsky
(1912–1976)
Генерал-майор И.И. Якубовский на улице Москвы.jpeg 12 April 1967
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (4)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (4)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Brezhnev
Pavel Batitsky
(1910–1984)
Batitskiy.jpg 17 April 1968[7] Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (4)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (4)
Roundel of the Soviet Union (1945–1991).svg

Air Defence
Pyotr Koshevoy
(1904–1976)
Pyotr Koshevoy (cropped).jpg 17 April 1968 Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (2)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (5)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Dmitry Ustinov
(1908–1984)
Dmitry Ustinov (colorized, full).jpg 30 July 1976
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Hero of Socialist Labor medal.svg Hero of Socialist Labour (2)
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (11)
Coat of arms of the Soviet Union (1956–1991).svg

Defence Industry
Leonid Brezhnev
(1906–1982)
Brezhnev cut.jpg 19 December 1976 Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union (4)
Hero of Socialist Labor medal.svg Hero of Socialist Labour
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (8)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution (2)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (2)
Coat of arms of the Soviet Union (1956–1991).svg

Political
Viktor Kulikov
(1921–2013)
Куликов Виктор Георгиевич.jpg 14 January 1977 Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (4)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Nikolai Ogarkov
(1917–1994)
Nikolai Ogarkov 1 (enlarged).jpg 14 January 1977 Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (2)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution (2)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Sergey Sokolov
(1911–2012)
Sergey Leonidovich Sokolov.jpg 17 February 1978
  • First Deputy Minister of Defence (1966–1984)
  • Commander, Soviet Forces in Afghanistan (1979–1984)
  • Minister of Defence (1984–1987)
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (3)
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (2)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Sergey Akhromeyev
(1923–1991)
Sergey Akhromeyev (cropped).jpg 25 March 1983
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (4)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Andropov
Semyon Kurkotkin
(1917–1990)
Semyon Kurkotkin 2.jpg 25 March 1983
  • Deputy Minister of Defence/Chief of the Rear Services of the Soviet Armed Forces (1972–1988)
  • Inspector-General, Ministry of Defence (1988–1990)
Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (4)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Vasily Petrov
(1917–2014)
Marshal Vasily Ivanovich Petrov.jpg 25 March 1983 Золотая Звезда Героя Советского Союза.svg Hero of the Soviet Union
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (4)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner (3)
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Dmitry Yazov
(1924–2020)
Dmitry Timofeyevich Yazov 1.jpg 28 April 1990
Order of Lenin.svg Order of Lenin (2)
Order of the October Revolution.svg Order of the October Revolution
Order of Red Banner.svg Order of the Red Banner
Communist star with golden border and red rims.svg

Soviet Army
Gorbachev

Timeline

Dmitri YazovVasily PetrovSemyon KurkotkinSergey AkhromeyevSergey Sokolov (marshal)Nikolai OgarkovViktor KulikovLeonid BrezhnevDmitry UstinovPavel BatitskyPyotr KoshevoyIvan YakubovskyNikolay KrylovFilipp GolikovMatvei ZakharovAndrey YeryomenkoKirill MoskalenkoSergey BiryuzovVasily ChuikovIvan BagramyanAndrei GrechkoNikolai BulganinVasily SokolovskyLavrentiy BeriaKirill MeretskovFyodor TolbukhinRodion MalinovskyKonstantin RokossovskyLeonid GovorovIvan KonevJoseph StalinAleksandr VasilevskyGeorgy ZhukovGrigory KulikBoris ShaposhnikovSemyon TimoshenkoSemyon BudyonnyVasily BlyukherMikhail TukhachevskyAlexander Yegorov (soldier)Kliment Voroshilov

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Bolded indicates top-ranked political position
  2. ^ Retired in 1946, purged in 1950.
  3. ^ Joseph Stalin was Generalissimus of the Soviet Union from 1945.
  4. ^ Konstantin Rokossovsky was also a Marshal of Poland from 1949.
  5. ^ Also known as Hovhannes Baghramian.

References

  1. ^ "BIRTHDAY ANNIVERSARY OF KLIMENT YE. VOROSHILOV, STATESMAN AND MILITARY FIGURE, MARSHAL OF THE SOVIET UNION". Boris Yeltsin Presidential Library. Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  2. ^ Stephan, Robert (1987). "Smersh: Soviet Military Counter-Intelligence during the Second World War". Journal of Contemporary History. 22 (4): 585–613. doi:10.1177/002200948702200403. JSTOR 260812. S2CID 159160922. Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  3. ^ "Ivan Konev - Traces of War". Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  4. ^ Birstein, Vadim (November 2013). SMERSH: Stalin's Secret Weapon. ISBN 9781849546898. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  5. ^ "Military Review, Volume 35, Issue 6". 1955. Retrieved 27 September 2021.
  6. ^ "Village of war chiefs". Collective Treaty Security Organization. 15 January 2020. Retrieved 29 September 2021.
  7. ^ "Professional Journal of the United States Army". Google Books. 1969.

External links

  • Biographies of all the Marshals of the USSR