The "three worlds" of the Cold War era, between AprilAugust 1975
  1st World: Western Bloc led by the USA and its allies
  2nd World: Eastern Bloc led by the USSR, China, and their allies
  3rd World: Non-Aligned and neutral countries
Political situation in Europe during the Cold War

The Western Bloc during the Cold War refers to the capitalist countries who were under the hegemony of the United States and NATO against the Soviet Union and the Warsaw Pact. The latter were referred to as the Eastern Bloc. The governments and press of the Western Bloc were more inclined to refer to themselves as the "Free World" or the "Western world", whereas the Eastern Bloc was often called the "Communist world or Second world".

Since the end of the Cold War, until recently, further escalation between China and Russia became tense since the NATO bombing of Yugoslavia in 1999, such as the conflicts in the Middle East (particularly in Iran, Syria and Yemen), Venezuela and Ukraine.[1]

Western Bloc associations

 NATO

ANZUS

CENTO

Rio Treaty

SEATO

Map of SEATO members in 1959, shown in blue

East Asia

See also

References

  1. ^ https://thediplomat.com/2016/03/russia-china-the-wests-dual-challenge/

Sources

  • Matloff, Maurice. Makers of Modern Strategy. Ed. Peter Paret. Princeton: Princeton UP, 1971. 702.
  • Kissinger, Henry. Diplomacy. New York: Simon & Schuster, 1994. 447,454.
  • Lewkowicz, Nicolas. The United States, the Soviet Union and the Geopolitical Implications of the Origins of the Cold War New York and London: Anthem Press, 2018.