Los Angeles International Airport

Summary

Los Angeles International Airport
LAX blue logo.png
Los Angeles International Airport Aerial Photo.jpg
Summary
Airport typePublic
OwnerCity of Los Angeles
OperatorLos Angeles World Airports
ServesGreater Los Angeles
LocationWestchester, Los Angeles, California, United States
OpenedOctober 1, 1928; 93 years ago (1928-10-01)
Hub for
Focus city for
Elevation AMSL128 ft / 39 m
Coordinates33°56′33″N 118°24′29″W / 33.94250°N 118.40806°W / 33.94250; -118.40806Coordinates: 33°56′33″N 118°24′29″W / 33.94250°N 118.40806°W / 33.94250; -118.40806
Websiteflylax.com
Maps
FAA airport diagram
FAA airport diagram
LAX is located in the Los Angeles metropolitan area
LAX
LAX
Location within the Los Angeles metropolitan area
LAX is located in California
LAX
LAX
LAX (California)
LAX is located in the United States
LAX
LAX
LAX (the United States)
LAX is located in North America
LAX
LAX
LAX (North America)
Runways
Direction Length Surface
ft m
6L/24R 8,926 2,721 Concrete
6R/24L 10,885 3,318 Concrete
7L/25R 12,923 3,939 Concrete
7R/25L 11,095 3,382 Concrete
Statistics
Passengers (2020)28,779,527
Aircraft operations (2020)379,364
Economic impact (2012)US$14.9 billion[2]
Social impact (2012)133,900 employed[2]

Los Angeles International Airport (IATA: LAX, ICAO: KLAX, FAA LID: LAX), commonly referred to as LAX (with each of its letters pronounced individually), is the primary international airport serving Los Angeles and its surrounding metropolitan area.

LAX is located in the Westchester neighborhood of Los Angeles, 18 miles (30 km) southwest of Downtown Los Angeles, with the commercial and residential areas of Westchester to the north, the city of El Segundo to the south and the city of Inglewood to the east. LAX is the closest airport to the Westside and the South Bay.

The airport is operated by Los Angeles World Airports (LAWA), a branch of the Los Angeles city government, that also operates Van Nuys Airport for general aviation. The airport covers 3,500 acres (1,400 ha) of land and has four parallel runways.[3]

In 2019, LAX handled 88,068,013 passengers, making it the world's third busiest and the United States' second busiest airport following Hartsfield–Jackson Atlanta International Airport. As the largest and busiest international airport on the U.S. West Coast, LAX is a major international gateway to the United States, and also serves a connection point for passengers traveling internationally (such as between East Asia and South America). The airport holds the record for the world's busiest origin and destination airport, since relative to other airports, many more travelers begin or end their trips in Los Angeles than use it as a connection. It is also the only airport to rank among the top five U.S. airports for both passenger and cargo traffic.[6] LAX serves as a major hub or focus city for more passenger airlines than any other airport in the United States.

While LAX is the busiest airport in the Greater Los Angeles Area, several other airports, including Hollywood Burbank Airport, John Wayne Airport (Orange County), Long Beach Airport and Ontario International Airport, serve the region.

History

Hangar No. 1 was the first structure at LAX, built in 1929, restored in 1990 and remaining in active use.[7]

In 1926, the Los Angeles City Council and the Chamber of Commerce recognized the need for the city to have its own airport to tap into the fledgling, but quickly growing aviation industry. Several locations were considered, but the final choice was a 640-acre (1.00 sq mi; 260 ha) field in the southern part of Westchester. The location had been promoted by real estate agent William W. Mines, and Mines Field as it was known, had already been selected to host the 1928 National Air Races. On August 13, 1928 the city leased the land and the newly formed Department of Airports began converting the fields once used to grow wheat, barley and lima beans into dirt landing strips.[8]

The airport opened on October 1, 1928[9] and the first structure, Hangar No. 1, was erected in 1929. The building still stands at the airport, remaining in active use and listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[10] Over the next year, the airport started to come together: the dirt runway was replaced with an all-weather surface and more hangars, a restaurant, and a control tower were built. On June 7, 1930, the facility was dedicated and renamed Los Angeles Municipal Airport.[8]

Los Angeles Municipal Airport on Army Day, c. 1931

The airport was used by private pilots and flying schools, but the city’s vision was that Los Angeles would become the main passenger hub for the area. However, the airport failed to entice any carriers away from the established Burbank Airport or the Grand Central Airport in Glendale.[8]

World War II put a pause on any further development of the airport for passenger use. Before the United States entered the war, the aviation manufacturers located around the airport were busy providing aircraft for the allied powers, while the flying schools found themselves in high demand. In January 1942, the military assumed control of the airport, stationing fighter planes at the airfield and building naval gun batteries in the ocean dunes to the west.[8]

Meanwhile, airport managers published a master plan for the land, and in early 1943 and convinced voters to back a $12.5 million bond for airport improvements. With a plan and funding in place, the airlines were finally convinced to make the move.

After the end of the war, four temporary terminals were quickly erected on the north side of the airport and on December 9, 1946, American Airlines, Trans World Airlines (TWA), United Airlines, Southwest Airways and Western Airlines began passenger operations at the airport, with Pan American Airways (Pan Am) joining the next month.[9][8] The airport was renamed Los Angeles International Airport in 1949.[11]

The temporary terminals would remain in place for 15 years but quickly became inadequate, especially as air travel entered the "jet age" and other cities invested in modern facilities. Airport leaders once again convinced voters to back a $59 million bond on June 5, 1956.

The current layout of the passenger facilities was established in 1958 with a plan to build a series of terminals and parking facilities, arranged in the shape of the letter U, in the central portion of the property. The original plan called for the terminal buildings connected at the center of the property by a huge steel-and-glass dome. The dome was never built, but a smaller Theme Building built in the central area became a focal point for people coming to the airport.

Continental passengers arriving at CAL terminal, July 1962, before jet bridges were constructed

The first of the new passenger buildings, Terminals 7 and 8, were opened for United Airlines on June 25, 1961, following opening festivities that lasted several days.[12][13] Terminals 2, 3, 4, 5 and 6 opened later that same year.

A major expansion of the airport came in the early 1980s, ahead of the 1984 Summer Olympic Games. In November 1983 a second-level roadway was added,[14] Terminal 1 opened in January 1984[15] and the Tom Bradley International Terminal opened in June 1984.[16] The original terminals also received expansions and updates in the 1980s.

Since 2008, the airport has been undergoing another major expansion. All of the terminals are being refurbished, and the Tom Bradley International Terminal was completely rebuilt, with a West Gates concourse added.[17] Outside of the terminal area, a 4,300 stall parking structure, a Los Angeles Metro Rail station, and a consolidated rental car facility are being built. All will be connected to the terminal area by the LAX Automated People Mover.[18] In the near future, airport managers plan to build two more terminals (0 and 9).[19] All together, these projects are expected to cost of $14 billion and bring LAX's total gates from 146 to 182.[20]

The "X" in LAX

Before the 1930s, US airports used a two-letter abbreviation and at that time, "LA" served as the designation for Los Angeles Airport. With the rapid growth in the aviation industry, in 1947, the identifiers expanded to three letters and "LA" received an extra letter to become "LAX." The letter "X" does not otherwise have any specific meaning in this identifier.[21] "LAX" is also used for the Port of Los Angeles in San Pedro and by Amtrak for Union Station in downtown Los Angeles.

Infrastructure

The light towers, first installed in preparation for the Democratic National Convention in 2000, change colors throughout the night.

Airfield

24R/06L and 24L/06R (designated the North Airfield Complex) are north of the airport terminals, and 25R/07L and 25L/07R (designated the South Airfield Complex) are south of the airport terminals.

Runways at Los Angeles International
E Length Width W
06L → 8,926 ft
2,721 m
150 ft
46 m
← 24R
06R → 10,885 ft
3,318 m
150 ft
46 m
← 24L
Terminal Area
07L → 12,923 ft
3,939 m
150 ft
46 m
← 25R
07R → 11,095 ft
3,382 m
200 ft
61 m
← 25L

LAX is located with the Pacific Ocean to the west and residential communities on all other sides. Since 1972, Los Angeles World Airports has adopted a "Preferential Runway Use Policy" to minimize noise levels in the communities closest to LAX.[22]

Typically the loudest operations at an airport are from departing aircraft (as engines operate at full power), so during daytime hours (6:30am to midnight), LAX prefers to operate under the "Westerly Operations" air traffic pattern, named for the prevailing west winds. Under "Westerly Operations", departing aircraft take off to the west (over the ocean), and arriving aircraft approach from the east. To reduce noise to areas north and south of the airport, LAX prefers to use the "inboard" runways (06R/24L and 07L/25R) closest to the central terminal area and further from residential areas for departures, and the "outboard" runways are preferred for arrivals. Historically, over 90% of flights have used the "inboard" departures and "outboard" arrivals scheme.[22]

During nighttime hours, when there are fewer aircraft operations and residential areas tend to be more noise sensitive, additional changes are made to reduce noise. Between 10pm and 7am, air traffic controls try to use the "outboard" runways as little as possible and between midnight and 6:30am the air traffic pattern shifts to "Over-Ocean Operations" where departing aircraft continue to take off to the west, but arriving aircraft also approach from the west (over the ocean).[22]

There are times when the Over-Ocean and Westerly operations are not possible, particularly when the winds originate from the east, typically during inclement weather and Santa Ana winds events. When that happens, the airport shifts to the non-preferred "Easterly Operations" air traffic pattern where departing aircraft take off to the east, and arriving aircraft approach from the west.[22]

The South Airfield Complex tends to see more operations than the North, due to a larger number of passenger gates and air cargo operations.[22] Runways in the North Airfield Complex are separated by 700 feet (210 m).[23] Plans have been advanced and approved to increase the separation by 260 feet (79 m), which would allow a central taxiway between runways, despite opposition from residents living north of LAX.[24] The separation between the two runways in the South Airfield Complex has already increased by 55 feet (17 m) to accommodate a central taxiway.[25][26]

Terminals

LAX has nine passenger terminals with a total of 146 gates arranged in the shape of the letter U or a horseshoe that are identified by numbers except for the Tom Bradley International Terminal. The Midfield Satellite Concourse, now renamed the West Gates, an expansion for international flights reached through the Tom Bradley Terminal, opened on May 1, 2021.[27] There are 2 million square feet (190,000 m2) of cargo facilities at LAX, as well as a heliport operated by Bravo Aviation.

Theme Building

LAX Theme Building, July 1962

The distinctive Theme Building, designed by Pereira & Luckman architect Paul Williams in the Googie style and built in 1961 by Robert E. McKee Construction Co., resembles a flying saucer that has landed on its four legs. A restaurant with a sweeping view of the airport is suspended beneath two arches that form the legs. The Los Angeles City Council designated the building a Los Angeles Historic-Cultural Monument in 1992. A $4 million renovation, with retro-futuristic interior and electric lighting designed by Walt Disney Imagineering, was completed before the Encounter Restaurant opened there in 1997 but is no longer in business.[28] Visitors are able to take the elevator up to the observation deck of the "Theme Building", which had previously been closed after the September 11, 2001 attacks for security reasons.[29] A memorial to the victims of the 9/11 attacks is located on the grounds, as three of the four hijacked planes were originally destined for LAX.[30] The Bob Hope USO expanded and relocated to the first floor of the Theme Building in 2018.[31]

Future developments

LAWA currently has several plans to modernize LAX, at a cost of $14 billion. These include terminal and runway improvements, which will enhance the passenger experience, reduce overcrowding, and provide airport access to the latest class of very large passenger aircraft; this would bring LAX's total gates from 146 to 182.[20]

These improvements include:[32]

  • Reconstruction of Terminals 1 (completed),[33] 2 (under construction), 3 (under construction),[34] 4 (under construction),[35] and 6 (under construction)[36]
  • Construction of Terminal 1.5, a connector building between terminals 1 and 2, with a post-security bridge between the terminals and a bus gate to take passengers to boarding gates in the Tom Bradley International Terminal (completed)[37]
  • Reconstruction of Tom Bradley International Terminal (completed)[38]
  • Construction of the West Gates at Tom Bradley International Terminal adding 15 gates (completed)[39]
  • Expansion of the West Gates at Tom Bradley International adding 8 temporary gates (under construction)[40]
  • Construction of the LAX Automated People Mover (APM) (under construction)[18]
  • Construction of the Economy Parking, a 4,300 stall parking structure with passenger pick-up/drop-off areas, connected to the terminal area by the APM (completed)[41]
  • Construction of the Intermodal Transportation Facility – East (ITF-East), a Los Angeles Metro Rail and bus station, connected to the terminal area by the APM (under construction)[42]
  • Construction of a consolidated rental car facility, connected to the terminal area by the APM (under construction)[43]
  • Construction of Concourse 0 east of Terminal 1, adding 9 gates and an additional international arrivals facility (planned)[19]
  • Construction of Terminal 9 east of Sepulveda Boulevard, adding 12 gates and an additional international arrivals facility (planned)[19]

Airlines and destinations

Passenger

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
Advanced Air Merced (begins January 1, 2022) [44]
Aer Lingus Dublin (resumes March 11, 2022) [45]
Aeroflot Moscow–Sheremetyevo [46]
Aeroméxico Guadalajara, Mexico City [47]
Air Canada Calgary, Montréal–Trudeau, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver [48]
Air China Beijing–Capital, Shenzhen [49]
Air France Papeete, Paris–Charles de Gaulle [50]
Air New Zealand Auckland, Rarotonga [51]
Air Tahiti Nui Auckland, Papeete, Paris–Charles de Gaulle [52]
Air Transat Seasonal: Montréal–Trudeau (begins May 16, 2022) [53]
Alaska Airlines Anchorage, Austin, Belize City,[54] Boise, Boston, Bozeman, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas–Love, Eugene, Everett, Fort Lauderdale, Fort Myers, Fresno, Guadalajara, Honolulu, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Las Vegas, Liberia (CR), Lihue, Loreto, Manzanillo, Mazatlán, Medford, Missoula, Newark, Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Redmond/Bend, Reno/Tahoe, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José (CR), San José del Cabo, Santa Rosa, Seattle/Tacoma, Spokane, Washington–Dulles, Washington–National
Seasonal: Cancún, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Jackson Hole, Tampa
[55]
Allegiant Air Bellingham, Boise, Cincinnati, Eugene, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Medford, Memphis, Provo, Springfield/Branson, Tulsa
Seasonal: Billings, Bozeman, Cedar Rapids/Iowa City, Des Moines, Fargo, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Junction, Grand Rapids, Idaho Falls, Indianapolis, Jackson Hole, Las Vegas, Little Rock, McAllen, Missoula, Montrose, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Rapid City, Shreveport, Sioux Falls, Tri-Cities (WA), Wichita
[56]
All Nippon Airways Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita [57]
American Airlines Albuquerque, Atlanta, Auckland, Austin, Belize City, Boston, Cancún, Charlotte, Chicago–O'Hare, Christchurch, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Fort Lauderdale, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, London–Heathrow, Mexico City, Miami, Nashville, New York–JFK, Omaha, Orlando, Philadelphia, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Francisco, San José del Cabo, Seattle/Tacoma, Sydney, Tampa, Tokyo–Haneda, Washington–National
Seasonal: Eagle/Vail
[58]
American Eagle Albuquerque, Denver, El Paso, Fayetteville/Bentonville, Houston–Intercontinental, Mazatlán, Oklahoma City, Omaha, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Tucson, Tulsa, Vancouver
Seasonal: Aspen, Bozeman, Durango (CO), Glacier Park/Kalispell, Grand Junction, Jackson Hole, Missoula, Montrose, Puerto Vallarta, Santa Fe
[58]
Asiana Airlines Seoul–Incheon [59]
Austrian Airlines Seasonal: Vienna [60]
Avianca Bogotá [61]
Avianca Costa Rica San José (CR) [62]
Avianca El Salvador Guatemala City, San Salvador [61]
Boutique Air Merced (ends December 31, 2021) [63]
British Airways London–Heathrow [64]
Cathay Pacific Hong Kong [65]
China Airlines Taipei–Taoyuan [66]
China Eastern Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Nanjing, Shanghai–Pudong [67]
China Southern Airlines Guangzhou, Shenyang [68]
Copa Airlines Panama City–Tocumen [69]
Delta Air Lines Atlanta, Austin, Boston, Cancún, Cincinnati, Dallas/Fort Worth, Denver, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Guatemala City, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Indianapolis, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Liberia (CR), Lihue, Memphis, Mexico City, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–JFK, Orlando, Panama City–Tocumen (begins December 18, 2021),[70] Portland (OR), Puerto Vallarta, Raleigh/Durham, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José (CR), San José del Cabo, San Salvador, Seattle/Tacoma, Sydney, Tampa, Tokyo–Haneda (resumes March 26, 2022), Washington–National
Seasonal: Anchorage
[71]
Delta Connection Albuquerque, Boise, Bozeman, Denver, Las Vegas, Oakland, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, San Antonio, San Diego, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Spokane, Tucson
Seasonal: Aspen (resumes December 18, 2021), Jackson Hole, Missoula, Sun Valley
[71]
El Al Tel Aviv [72]
Emirates Dubai–International [73]
EVA Air Taipei–Taoyuan [74]
Fiji Airways Nadi [75]
Finnair Helsinki
Seasonal: Stockholm–Arlanda
[76]
French Bee Paris–Orly (begins April 9, 2022)[77] [78]
Hainan Airlines Changsha, Chengdu–Shuangliu, Chongqing, Xi'an [79]
Hawaiian Airlines Honolulu, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Lihue [80]
Iberia Madrid [81]
ITA Airways Rome–Fiumicino (begins June 1, 2022) [82]
Japan Airlines Osaka–Kansai, Tokyo–Haneda, Tokyo–Narita [83]
JetBlue Austin, Boston, Buffalo, Cancún, Charleston (SC), Fort Lauderdale, Hartford, Jacksonville, Las Vegas, Liberia (CR), Miami, Newark, New York–JFK, Orlando, Raleigh/Durham, Reno/Tahoe, Salt Lake City, San Francisco, San José (CR), San José del Cabo, West Palm Beach
Seasonal: Bozeman, Richmond, Seattle/Tacoma (resumes May 4, 2022)[citation needed]
[84]
JSX Las Vegas [85]
KLM Amsterdam [86]
Korean Air Seoul–Incheon [87]
LATAM Chile Santiago de Chile [88]
LATAM Perú Lima [88]
Level Barcelona (resumes March 28, 2022)[89] [81]
LOT Polish Airlines Warsaw–Chopin [90]
Lufthansa Frankfurt, Munich [91]
Philippine Airlines Cebu, Manila [92]
Qantas[a] Brisbane, Melbourne, Sydney [93]
Qatar Airways Doha [94]
Saudia Jeddah, Riyadh [95]
Scandinavian Airlines Copenhagen, Oslo [96]
Sichuan Airlines Chengdu–Shuangliu, Hangzhou, Jinan [97]
Singapore Airlines Singapore, Taipei–Taoyuan,[98] Tokyo–Narita [99]
Southern Airways Express Imperial/El Centro [100]
Southwest Airlines Albuquerque, Austin, Baltimore, Chicago–Midway, Dallas–Love, Denver, El Paso, Honolulu, Houston–Hobby, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Lihue, Nashville, New Orleans, Oakland, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. Louis, Salt Lake City, San Antonio, San Francisco, San Jose (CA), Tucson
Seasonal: Atlanta, Indianapolis, Milwaukee, Omaha
[101]
Spirit Airlines Atlanta, Austin, Baltimore, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Columbus–Glenn, Dallas/Fort Worth, Detroit, Fort Lauderdale, Houston–Intercontinental, Kansas City, Las Vegas, Louisville, Milwaukee, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, New Orleans, New York–LaGuardia, Oakland, Philadelphia, Pittsburgh, Puerto Vallarta, St. Louis
Seasonal: Denver, San José del Cabo
[102]
Sun Country Airlines Minneapolis/St. Paul
Seasonal: Honolulu, Las Vegas, Nashville
[103]
Swiss International Air Lines Zürich [104]
Turkish Airlines Istanbul [105]
United Airlines Baltimore, Belize City, Boston, Cancún, Chicago–O'Hare, Cleveland, Cozumel, Denver, Guatemala City, Hilo, Honolulu, Houston–Intercontinental, Kahului, Kailua–Kona, Las Vegas, Lihue, London–Heathrow (resumes March 4, 2022),[106] Melbourne, Newark, New York–JFK, Orlando, San Francisco, San José del Cabo, San Salvador, Seattle/Tacoma, Shanghai–Pudong, Sydney, Tampa, Tokyo–Haneda (begins March 26, 2022),[107] Tokyo–Narita, Washington–Dulles
Seasonal: Anchorage, Austin, Fort Myers (begins December 16, 2021), Jackson Hole, Liberia (CR), Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Puerto Vallarta, San José (CR), San Pedro Sula, Vancouver
[108]
United Express Austin, Boise, Bozeman, Colorado Springs, Eugene, Eureka, Fresno, Ixtapa/Zihuatanejo, Las Vegas, Madison, Manzanillo, Medford, Monterey, North Bend/Coos Bay, Palm Springs, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Prescott, Redding, Redmond/Bend, Reno/Tahoe, Sacramento, St. George (UT), Salt Lake City, San Diego, San Francisco, San Luis Obispo, Santa Barbara, Santa Maria (CA), Seattle/Tacoma, Stockton, Vancouver
Seasonal: Aspen, Bishop/Mammoth Lakes (begins December 16, 2021), Glacier Park/Kalispell, Hayden/Steamboat Springs, Jackson Hole, Missoula, Montrose, Rapid City, Vail/Eagle, Sun Valley
[108]
Virgin Atlantic London–Heathrow
Seasonal: Manchester (UK)
[109]
VivaAerobus Guadalajara, Mexico City
Seasonal: Monterrey
[110]
Volaris Aguascalientes, Durango (MX), Guadalajara, León/Del Bajío, Mexico City, Morelia, Oaxaca, Uruapan, Zacatecas [111]
Volaris Costa Rica Guatemala City, San José (CR), San Salvador [112]
WestJet Calgary, Edmonton, Toronto–Pearson, Vancouver [113]
XiamenAir Qingdao, Xiamen [114]
ZIPAIR Tokyo Tokyo–Narita (begins December 25, 2021)[115] [116]
  1. ^ Qantas also flies to/from New York–JFK, but only for international, connecting traffic. Owing to U.S. federal law, foreign airlines may not transport revenue passengers solely between U.S. destinations.

Cargo

AirlinesDestinationsRefs
AeroUnion Guadalajara, León/El Bajío, Mexico City, Monterrey [117]
AirBridgeCargo Airlines Amsterdam, Anchorage, Hong Kong, Shanghai–Pudong [118]
Air China Cargo Beijing–Capital, Shanghai–Pudong [119][120]
Aloha Air Cargo Honolulu [121]
Ameriflight Reno [122]
Asiana Cargo Anchorage, San Francisco, Seoul–Incheon [123]
Cargolux Anchorage, Calgary, Glasgow–Prestwick, Hong Kong, Indianapolis, Luxembourg, Mexico City, Milan–Malpensa, Seattle/Tacoma [124][125]
Cathay Pacific Cargo Anchorage, Hong Kong, Mexico City, Portland (OR)[126] [127]
China Airlines Cargo Anchorage, Osaka, San Francisco, Taipei–Taoyuan [128][129][130]
China Cargo Airlines Shanghai–Pudong [131]
China Southern Cargo Guangzhou, Hefei, Shanghai–Pudong, Tianjin, Vancouver, Zhengzhou [132][133][134]
DHL Aviation Anchorage, Calgary, Cincinnati, Guadalajara, East Midlands, Hong Kong, Honolulu, Huatulco, Leipzig/Halle, Mexico City, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), San Francisco, San Jose (CA), San José (CR), Seattle/Tacoma, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita, Tucson, Vancouver [121][135][136][137][138][139]
Emirates SkyCargo Copenhagen, Dubai–Al Maktoum, Mexico City, Zaragoza [140][141]
EVA Air Cargo Taipei–Taoyuan [142]
FedEx Express Boston, Burbank, Chicago–O'Hare, Dallas/Fort Worth, Edmonton, Fort Worth/Alliance, Fresno, Honolulu, Indianapolis, Memphis, Miami, Minneapolis/St. Paul, Nashville, Newark, Oakland, Ontario, Orange County, Phoenix–Sky Harbor, Portland (OR), San Diego, Seattle/Tacoma, Sydney, Tulsa
Seasonal: Hartford
Garuda Cargo Jakarta–Soekarno–Hatta
Kalitta Air Orlando, Seattle/Tacoma, Sydney, Vancouver
Korean Air Cargo Anchorage, San Francisco, Seoul–Incheon, Tokyo–Narita, Vancouver [143][144]
Lufthansa Cargo Frankfurt, Manchester [145]
Mas Air Guadalajara, Miami, Mérida, Mexico City, Quito [146]
National Airlines (N8) Anchorage, Nagoya–Centrair, Shanghai–Pudong [147][failed verification]
Nippon Cargo Airlines San Francisco, Tokyo–Narita [148][149]
Qantas Freight Auckland, Chongqing, Honolulu, Melbourne, Sydney [150]
Qatar Airways Cargo Doha, Luxembourg, Mexico City [151][152][153][154]
SF Airlines Hangzhou [155]
Singapore Airlines Cargo Amsterdam, Anchorage, Brussels, Hong Kong [156]
Southern Air Anchorage, Hong Kong, São Paulo–Guarulhos, Seoul–Incheon
Sky Lease Cargo Miami, Tokyo–Narita [157]
UPS Airlines Dallas/Fort Worth, Louisville, Ontario, Orlando
Western Global Airlines Hong Kong [158]

Traffic and statistics

An Avianca Airbus A321 with two American Airlines and one JetBlue aircraft in the background

It is the world's fourth-busiest airport by passenger traffic and eleventh-busiest by cargo traffic,[159] serving over 87 million passengers and 2 million tons of freight and mail in 2018. It is the busiest airport in the state of California, and the second-busiest airport by passenger boardings in the United States. In terms of international passengers, the second busiest airport for international traffic in the United States, behind only JFK in New York City. The number of aircraft movements (landings and takeoffs) was 700,362 in 2017, the third most of any airport in the world.


Annual passenger traffic at LAX airport. See source Wikidata query.
Traffic by calendar year
Passenger volume Aircraft movements Freight
(tons)
Mail
(tons)
1994 51,050,275 689,888 1,516,567 186,878
1995 53,909,223 732,639 1,567,248 193,747
1996 57,974,559 763,866 1,696,663 194,091
1997 60,142,588 781,492 1,852,487 212,410
1998 61,215,712 773,569 1,787,400 264,473
1999 64,279,571 779,150 1,884,526 253,695
2000 67,303,182 783,433 2,002,614 246,538
2001 61,606,204 738,433 1,779,065 162,629
2002 56,223,843 645,424 1,869,932 92,422
2003 54,982,838 622,378 1,924,883 97,193
2004 60,704,568 655,097 2,022,911 92,402
2005 61,489,398 650,629 2,048,817 88,371
2006 61,041,066 656,842 2,022,687 80,395
2007 62,438,583 680,954 2,010,820 66,707
2008 59,815,646 622,506 1,723,038 73,505
2009 56,520,843 544,833 1,599,782 64,073
2010 59,069,409 575,835 1,852,791 74,034
2011 61,862,052 603,912 1,789,204 80,442
2012 63,688,121 605,480 1,867,155 88,438
2013 66,667,619 614,917 1,848,764 77,286
2014 70,662,212 636,706 1,921,302 79,850
2015 74,936,256 655,564 2,047,197 94,299
2016 80,921,527 697,138 2,105,941 99,394
2017 84,557,968 700,362 2,279,878 109,596
2018 87,534,384 707,833 2,338,642 109,694
2019 88,068,013 691,257 2,182,711 130,536
2020 28,779,527 379,364 2,329,348 135,498
Source: Los Angeles World Airports[160]

Top domestic destinations

Busiest domestic routes from LAX (September 2020 - August 2021)[161]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers
1 Dallas/Fort Worth 846,000 American, Delta, Spirit
2 Chicago–O'Hare 734,000 Alaska, American, Spirit, United
3 Las Vegas 714,000 Alaska, Allegiant, American, Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, Spirit, Sun Country, United
4 Denver 708,000 American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit, United
5 New York–JFK 697,000 Alaska, American, Delta, JetBlue, United
6 Honolulu 675,000 Alaska, American, Delta, Hawaiian, Southwest, Sun Country, United
7 Atlanta 639,000 American, Delta, Southwest, Spirit
8 Seattle/Tacoma 568,000 Alaska, American, Delta, JetBlue, Spirit, United
9 Phoenix–Sky Harbor 554,000 American, Delta, Southwest, United
10 San Francisco 530,000 Alaska, American, Delta, JetBlue, Southwest, United
International carriers at Tom Bradley International Terminal
Los Angeles airport diagram of terminals

Top international destinations

Busiest international routes to and from LAX (2019)[162]
Rank Airport Passengers Carriers [163]
1 London–Heathrow 1,566,959 American, British Airways, Delta, United, Virgin Atlantic
2 Paris–Charles de Gaulle 1,047,049 Air France, Air Tahiti Nui, Delta
3 Mexico City 1,038,269 Aeroméxico, American, Delta, VivaAerobus, Volaris
4 Seoul–Incheon 997,058 Asiana Airlines, Korean Air
5 Guadalajara 993,086 Aeroméxico, Alaska, VivaAerobus, Volaris
6 Vancouver 975,307 Air Canada, American, United, WestJet
7 Sydney 965,671 American, Delta, Qantas, United
8 Hong Kong 941,900 Cathay Pacific
9 Tokyo–Narita 889,475 All Nippon Airways, Japan Airlines, Singapore Airlines, United
10 Shanghai–Pudong 873,106 China Eastern, Delta, United

Airline market share

Largest airlines at LAX (2020)[164]
Rank Airline Passengers Share
1 American Airlines 5,815,593 20.21%
2 Delta Air Lines 5,430,175 18.87%
3 United Airlines 4,069,094 14.14%
4 Southwest Airlines 3,240,312 11.26%
5 Alaska Airlines 2,218,478 7.71%

Ground transportation and access

LAX sign as seen near the entrance of the airport

Transiting between terminals

In the secure area of the airport, tunnels or above-ground connectors link terminals 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, and B (Tom Bradley International Terminal). Connectors are currently under construction between terminals 1, 2, 3 and B.

LAX Shuttle route A operates in a counter-clockwise loop around the Central Terminal Area, providing frequent service for connecting passengers. However, connecting passengers who use these shuttles must leave and then later re-enter security.

LAX Shuttle routes

LAX operates several shuttle routes to connect passengers and employees around the airport area:[165]

Route A Terminal Connector operates in a counter-clockwise loop around the Central Terminal Area, providing frequent service for connecting passengers. However, connecting passengers who use these shuttles must leave and then later re-enter security.

Route C City Bus Center connects the Central Terminal Area and the LAX City Bus Center which is served by transit buses from Beach Cities Transit, Culver CityBus, Los Angeles Metro, Santa Monica Big Blue Bus and Torrance Transit. Buses on this route also serve the Employee South Lot.

Route E Economy Parking connects the Central Terminal Area and the Intermodal Transport Facility–West, the airport's economy parking garage.

Route M Metro Connector connects the Central Terminal Area and the Aviation/LAX station on the Metro C Line, 2.4 miles (3.9 km) away. Buses also stop at the "Remote Rental Car Depot," a bus stop served by shuttles to smaller rental car companies.

Route X LAX Employee Lots connects the Central Terminal Area and the Employee Parking Lots. The route has three service patterns, the East Lot route only stops at Terminals 1, 2, 3, and B; the West Lot route only stops at Terminals 4, 5, 6, and 7; and the South Lot route stops at all terminals and also stops at the City Bus Center as Route C.

Transit buses

LAX City Bus Center, prior to its demolition and reconfiguration

Most transit buses operate from the LAX City Bus Center, which is located away from the Central Terminal Area, inside Parking Lot C on 96th Street, east of Sepulveda Boulevard.

LAX Shuttle route C offers free connections between the LAX City Bus Center/Parking Lot C and the Central Terminal Area.

The LAX City Bus Center is served by Beach Cities Transit line 109 to Redondo Beach, Culver CityBus lines 6 and Rapid 6 to Culver City and UCLA, Los Angeles Metro lines 102 to South Gate, 111 to Norwalk, 117 to Downey and 232 to Long Beach, Santa Monica Big Blue Bus lines 3 and Rapid 3 to Santa Monica, and Torrance Transit line 8 to Torrance. During the overnight hours, Los Angeles Metro line 40 offers service to Downtown Los Angeles.

The LAX City Bus Center will eventually be replaced by the Intermodal Transport Facility-East, which will be connected to the rest of LAX by the Automated People Mover system.

There is also a bus stop at Sepulveda Boulevard and Century Boulevard that is a .25-mile (0.40 km) walk away from Terminals 1 and 7/8 that is served by LADOT Commuter Express line 574 to Sylmar and Encino. This bus stop is also served by some of the same routes as the LAX City Bus Center: Los Angeles Metro lines 40 (overnight only), 117 and 232 and Torrance Transit line 8.

FlyAway Bus

The FlyAway bus is a nonstop motorcoach/shuttle service run by LAWA, which provides scheduled service between LAX and Union Station in Downtown LA or the FlyAway Terminal at the Van Nuys Airport in the San Fernando Valley.[166]

FlyAway buses stop at every LAX terminal in a counter-clockwise direction, starting at terminal 1. The service hours vary based on the line, with most leaving on or near the top of the hour. Buses use the regional system of high-occupancy vehicle lanes and high-occupancy toll lanes (Metro ExpressLanes) to expedite their trips.

Metro Rail

LAX does not currently have any direct service from the Los Angeles Metro Rail system, however there is a bus connection to a nearby station.

LAX Shuttle route G offers free connections between the Central Terminal Area and the Aviation/LAX station on the C Line, 2.4 miles (3.9 km) away.

In 2023, Aviation/Century station on the K Line is expected to open about 1.2 miles (1.9 km) away from the Central Terminal Area and will the LAX Shuttle will be rerouted.

In 2024, Aviation/96th Street station on the K Line is expected to open and will have a direct connection to the LAX Automated People Mover system to the Central Terminal Area.

LAX Automated People Mover

LAX Automated People Mover
Legend
Consolidated Rent-A-Car Facility
Intermodal Transportation Facility–East
Aviation/96th Street
LAMetroLogo.svg K Line 
Maintenance and Storage Facility
Intermodal Transportation Facility–West
Terminal 9
(future)
East CTA
(Terminals 7, 8)
Center CTA
(Terminals 1, 2, 5, 6)
West CTA
(Terminals 3, 4, B)

The LAX Automated People Mover (APM) is an electric train system currently under construction by LAWA. The APM will travel 2.25 miles (3.62 km) and will have three stations serving the Central Terminal Area (Terminals 1–8 and the Tom Bradley International Terminal).[167]

Leaving the Central Terminal Area stations, heading east, the first station will be the Intermodal Transportation Facility–West, a large long-term parking structure, located near employee parking and hotels. The next station will be the Intermodal Transportation Facility–East, which is being built on top of Metro Rail's Aviation/96th Street station and will also have a transit bus terminal. The last stop on the APM will be Consolidated Rent-A-Car facility, which will house of the car rental companies.[168]

The APM project is estimated to cost $5.5 billion and be completed in 2023.[169][170]

Freeways and roads

The 405 freeway near LAX

LAX's terminals are immediately west of the interchange between Century Boulevard and Sepulveda Boulevard (State Route 1). Interstate 405 can be reached to the east via Century Boulevard. Interstate 105 is to the south via Sepulveda Boulevard, through the Airport Tunnel that crosses under the airport runways.

Taxis, ride-share and private shuttles

Arriving passengers take a shuttle or walk to the LAXit waiting area east of Terminal 1 for taxi or ride-share pickups.[171][172][173] Taxicab services are operated by nine city-authorized taxi companies and regulated by Authorized Taxicab Supervision Inc. (ATS).[174] ATS queues up taxis at the LAXit waiting area.

A number of private shuttle companies also offer limousine and bus services to LAX, including from suburban areas such as Lancaster, Palmdale, and Santa Clarita. Bakersfield had a similar service to LAX, but it suspended operations during the 2020 pandemic.

Other facilities

Hotels next to LAX

The airport has the administrative offices of Los Angeles World Airports.[175]

Continental Airlines once had its corporate headquarters on the airport property. At a 1962 press conference in the office of Mayor of Los Angeles Sam Yorty, Continental Airlines announced that it planned to move its headquarters to Los Angeles in July 1963.[176] In 1963 Continental Airlines headquarters moved to a two-story, $2.3 million building on the grounds of the airport.[177][178] The July 2009 Continental Magazine issue stated that the move "underlined Continental Airlines western and Pacific orientation".[179] On July 1, 1983 the airline's headquarters were relocated to the America Tower in the Neartown area of Houston.[180]

In addition to Continental Airlines, Western Airlines and Flying Tiger Line also had their headquarters at LAX.[181][182]

Flight Path Learning Center & Museum

The Flight Path Learning Center is a museum located at 6661 Imperial Highway and was formerly known as the "West Imperial Terminal". This building used to house some charter flights. It sat empty for 10 years until it was re-opened as a learning center for LAX.

The center contains information on the history of aviation, several pictures of the airport, as well as aircraft scale models, flight attendant uniforms, and general airline memorabilia such as playing cards, china, magazines, signs, a TWA gate information sign.

The museum's library contains an extensive collection of rare items such as aircraft manufacturer company newsletters/magazines, technical manuals for both military and civilian aircraft, industry magazines dating back to World War II and before, historic photographs and other invaluable references on aircraft operation and manufacturing.[183]

The museum has on display "The Spirit of Seventy-Six," a DC-3 that flew in commercial airline service, before serving as a corporate aircraft for Union 76 Oil Company for 32 years. The plane was built in the Douglas Aircraft Company plant in Santa Monica in January 1941, which was a major producer of both commercial and military aircraft.[184]

Accidents and incidents

LAX Airport Response Coordination Center used to coordinate emergency response

During its history there have been numerous incidents, but only the most notable are summarized below:[185]

1930s

  • On January 23, 1939, the sole prototype Douglas 7B twin-engine attack bomber, designed and built as a company project, suffered a loss of the vertical fin and rudder during a demonstration flight over Mines Field, flat spun into the parking lot of North American Aviation, and burned. Another source states that the test pilot, in an attempt to impress the Gallic passenger, attempted a snap roll at low altitude with one engine feathered, resulting in the fatal spin.[186] Douglas test pilot Johnny Cable bailed out at 300 feet, his chute unfurled but did not have time to deploy, he was killed on impact, the flight engineer John Parks rode in the airframe and died, but 33-year-old French Air Force Capt. Paul Chemidlin, riding in the aft fuselage near the top turret, survived with a broken leg, severe back injuries, and a slight concussion. The presence of Chemidlin, a representative of a foreign purchasing mission, caused a furor in Congress by isolationists over neutrality and export laws. The type was developed as the Douglas DB-7.[187]

1940s

  • On June 1, 1940, the first Douglas R3D-1 for the U.S. Navy, BuNo 1901, crashed at Mines Field, before delivery. The Navy later acquired the privately owned DC-5 prototype, from William E. Boeing as a replacement.[188]
  • On November 20, 1940, the prototype NA-73X Mustang, NX19998,[189] first flown October 26, 1940, by test pilot Vance Breese, crashed this date.[190] According to P-51 designer Edgar Schmued, the NA-73 was lost because test pilot Paul Balfour refused, before a high-speed test run, to go through the takeoff and flight test procedure with Schmued while the aircraft was on the ground, claiming "one airplane was like another". After making two high speed passes over Mines Field, he forgot to put the fuel valve on "reserve" and during the third pass ran out of fuel. An emergency landing in a freshly plowed field caused the wheels to dig in, the aircraft flipped over, the airframe was not rebuilt, the second aircraft being used for subsequent testing.[191]
  • On October 26, 1944, WASP pilot Gertrude Tompkins Silver of the 601st Ferrying Squadron, 5th Ferrying Group, Love Field, Dallas, Texas, departed Los Angeles Airport, in a North American P-51D Mustang, 44-15669,[192] at 1600 hrs PWT, headed for the East Coast. She took off into the wind, into an offshore fog bank, and was expected that night at Palm Springs. She never arrived. Owing to a paperwork foul-up, a search did not get under way for several days, and while the eventual search of land and sea was massive, it failed to find a trace of Silver or her plane. She is the only missing WASP pilot. She had married Sgt. Henry Silver one month before her disappearance.[193]

1950s

  • On June 30, 1956, United Airlines Flight 718 collided with TWA Flight 2 over the Grand Canyon, killing 128 people. Both aircraft departed LAX, with fight 718 bound for Chicago Midway, and flight 2 bound for Kansas City. The cause was found to be issues within the US air traffic control system and aviation law.

1960s

  • On January 13, 1969, Scandinavian Airlines System Flight 933 Douglas DC-8-62, crashed into Santa Monica Bay, approximately 6 nautical miles (11 km) west of LAX at 7:21 pm, local time. The aircraft was operating as flight SK933, nearing the completion of a flight from Seattle. Of nine crewmembers, three lost their lives to drowning, while 12 of the 36 passengers also drowned.
  • On January 18, 1969, United Airlines Flight 266 a Boeing 727-100 bearing the registration number N7434U, crashed into Santa Monica Bay approximately 11.3 miles (18.2 km) west of LAX at 6:21 pm local time. The aircraft was destroyed, resulting in the death of all 32 passengers and six crew members aboard.

1970s

  • On the evening of June 6, 1971, Hughes Airwest Flight 706, a Douglas DC-9 jetliner that had departed LAX on a flight to Salt Lake City, Utah, was struck nine minutes after takeoff by a U.S. Marine Corps McDonnell Douglas F-4 Phantom II fighter jet over the San Gabriel Mountains. The midair collision killed all 44 passengers and five crew members aboard the DC-9 airliner and one of two crewmen aboard the military jet.
  • On August 4, 1971, Continental Airlines Flight 712, a Boeing 707, collided in midair with a Cessna 150 over Compton. There were no fatalities.[194]
  • On August 6, 1974, a bomb exploded near the Pan Am ticketing area at Terminal 2; three people were killed and 35 were injured.[195]
  • On March 1, 1978, two tires burst in succession on a McDonnell Douglas DC-10-10 on Continental Airlines Flight 603 during its takeoff roll at LAX and the plane, bound for Honolulu, veered off the runway. A third tire burst and the DC-10's left landing gear collapsed, causing a fuel tank to rupture. Following the aborted takeoff, spilled fuel ignited and enveloped the center portion of the aircraft in flames. During the ensuing emergency evacuation, a husband and wife died when they exited the passenger cabin onto the wing and dropped down directly into the flames. Two additional passengers died of their injuries approximately three months after the accident; 74 others aboard the plane were injured, as were 11 firemen battling the fire.
  • On the evening of March 10, 1979, Swift Aire Flight 235, a twin-engine Aerospatiale Nord 262A-33 turboprop en route to Santa Maria, was forced to ditch in Santa Monica Bay after experiencing engine problems upon takeoff from LAX. The pilot, co-pilot, and a female passenger drowned when they were unable to exit the aircraft after the ditching. The female flight attendant and the three remaining passengers—two men and a pregnant woman—survived and were rescued by several pleasure boats and other watercraft in the vicinity.

1980s

  • On August 31, 1986, Aeroméxico Flight 498, a DC-9 en route from Mexico City, Mexico to Los Angeles, began its descent into LAX when a Piper Cherokee collided with the DC-9's left horizontal stabilizer over Cerritos, causing the DC-9 to crash into a residential neighborhood. All 67 people on the two aircraft were killed, in addition to 15 people on the ground. 5 homes were destroyed and an additional 7 were damaged by the crash and resulting fire. The Piper went down in a nearby schoolyard and caused no further injuries on the ground. As a result of this incident, the FAA required all commercial aircraft to be equipped with Traffic Collision Avoidance System (TCAS).

1990s

  • On February 1, 1991, USAir Flight 1493 (arriving from Columbus, Ohio), a Boeing 737-300, landing on runway 24L at LAX, collided on touchdown with a SkyWest Airlines Fairchild Metroliner, Flight 5569 departing to Palmdale. The Skywest plane was given clearance to wait on the runway for takeoff. The same controller then gave the USAir plane clearance to land on the same runway, forgetting that the SkyWest plane was there. The collision killed all 12 occupants of the SkyWest plane and 23 people aboard the USAir 737.[196][197]
  • On September 6, 1993, Air New Zealand Flight 55, a Boeing 767-200, suffered a right rear undercarriage failure while boarding for Honolulu. The aircraft was at Gate 104 in the Tom Bradley Terminal. There were 9 crew and 195 passengers onboard. Mud from a runway excursion was slammed for causing the corrosion and stress cracking which caused the failure.[198]

2000s

2010s

  • On October 13 and 14, 2013, two incidents of dry ice bomb explosions occurred at the airport. The first dry ice bomb exploded at 7:00 p.m. in an employee restroom in Terminal 2, with no injuries. Terminal 2 was briefly shut down as a result. On the next day at 8:30 p.m., a dry ice bomb exploded on the ramp area near the Tom Bradley International Terminal, also without injuries. Two other plastic bottles containing dry ice were found at the scene during the second explosion. On October 15, a 28-year-old airport employee was arrested in connection with the explosions and was booked on charges of possession of an explosive or destructive device near an aircraft.[211][212][213] On October 18, a 41-year-old airport employee was arrested in connection with the second explosion, and was booked on suspicion of possessing a destructive device near an aircraft.[214] Authorities believe that the incidents were not linked to terrorism.[211] Both men subsequently pleaded no contest and were each sentenced to three years' probation. The airport workers had removed dry ice from a cargo hold into which a dog was to be loaded, because of fears that the dry ice could harm the animal.[215]
  • In the 2013 Los Angeles International Airport shooting of November 1, 2013, at around 9:31 a.m. PDT, a lone gunman entered Terminal 3 and opened fire with a semi-automatic rifle, killing a Transportation Security Administration (TSA) officer and wounding three other people. The gunman was later apprehended and taken into custody. Until the situation was clarified and under control, a few terminals at the airport were evacuated, all inbound flights were diverted and all outbound flights were grounded until the airport began returning to normal operation at around 2:30 p.m.[216][217]
  • On August 28, 2016, there was a false report of shots fired throughout the airport, causing a temporary lock down and about 3 hours of flight delays.[218]
  • On May 20, 2017, Aeroméxico Flight 642, a Boeing 737-800, collided with a utility truck on a taxiway near Runway 25R, injuring 8 people, two of them seriously.[219]
  • On November 21, 2019, Philippine Airlines Flight 113, operated by a Boeing 777-300ER suffered an engine compressor stall shortly after take off from the airport's Runway 25R, forcing the flight to return. The flight made a successful emergency landing just 13 minutes after departure. There were 342 passengers and 18 crew onboard the flight, with no injuries reported.[220]

2020s

  • On October 28, 2021, a gun scare caused more than 300 passengers were evacuated to the Terminal 1 tarmac. The flights were temporarily suspended, and at least two were injured during the evacuation. No shots were fired and no gun was found but two people were detained for questioning.[221]

Aircraft spotting

The "Imperial Hill" area of El Segundo is a prime location for aircraft spotting, especially for takeoffs. Part of the Imperial Hill area has been set aside as a city park, Clutter's Park.

Another popular spotting location sits under the final approach for runways 24 L&R on a lawn next to the Westchester In-N-Out Burger on Sepulveda Boulevard. This is one of the few remaining locations in Southern California from which spotters may watch such a wide variety of low-flying commercial airliners from directly underneath a flight path.

One can also do aircraft spotting at a small park in the take-off pattern that (normally) goes out over the Pacific. The park is on the East side of the street Vista Del Mar from where it takes its name, Vista Del Mar Park.

Space Shuttle Endeavour

At 12:51 p.m. on Friday, September 21, 2012, a Shuttle Carrier Aircraft carrying the Space Shuttle Endeavour landed at LAX on runway 25L.[222] An estimated 10,000 people saw the shuttle land. Interstate 105 was backed up for miles at a standstill. Imperial Highway was shut down for spectators. It was quickly taken off the Shuttle Carrier Aircraft, a modified Boeing 747, and was moved to a United Airlines hangar. The shuttle spent about a month in the hangar while it was prepared to be transported to the California Science Center.

In popular culture

Numerous films and television shows have been set or filmed partially at LAX, at least partly due to the airport's proximity to Hollywood studios and Los Angeles. Film shoots at the Los Angeles airports, including LAX, produced $590 million for the Los Angeles region from 2002 to 2005.[223][224]

See also

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Further reading

  • Bullock, Freddy. LAX: Los Angeles International Airport (1998)
  • Schoneberger, William A., Ethel Pattison, and Lee Nichols. Los Angeles International Airport (Arcadia Publishing, 2009.)

External links

  • Los Angeles International Airport official website
  • LAneXt website
  • LAX Noise Management Internet Flight Tracking System
  • FAA Airport Diagram (PDF), effective December 2, 2021
  • Los Angeles International Airport travel guide from Wikivoyage
  • Resources for this airport:
    • AirNav airport information for KLAX
    • ASN accident history for LAX
    • FlightAware airport information and live flight tracker
    • NOAA/NWS weather observations: current, past three days
    • SkyVector aeronautical chart for KLAX
    • FAA current LAX delay information