New York State Museum

Summary

The New York State Museum is a research-backed institution in Albany, New York, United States. It is located on Madison Avenue, attached to the south side of the Empire State Plaza, facing onto the plaza and towards the New York State Capitol. The museum houses art, artifacts (prehistoric and historic), and ecofacts that reflect New York’s cultural, natural, and geological development. Operated by the New York State Education Department's Office of Cultural Education, it is the oldest and largest state museum in the US. Formerly located in the State Education Building, the museum now occupies the first four floors of the Cultural Education Center, a ten-story, 1,500,000-square-foot (140,000 m2) building that also houses the New York State Archives and New York State Library.

New York State Museum
NewYorkStateCulturalEducationCenter.JPG
The Cultural Education Center hosts the New York State Museum
EstablishedJanuary 6, 1836
LocationEmpire State Plaza, Albany, New York, United States
TypeState museum of natural history, anthropology, and history
Websitehttp://www.nysm.nysed.gov/

In 2020, the COVID-19 pandemic forced the NYSM, State Archives, and State Library to close temporarily, with museum employees continuing to work behind the scenes, offering virtual programming and online exhibitions. The Museum reopened to the public with reduced hours and days of operation and some exhibits still unopened on May 17, 2021. [1]

HistoryEdit

 
The State Education Building was home to the New York State Museum until 1976.

The New York State Museum was founded in 1836 as the New York State Geological and Natural History Survey, formed in 1836 by Governor William Marcy to document the mineral wealth of the state.[2] In 1870, it was reorganized as the New York State Museum of Natural History under the trusteeship of the regents of the State University.[3] The museum was located in the State Education Building from 1912 until 1976, when it was moved to the Cultural Education Center upon the Empire State Plaza's completion. The current location opened on July 4, 1976, and 15,000 people took part in the ceremony which included a performance by Don Mclean.

In June 2015, the museum announced the largest renovation in its history. Over three to four years, 35,000 square feet (3,300 m2) of exhibition space was to be modernized.[4][5] The NYSM is to remain open throughout the rebuilding process, although individual galleries may be closed during construction and re-installation.[6]

Notable staffEdit

Layout and organizationEdit

 
New York State Museum, Albany.

The large majority of the museum's permanent exhibits are located in the voluminous first floor, which features high ceilings that can accommodate large artifacts and displays, such as a subway car, fire engines, a reconstructed Mohawk Iroquois Longhouse, and a mastodon skeleton. Several smaller galleries and halls on the first floor house various temporary art exhibitions, as well as temporary scientific, historical, and cultural exhibits.

Presentations and lectures (such as the weekly lecture series) are held in the Museum Theater, located near the West Gallery. A student visitors center is located behind the museum's main lobby. The Museum Store, located adjacent to the main lobby, offers souvenirs, high-quality mineral specimens, and selected New York State publications on science, history, and natural history.

The second floor, generally not accessible to the public, contains education and youth services. The museum's staff, including the Division of Research and Collections and the Exhibits Division, is located on the third floor, also not accessible to the public.

The fourth floor features a functioning carousel built between 1912 and 1916 which visitors may ride free of charge, plus supplementary exhibits covering regional topics and several historic cities in New York State, such as Buffalo and Rochester. The windowed walls surrounding this floor afford visitors a panoramic view of the Empire State Plaza and other areas of downtown Albany, hence the gallery's name, "Windows on New York".

ResearchEdit

As a research institution, the New York State Museum houses several programs, centers, and initiatives that further the geological, biological, archaeological and historical understanding of areas within and outside of New York State. The following is a list of several of these programs.

CollectionsEdit

The collections of the New York State Museum include geological samples, paleontology specimens, historic materials, and art. Their anthropological collections are extensive, and include the collections of several early and well-known anthropologists, including Lewis H. Morgan and Arthur C. Parker. These collections are open to researchers for analysis. A supplementary storage facility in Rotterdam, New York, houses material not presently displayed, including artifacts from the September 11 attacks.

Permanent exhibitsEdit

 
Iroquoian longhouse
  • The Adirondack Wilderness – This exhibit explores the geology and prehistoric flora and fauna of the Adirondacks, the impact historic activities such as logging, mining, and recreational use had on regional environment and ecology, and the area's contemporary state, including conservation efforts, resource exploitation, and artistic interpretations.
  • The American Stoneware Collection – In 2014, a collection of 19th-century American stoneware was donated to the museum by Adam Weitsman. The exhibit includes stoneware jugs, crocks, pitchers, jars, and water containers.[7][8]
  • Ancient Life of New York – A Billion Years of Earth History – A paleontological collection of fossils over a billion years old (some of the oldest in the eastern United States). The exhibit includes blue-green bacteria, fossilized tree stumps and spiders from Gilboa, New York, trilobites, and armored fish.
  • Birds of New York – Includes a display of over 170 native New York bird species in their natural settings.
  • Black Capital: Harlem in the 20s – An exhibit of the art and culture of the Harlem Renaissance during the 1920s, including a history of its development and the impact and influence it had on later cultural and artistic trends.
  • Carousel – Located on the museum's fourth floor, this full-sized carousel was made between 1912 and 1916 by the Herschell-Spillman Company of North Tonawanda, New York. It remained in use until the early 1970s in Cuba, New York, after which it was dismantled and obtained by the NYSM. The carousel is fully operational, and free rides are offered to visitors throughout the day.[9]
 
Cohoes Mastodon
  • Cohoes Mastodon – The skeletal remains of a mastodon excavated in Cohoes, New York in 1866. The skeleton was previously located in the Museum's front lobby. Returned from repair and restoration in 1997, it is available for viewing in the South Hall of the museum with a new display stand and interactive learning tools.[10]
  • Fire Engine Hall – An exhibit of historic fire fighting vehicles from the 19th and 20th centuries.
  • The Governor's Collection of Contemporary Native American Crafts
  • Metropolis Hall – An exhibit on the history of New York City, including a complete R9 New York City Subway car, and recreations of a Chinatown herbalist, Little Italy barbershop, and other storefronts. Also included is a reproduction of the brownstone front stoop streetscape setting of the Sesame Street preschool educational television program.[11]
  • Minerals of New York – Geological displays from the New York State Museum's mineral collection.
  • Native Peoples of New York – An exhibit focusing on the prehistoric and historic cultural development of New York State, spanning the chronological spectrum from the Paleoindian period (c. 10,000 BCE) up to and including the ethnology of Native groups in New York today. Included in the exhibit are numerous prehistoric artifacts (e.g. pottery and stone tools), lifelike dioramas, scale models, and a full-sized replica of an Iroquoian longhouse.[12]
  • Research Gallery – Highlights current work being conducted by staff members of the NYSM's Division of Research and Collections.
  • Windows on New York – Located on the fourth floor, the Windows on New York display highlights the history and characteristics of many of New York State's different regions.
  • The World Trade Center: Rescue, Recovery, Response – Tells the history of the World Trade Center and the September 11, 2001, attacks, including the rescue efforts, the evidence recovery operation at the Fresh Kills Landfill, and public response to the attacks. Has numerous artifacts from the site including the remains of an Engine 6 ladder truck, and the flag that was flown from next to the North Tower.

See alsoEdit

ReferencesEdit

  1. ^ "Online Exhibitions". The New York State Museum. New York State Education Department. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
  2. ^ Reaka-Kudla, Marjorie L., Don E Wilson, and Edward O. Wilson, eds., Biodiversity II. Joseph Henry Press, 1997. ISBN 978-0-309-05584-0
  3. ^ Merrill, Frederick J H, Bulletin of the New York State Museum, Vol. 4, No. 19, November 1898
  4. ^ "About Us :: Museum Renovation". New York State Museum. Archived from the original on June 19, 2015. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  5. ^ Grondahl, Paul (June 15, 2015). "State Museum's $14 million renovation includes interactive exhibits". Albany Times Union. Retrieved June 15, 2015.
  6. ^ "Museum Renovation". The New York State Museum. New York State Museum Education Department. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
  7. ^ Grondahl, Paul (June 14, 2014). "Scrap metal mogul donates world-class art collection to State Museum". Times Union. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  8. ^ Kahn, Eve M. (September 9, 2010). "Adam Weitsman New York Stoneware Collection, at Home in Albany". The New York Times. ISSN 0362-4331. Retrieved February 6, 2019.
  9. ^ "Cohoes Mastodon". The New York State Museum. New York State Education Department. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
  10. ^ "New York Metropolis Hall". The New York State Museum. New York State Education Department. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
  11. ^ "Mohawk Iroquois Longhouse". The New York State Museum. New York State Education Department. Retrieved October 7, 2020.
  • Cultural Education Center at Emporis Buildings.
  • Moon New York State Handbook by Christiane Bird. (c) 2006. Page 338.

External linksEdit

  • Official website
  • Bulletin of the New York State Museum. A scholarly journal published by the NYS Museum since 1887, with articles focusing on the botany, zoology, entomology, geology and archaeology of New York State. Digitized by the New York State Library.
  • New York State Geological Survey
  • Unofficial Gateway to the New York State Geological Survey

Coordinates: 42°38′54″N 73°45′42″W / 42.64833°N 73.76167°W / 42.64833; -73.76167