Tennessee's 8th congressional district
Tennessee US Congressional District 8 (since 2013).tif
Tennessee's 8th congressional district – since January 3, 2013.
Representative
  David Kustoff
RGermantown
Distribution
  • 60.83[1]% urban
  • 39.17% rural
Population (2016)706,468[2]
Median income$56,477[3]
Ethnicity
Cook PVIR+19[4]

The 8th Congressional District of Tennessee is a congressional district in West Tennessee. It has been represented by Republican David Kustoff since January 2017.

Current Boundaries

The district is located in West Tennessee. It borders Kentucky to the north, Arkansas and Missouri to the west, and Mississippi to the south.

It is currently composed of the following counties: Carroll, Crockett, Dyer, Fayette, Gibson, Haywood, Henry, Lake, Lauderdale, Madison, Obion, Tipton, and Weakley. It also contains a large piece of Shelby County and a small piece of Benton.

Characteristics

The map is deceptively rural, but the bulk of the district's vote is cast in the suburban areas around Memphis, such as Germantown, Bartlett, and Collierville, as well Fayette and Tipton counties. This area boasts some of the highest median incomes in the state.

The rest of the district is composed mostly of small towns and farming communities. The district already had a strong social conservative tint which grew even more pronounced when eastern Memphis was added to the district; many of the state's most politically active churches are located here.

According to the 2010 census, the five largest cities located mostly with the district are: Jackson (65,211), Bartlett (54,613), Collierville (43,965), Germantown (38,844), and Dyersburg (17,145).

Election results from presidential races

Year Result
2004 George W. Bush 53 - 47%
2008 John McCain 64 - 35%
2012 Mitt Romney 66 - 33%
2016 Donald Trump 66.3 - 30.7%

History

Districts similar to today's 8th (composing of rural areas in northwest Tennessee) have been in place since Reconstruction.

During the early 20th century, most of northwest Tennessee was represented by Democrats Finis J. Garrett (1905 to 1929), Jere Cooper (1929 to 1943), Clifford Davis (1943 to 1953), then Cooper again from 1953 to 1957. Cooper was succeeded by Fats Everett, who served until his death in early 1969.

The district's current form of including Memphis suburbs began in 1967 due to a re-districting caused by the Baker v. Carr ruling.

Following Everett's death in 1969, the district chose former Tennessee Commissioner of Agriculture Ed Jones in a special election. Jones served the area in Congress for just under twenty years until his retirement in 1988.

Upon Jones' retirement, the district selected Democrat John S. Tanner as its representative. Following eleven terms (22 years) in Congress, Tanner retired.

In 2011, the district chose Republican businessman Stephen Fincher over Democrat state senator Roy Herron. It marked the first time since Reconstruction that a Republican had represented northwest Tennessee.

Following the 2010 census, the district lost its remaining territory in Middle Tennessee, meaning it was entirely within West Tennessee for the first time since 1968. In the same census, the 7th lost its remaining claims in Shelby County, meaning that since 2012, any area of Shelby County that is not in the 9th is in the 8th.

In 2016, Fincher retired and was succeeded by Republican David Kustoff, a former United States Attorney.

List of representatives

Name Years Party District Residence Notes
District created March 4, 1823
James B. Reynolds March 4, 1823 – March 3, 1825 Jacksonian D-R
John H. Marable March 4, 1825 – March 3, 1829 Jacksonian
Cave Johnson.jpg Cave Johnson March 4, 1829 – March 3, 1833 Jacksonian Redistricted to the 11th district
David W. Dickinson March 4, 1833 – March 3, 1835 Jacksonian
Abram P. Maury March 4, 1835 – March 3, 1837 Anti-Jacksonian
March 4, 1837 – March 3, 1839 Whig
Meredith-gentry-tn1.png Meredith P. Gentry March 4, 1839 – March 3, 1843 Whig
Joseph H. Peyton March 4, 1843 – November 11, 1845 Whig Died
Edwin H. Ewing January 2, 1846 – March 3, 1847 Whig
Washington Barrow March 4, 1847 – March 3, 1849 Whig
Andrew Ewing March 4, 1849 – March 3, 1851 Democratic
William Cullom March 4, 1851 – March 3, 1853 Whig Redistricted to the 4th district
Felix Zollicoffer-1.jpg Felix Zollicoffer March 4, 1853 – March 3, 1855 Whig
March 4, 1855 – March 3, 1859 Know Nothing
James M. Quarles March 4, 1859 – March 3, 1861 Opposition
American Civil War
JohnWilliamLeftwich.jpg John W. Leftwich July 24, 1866 – March 3, 1867 Unconditional Unionist
David Alexander Nunn - Brady-Handy.jpg David A. Nunn March 4, 1867 – March 3, 1869 Republican
William Jay Smith (Tennessee politician).jpg William J. Smith March 4, 1869 – March 3, 1871 Republican
William W. Vaughan March 4, 1871 – March 3, 1873 Democratic
David Alexander Nunn - Brady-Handy.jpg David A. Nunn March 4, 1873 – March 3, 1875 Republican
John DeWitt Clinton Atkins - Brady-Handy.jpg John D. C. Atkins March 4, 1875 – March 3, 1883 Democratic Redistricted from the 7th district
John May Taylor (Tennessee Congressman).jpg John M. Taylor March 4, 1883 – March 3, 1887 Democratic
Benjamin A. Enloe (Tennessee Congressman).jpg Benjamin A. Enloe March 4, 1887 – March 3, 1895 Democratic
John E. McCall (Tennessee Congressman).jpg John E. McCall March 4, 1895 – March 3, 1897 Republican
Thetus W. Sims cph.3b03504.jpg Thetus W. Sims March 4, 1897 – March 3, 1921 Democratic
Lon A. Scott (Tennessee Congressman).jpg Lon A. Scott March 4, 1921 – March 3, 1923 Republican
Browning-gordon-harris-ewing.jpg Gordon Browning March 4, 1923 – March 3, 1933 Democratic Redistricted to the 7th district
Jere Cooper (Tennessee Congressman).jpg Jere Cooper March 4, 1933 – January 3, 1943 Democratic Redistricted from the 9th district, Redistricted to the 9th district
Tom J. Murray.jpg Tom J. Murray January 3, 1943 – January 3, 1953 Democratic Redistricted to the 7th district
Jere Cooper (Tennessee Congressman).jpg Jere Cooper January 3, 1953 – December 18, 1957 Democratic Redistricted from the 9th district, Died
Robert Ashton Everett.jpg Fats Everett February 1, 1958 – January 26, 1969 Democratic Died
Ed Jones Congressional Photo.jpeg Ed Jones March 25, 1969 – January 3, 1973 Democratic Redistricted to the 7th district
Dan Kuykendall.jpg Dan Kuykendall January 3, 1973 – January 3, 1975 Republican Redistricted from the 9th district
Harold Ford, Sr.jpg Harold Ford, Sr. January 3, 1975 – January 3, 1983 Democratic Redistricted to the 9th district
Ed Jones Congressional Photo.jpeg Ed Jones January 3, 1983 – January 3, 1989 Democratic Redistricted from the 7th district
John tanner TN.jpg John S. Tanner January 3, 1989 – January 3, 2011 Democratic
Congressman Stephen Fincher Official Headshot.jpg Stephen Fincher January 3, 2011 – January 3, 2017 Republican Retired
Kustoff Official Headshot.jpg David Kustoff January 3, 2017 – present Republican Incumbent

Historical district boundaries

2003 – 2013

See also

References

  1. ^ https://www.census.gov/geo/maps-data/data/cd_state.html
  2. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=08
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/mycd/?st=47&cd=08
  4. ^ "Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017. Retrieved April 7, 2017.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1989). The Historical Atlas of Political Parties in the United States Congress. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Martis, Kenneth C. (1982). The Historical Atlas of United States Congressional Districts. New York: Macmillan Publishing Company.
  • Congressional Biographical Directory of the United States 1774–present

Coordinates: 35°51′20″N 89°05′59″W / 35.85556°N 89.09972°W / 35.85556; -89.09972