List of cities by sunshine duration

Summary

The following is a list of cities by sunshine duration. Sunshine duration is a climatological indicator, measuring duration of sunshine in given period (usually, a day or a year) for a given location on Earth, typically expressed as an averaged value over several years. It is a general indicator of cloudiness of a location, and thus differs from insolation, which measures the total energy delivered by sunlight over a given period.

Sunshine duration is usually expressed in hours per year, or in (average) hours per day. The first measure indicates the general sunniness of a location compared with other places, while the latter allows for comparison of sunshine in various seasons in the same location.[1] Another often-used measure is percentage ratio of recorded bright sunshine duration and daylight duration in the observed period.

Africa

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Sunshine hours for selected cities in Africa
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Ivory Coast Gagnoa 183.0 180.0 196.0 188.0 181.0 118.0 97.0 80.0 110.0 155.0 171.0 164.0 1,823.0 [2]
Ivory Coast Bouaké 242.0 224.0 219.0 194.0 208.0 145.0 104.0 82.0 115.0 170.0 191.0 198.0 2,092.0 [2]
Ivory Coast Abidjan 223.0 223.0 239.0 214.0 205.0 128.0 137.0 125.0 139.0 215.0 224.0 224.0 2,296.0 [2]
Ivory Coast Odienné 242.0 220.2 217.3 214.7 248.8 221.8 183.5 174.5 185.4 235.8 252.0 242.6 2,638.6 [3]
Ivory Coast Ferké 279.0 249.0 253.0 229.0 251.0 221.0 183.0 151.0 173.0 245.0 261.0 262.0 2,757.0 [2]
Benin Cotonou 213.9 210.0 223.2 219.0 213.9 141.0 136.4 148.8 165.0 207.7 243.0 223.2 2,345.2 [4]
Benin Parakou 261.0 243.0 252.0 230.0 239.0 193.0 133.0 104.0 129.0 217.0 252.0 248.0 2,501.0 [2]
Benin Kandi 279.0 257.6 260.4 255.0 272.8 252.0 223.2 195.3 213.0 275.9 282.0 279.0 3,045.2 [5]
Togo Lomé 217.5 214.0 227.9 201.9 208.6 146.0 141.6 148.8 152.5 205.5 234.0 235.6 2,333.9 [6]
Togo Mango 285.0 254.0 270.0 241.0 261.0 219.0 168.0 131.0 161.0 273.0 284.0 279.0 2,826.0 [2]
Ghana Accra 217.0 226.0 217.0 210.0 217.0 150.0 155.0 155.0 180.0 217.0 240.0 248.0 2,432.0 [7]
Ghana Tamale 265.6 235.7 249.6 229.0 248.0 212.0 171.5 139.0 161.0 260.9 283.0 263.5 2,718.7 [8]
Ghana Kumasi 186.6 187.2 205.4 204.0 204.7 146.3 101.2 77.0 106.2 161.4 193.8 178.0 1,951.8 [9]
Cameroon Garoua 275.0 252.6 260.1 245.4 256.7 224.4 194.0 187.2 204.5 261.5 279.2 286.5 2,927.1 [10]
Cameroon N'Gaoundéré 286.4 258.7 235.4 195.5 195.4 165.7 128.0 127.8 139.0 184.0 264.1 291.4 2,471.4 [11]
Cameroon Douala 184.0 179.0 170.0 174.0 169.0 107.0 55.0 46.0 79.0 120.0 160.0 175.0 1,618.0 [2]
Cameroon Yaoundé 177.0 172.0 149.0 153.0 158.0 112.0 85.0 83.0 97.0 120.0 159.0 179.0 1,644.0 [2]
Gabon Libreville 175.2 176.8 176.9 176.8 159.5 130.6 119.2 90.4 95.9 112.9 134.6 167.8 1,716.6 [12]
Gabon Port-Gentil 150.4 160.8 154.5 151.5 147.8 156.3 163.1 135.3 125.7 116.1 115.1 147.2 1,723.8 [13]
Nigeria Lagos 164.3 169.5 173.6 180.0 176.7 114.0 99.2 108.5 114.0 167.4 186.0 192.2 1,845.4 [14]
Nigeria Makurdi 236.0 226.0 223.0 216.0 223.0 177.0 143.0 118.0 144.0 198.0 228.0 248.0 2,380.0 [15]
Nigeria Jos 307.0 274.0 260.0 220.0 208.0 201.0 151.0 127.0 171.0 242.0 294.0 313.0 2,768.0 [15]
Nigeria Kano 275.0 255.0 267.0 252.0 273.0 261.0 233.0 186.0 237.0 295.0 297.0 285.0 3,114.0 [15]
Nigeria Sokoto 279.0 269.0 282.0 255.0 279.0 282.0 229.0 208.0 243.0 307.0 297.0 288.0 3,238.0 [15]
Sudan Port Sudan 214.0 230.0 282.0 312.0 338.0 309.0 307.0 298.0 300.0 307.0 249.0 236.0 3,382.0 [15]
Sudan Khartoum 341.0 311.0 310.0 330.0 300.0 300.0 279.0 279.0 300.0 310.0 330.0 341.0 3,737.1 [16]
Eritrea Asmara 304.7 289.1 300.7 300.5 298.5 271.5 217.9 220.1 260.4 301.0 292.5 299.1 3,361.0 [17]
Burkina Faso Ouagadougou 287.0 263.0 264.0 256.0 277.0 264.0 240.0 223.0 217.0 273.0 288.0 284.0 3,136.0 [18]
Burkina Faso Ouahigouya 291.0 267.0 280.0 268.0 284.0 272.0 258.0 253.0 261.0 280.0 288.0 280.0 3,282.0 [19]
Niger Niamey 297.6 263.2 269.7 252.0 279.0 267.0 257.3 235.6 235.6 282.6 282.0 279.0 3,203.2 [20]
Chad N'Djamena 297.6 277.2 282.1 273.0 285.2 258.0 213.9 201.5 228.0 285.2 300.0 303.8 3,205.5 [21]
Chad Abéché 316.2 291.2 300.7 300.0 313.1 300.0 254.2 226.3 261.0 306.9 312.0 319.3 3,500.9 [22]
Gambia Banjul 279.0 282.0 310.0 300.0 310.0 270.0 186.0 186.0 180.0 248.0 240.0 279.0 3,070.0 [23]
Senegal Dakar 253.0 249.0 303.0 301.0 299.0 259.0 233.0 204.0 219.0 254.0 256.0 249.0 3,078.0 [2]
Senegal Thiès 267.0 260.0 325.0 332.0 324.0 276.0 226.0 188.0 221.0 267.0 271.0 257.0 3,214.0 [2]
Somalia Mogadishu 268.0 251.0 282.0 260.0 273.0 218.0 226.0 253.0 265.0 267.0 261.0 259.0 3,082.0 [15]
Somalia Buloburde 290.0 283.0 293.0 249.0 287.0 261.0 216.0 238.0 262.0 230.0 246.0 268.0 3,124.0 [24]
Djibouti Djibouti City 254.0 249.0 279.0 279.0 310.0 237.0 236.0 276.0 282.0 310.0 291.0 276.0 3,279.0 [25]
Mali Ségou 292.0 276.0 292.0 263.0 274.0 266.0 254.0 223.0 242.0 283.0 287.0 287.0 3,239.0 [26]
Mali Timbuktu 263.9 249.6 269.9 254.6 275.3 234.7 248.6 255.3 248.9 273.0 274.0 258.7 3,106.5 [26]
Mali Bamako 277.4 253.0 268.1 230.4 242.6 233.6 216.6 218.3 221.7 253.7 270.7 268.9 2,954.1 [27]
Algeria Algiers 149.0 165.0 202.0 258.0 319.0 318.0 350.0 319.0 237.0 229.0 165.0 136.0 2,847.0 [28]
Algeria Tamanrasset 297.6 275.5 322.4 327.0 328.6 306.0 356.5 331.7 288.0 310.0 285.0 272.8 3,686.0 [29]
Tunisia Tunis 145.7 165.3 198.4 225.0 282.1 309.0 356.5 328.6 258.0 217.0 174.0 148.8 2,808.4 [30]
Tunisia Gabes 220.1 215.6 251.1 267.0 313.1 321.0 372.0 353.4 279.0 260.4 228.0 210.8 3,291.5 [31]
Morocco Rabat 179.8 183.6 232.5 255.0 291.4 288.0 316.2 306.9 261.0 235.6 189.0 179.8 2,918.8 [32]
Morocco Marrakech 220.1 211.8 248.0 255.0 288.3 315.0 334.8 316.2 264.0 244.9 213.0 220.1 3,131.2 [33]
Morocco Ouarzazate 251.8 244.9 297.2 315.2 332.7 335.0 317.7 293.2 266.4 271.3 242.9 248.1 3,416.4 [34]
Egypt Alexandria 217.0 226.2 279.0 318.0 337.9 357.0 372.0 368.9 333.0 306.9 246.0 207.7 3,579.5 [35]
Egypt Cairo 229.4 234.9 279.0 306.0 331.7 363.0 372.0 356.5 318.0 294.5 246.0 210.8 3,541.8 [35]
Egypt Dakhla Oasis 294.5 279.7 316.2 315.0 356.5 366.0 384.4 375.1 336.0 328.6 300.0 291.4 3,943.4 ?
Egypt Hurghada 265.7 277.6 274.3 285.6 317.4 348.0 352.3 322.4 301.6 275.2 263.9 246.7 3,530.7 ?
Egypt Marsa Alam 279.0 283.0 310.0 330.0 372.0 390.0 403.0 372.0 330.0 310.0 300.0 279.0 3,958.0 [36]
Libya Tripoli 206.0 214.0 237.0 250.0 315.0 312.0 376.0 352.0 271.0 244.0 212.0 198.0 3,187.0 [37]
Libya Benghazi 179.8 192.0 232.5 252.0 319.3 327.0 381.3 365.8 288.0 251.1 213.0 167.4 3,169.2 [38]
Kenya Mombasa 269.7 257.1 269.7 225.0 204.6 207.0 210.8 244.9 246.0 272.8 264.0 260.4 2,932.0 [39]
Kenya Nairobi 288.3 266.0 267.0 204.0 189.1 159.0 130.2 127.1 180.0 226.3 198.0 257.3 2,492.3 [40]
Kenya Garissa 251.1 235.2 263.5 273.0 282.1 255.0 254.2 257.3 270.0 279.0 252.0 241.8 3,114.2 [41]
Kenya Lodwar 319.0 280.0 282.0 279.0 307.0 297.0 279.0 310.0 321.0 316.0 282.0 310.0 3,582.0 [24]
Angola Luanda 219.0 208.0 213.0 199.0 233.0 223.0 175.0 150.0 145.0 164.0 199.0 212.0 2,341.0 [15]
South Sudan Juba 288.3 237.8 220.1 195.0 241.8 225.0 182.9 213.9 225.0 235.6 237.0 251.1 2,753.5 [35]
South Sudan Wau 300.7 269.7 260.4 228.0 254.2 237.0 176.7 192.2 210.0 229.4 267.0 303.8 2,929.1 [35]
Tanzania Dar-es-Salaam 251.0 241.0 217.0 156.0 192.0 231.0 251.0 242.0 243.0 254.0 270.0 287.0 2,815.0 [15]
Tanzania Zanzibar 251.0 243.0 213.0 180.0 210.0 220.0 235.0 253.0 254.0 270.0 250.0 259.0 2,838.0 [42]
Tanzania Tabora 216.0 218.0 219.0 227.0 283.0 303.0 310.0 297.0 312.0 301.0 240.0 217.0 3,143.0 [42]
Tanzania Dodoma 241.8 217.5 241.8 240.0 279.0 294.0 341.0 297.6 300.0 310.0 303.0 269.7 3,335.4 [43]
Ethiopia Mekelle 294.2 276.7 279.9 277.2 303.2 230.1 165.5 166.5 248.7 291.1 292.8 303.5 3,129.4 [44]
Ethiopia Addis Abeba 269.7 246.5 248.0 213.0 217.0 156.0 111.6 133.3 138.0 266.6 267.0 266.6 2,440.3 [35]
Congo Brazzaville 168.0 152.0 194.0 185.0 188.0 153.0 127.0 149.0 145.0 150.0 157.0 147.0 1,915.0 [2]
Congo Pointe-Noire 157.0 156.0 164.0 160.0 150.0 132.0 119.0 106.0 70.0 93.0 123.0 144.0 1,574.0 [2]
Congo Dolisie 153.0 164.0 159.0 152.0 151.0 136.0 119.0 105.0 91.0 116.0 128.0 133.0 1,607.0 [2]
Democratic Republic of the Congo Kinshasa 124.0 140.0 155.0 150.0 155.0 120.0 124.0 155.0 120.0 155.0 150.0 124.0 1,672.0 [45]
Democratic Republic of the Congo Lubumbashi 129.0 120.0 174.0 234.0 291.0 295.0 315.0 318.0 294.0 282.0 194.0 132.0 2,778.0 [15]
Mauritania Nouadhibou 271.0 248.0 300.0 295.0 315.0 303.0 275.0 281.0 261.0 260.0 257.0 264.0 3,332.0 [2]
Mauritania Nouakchott 267.0 250.0 302.0 311.0 320.0 284.0 271.0 265.0 266.0 263.0 268.0 267.0 3,333.0 [2]
South Africa Pretoria 261.0 235.0 254.0 246.6 283.0 271.0 289.0 296.0 284.0 275.0 254.0 272.0 3,220.0 [46]
South Africa Cape Town 337.9 297.4 292.9 233.5 205.3 175.4 193.1 212.1 224.7 277.7 309.8 334.2 3,094.0 [47]
South Africa Johannesburg 250.1 224.8 238.8 236.9 276.0 266.9 283.9 284.1 280.8 269.5 248.7 263.9 3,124.4 [48]
South Africa Bloemfontein 296.3 247.9 258.6 250.2 266.0 249.9 272.6 285.9 278.0 290.9 296.5 319.5 3,312.3 [49]
South Africa Upington 352.9 298.7 297.5 283.5 290.5 270.3 289.8 307.3 300.2 328.9 345.2 367.0 3,731.8 [50]
South Africa Durban 184.0 178.8 201.6 206.4 223.6 224.9 230.4 217.0 173.3 169.4 166.1 189.9 2,365.4 [51]
Botswana Maun 245.0 207.0 257.0 282.0 310.0 300.0 313.0 332.0 315.0 291.0 264.0 214.0 3,330.0 [15]
Botswana Gaborone 280.6 261.5 264.4 260.5 284.2 260.0 292.4 313.6 308.4 295.4 265.5 285.2 3,371.0 [52]
Botswana Ghanzi 295.0 280.0 313.0 282.0 316.0 306.0 316.0 319.0 305.0 279.0 300.0 267.0 3,579.0 [15]
Zambia Ndola 151.9 142.8 192.2 243.0 279.0 276.0 297.6 297.6 279.0 269.7 207.0 158.1 2,793.9 [53]
Zambia Lusaka 176.7 168.0 220.1 246.0 275.9 270.0 294.5 303.8 291.0 272.8 234.0 182.9 2,935.7 [54]
Zambia Livingstone 213.9 196.0 251.1 273.0 303.8 288.0 310.0 319.3 297.0 279.0 228.0 207.7 3,166.8 [55]
Zimbabwe Harare 217.0 190.4 232.5 249.0 269.7 264.0 279.0 300.7 294.0 285.2 231.0 198.4 3,010.9 [56]
Zimbabwe Bulawayo 244.9 212.8 251.1 252.0 279.0 267.0 288.3 300.7 288.0 272.8 237.0 226.3 3,119.9 [57]
Malawi Karonga 176.7 170.8 207.7 222.0 254.2 264.0 285.2 306.9 306.0 319.3 273.0 213.9 2,999.7 [58]
Malawi Blantyre 198.4 182.0 217.0 237.0 260.4 237.0 232.3 260.4 270.0 275.9 228.0 198.4 2,797.0 [59]
Malawi Mzuzu 145.7 142.1 164.3 171.0 217.0 219.0 238.5 275.9 288.0 300.7 252.0 176.7 2,590.9 [60]
Madagascar Fianarantsoa 191.1 171.0 175.4 184.8 186.0 165.9 163.5 191.1 220.5 230.4 208.0 190.1 2,277.8 [61]
Madagascar Toamasina 224.7 198.2 191.0 196.9 192.1 162.5 162.8 184.6 209.7 232.7 236.0 219.2 2,410.4 [62]
Madagascar Antananarivo 210.5 178.0 199.1 220.5 228.8 206.1 213.9 235.0 249.5 251.0 232.7 201.1 2,626.2 [63]
Madagascar Antsiranana 189.2 170.0 214.9 256.4 284.8 256.5 273.1 283.6 293.3 306.8 281.5 228.9 3,039.0 [64]
Madagascar Mahajanga 209.0 184.9 244.8 269.9 294.9 282.9 291.5 303.1 307.0 319.7 288.2 227.3 3,223.2 [65]
Madagascar Toliara 305.0 285.0 296.0 302.0 306.0 277.0 291.0 298.0 307.0 324.0 313.0 306.0 3,610.0 [15]
Mozambique Maputo 248.0 226.0 248.0 240.0 248.0 240.0 248.0 248.0 248.0 217.0 210.0 217.0 2,838.0 [66]
Central African Republic Bangui 217.0 196.0 186.0 180.0 186.0 180.0 124.0 124.0 150.0 155.0 180.0 217.0 2,095.0 [67]
Central African Republic Birao 289.6 275.0 270.6 248.1 255.7 216.9 190.7 186.5 210.0 267.2 290.3 297.4 2,998.0 [68]
Uganda Kampala 238.0 193.0 189.0 195.0 187.0 189.0 139.0 168.0 157.0 172.0 178.0 205.0 2,210.0 [42]
Uganda Entebbe 233.0 204.0 205.0 180.0 192.0 186.0 198.0 195.0 195.0 201.0 198.0 211.0 2,398.0 [15]
Burundi Bujumbura 167.4 158.2 176.7 165.0 210.8 255.0 272.8 251.1 213.0 189.1 150.0 164.3 2,373.4 [69]
Guinea Conakry 223.0 224.0 251.0 222.0 208.0 153.0 109.0 87.0 135.0 189.0 207.0 214.0 2,222.0 [70]
Guinea Kankan 262.0 236.0 249.0 220.0 234.0 216.0 169.0 159.0 191.0 221.0 241.0 260.0 2,658.0 [71]
Guinea-Bissau Bissau 248.0 226.0 279.0 270.0 248.0 210.0 186.0 155.0 180.0 217.0 240.0 248.0 2,707.0 [72]
Equatorial Guinea Bata 201.5 192.1 173.6 177.0 189.1 147.0 142.6 142.6 114.0 114.7 141.0 186.0 1,921.2 [73]
Equatorial Guinea Malabo 148.8 152.5 108.5 120.0 117.8 69.0 46.5 58.9 48.0 68.2 99.0 139.5 1,176.7 [74]
Namibia Keetmanshoop 353 300 312 306 304 287 305 323 319 343 348 348 3,870 ?
Namibia Windhoek 288 254 282 273 310 309 326 341 321 319 297 285 3,605 ?

Asia

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Sunshine hours for selected cities in Asia
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Afghanistan Kabul 177.2 178.6 204.5 232.5 310.3 353.4 356.8 339.7 303.9 282.6 253.2 182.4 3,175.1 [75]
Afghanistan Fayzabad 117.3 116.7 149.2 186.2 256.9 313.6 324.5 305.2 279.1 224.2 176.4 127.3 2,576.6 [76]
Afghanistan Kandahar 199.9 180.6 234.6 254.7 346.1 369.7 342.2 338.5 322.9 306.7 263.8 216.1 3,375.8 [77]
Afghanistan Kunduz 114.4 114.6 158.9 201.0 276.5 332.1 340.2 315.5 289.7 221.8 169.3 118.3 2,652.3 [78]
Lebanon Beirut 131 143 191 243 310 348 360 334 288 245 200 147 2,940 [79]
Bangladesh Dhaka 220.3 225.3 256.3 237.8 220.9 142.2 131.5 140.6 152.7 228.6 236.3 242.6 2,435.1 [80]
China Beijing 194.1 194.7 231.8 251.9 283.4 261.4 212.4 220.9 232.1 222.1 185.3 180.7 2,670.8 ?
China Chengdu 53.3 51.4 83.1 113.9 121.7 117.2 131.9 155.0 77.6 59.4 57.2 51.6 1,073.3 ?
China Chongqing 16.6 32.9 72.8 105.8 109.7 98.7 169.3 175.2 102.6 46.6 35.0 18.0 983.2 ?
China Fuzhou 101.6 79.2 89.1 111.0 114.4 141.9 225.6 199.2 153.7 144.2 120.3 126.9 1,607.1 ?
China Guangzhou 118.5 71.6 62.4 65.1 104.0 140.2 202.0 173.5 170.2 181.8 172.7 166.0 1,628.0 ?
China Hong Kong 143.0 94.2 90.8 101.7 140.4 146.1 212.0 188.9 172.3 193.9 180.1 172.2 1,835.6 [81]
China Lhasa 250.9 226.7 246.1 248.9 276.6 257.3 227.4 219.6 229.0 281.7 267.4 258.6 2,990.2 [82]
China Macau 127.4 79.4 71.5 85.3 136.4 155.3 223.2 195.4 176.5 192.3 172.2 159.1 1,773.9 [83]
China Nanjing 124.7 120.3 144.7 169.2 194.2 162.8 196.7 201.6 164.0 164.2 147.4 137.1 1,926.9 [83]
China Ningbo 123.7 108.4 121.7 142.4 156.7 147.8 243.8 238.0 171.5 166.5 143.4 146.1 1,910.0 ?
China Qingdao 186.0 180.8 220.1 222.0 244.9 219.0 182.9 223.2 219.0 220.1 189.0 182.9 2,489.9 ?
China Shanghai 114.3 119.9 128.5 148.5 169.8 130.9 190.8 185.7 167.5 161.4 131.1 127.4 1,775.8 ?
China Tianjin 170.1 170.2 202.4 223.8 249.0 226.9 206.4 204.4 205.3 196.1 163.0 157.6 2,375.2 ?
China Ürümqi 101.6 128.8 180.5 248.0 283.3 282.7 298.7 301.0 262.6 224.4 127.4 84.3 2,523.3 [84]
China Wuhan 101.9 97.0 121.8 152.8 181.0 170.9 220.2 226.4 175.8 151.9 139.3 126.5 1,775.8 ?
China Xiamen 133.3 88.3 89.6 105.6 132.6 163.8 234.6 211.6 178.9 188.4 163.0 163.5 1,853.2 ?
India Delhi 214.6 216.1 239.1 261.0 263.1 196.5 165.9 177.0 219.0 269.3 247.2 215.8 2,684.6 [85]
India Kolkata 203.9 201.2 225.8 235.4 227.1 123.1 93.1 104.9 116.2 182.6 190.8 203.4 2,107.5 [86]
India Mumbai 269.5 257.6 274.3 283.7 296.2 148.6 73.4 75.9 165.1 240.2 245.8 253.2 2,583.5 [87]
India Bangalore 262.0 248.0 271.0 257.0 241.0 137.0 112.0 114.0 144.0 173.0 190.0 212.0 2,361.0 [88]
India Chennai 232.5 240.1 291.4 294.0 300.7 234.0 142.6 189.1 195.0 257.3 261.0 210.8 2,848.5 [citation needed]
Indonesia Denpasar 173.1 174.0 210.7 224.7 242.9 228.1 246.8 261.7 251.3 252.5 224.4 176.4 2,666.6 [citation needed]
Indonesia Jakarta 189.1 180.8 238.7 255.0 260.4 255.0 282.1 294.5 300.7 279.0 231.0 217.0 2,983.3 [89]
Indonesia Makassar 155 168 186 240 248 241 270 298 300 305 280 158 2,849 [citation needed]
Indonesia Medan 129.6 141.0 153.1 131.2 134.8 157.9 153.9 143.9 123.1 116.3 104.8 98.1 1,587.7 [citation needed]
Iran Bandar Abbas 222.8 210.8 227.0 254.9 312.9 303.5 270.2 271.6 265.9 281.9 251.4 227.6 3,242.3 [90]
Iran Gorgan 147 132 145 166 226 248 243 256 217 206 159 142 2,287 [91]
Iran Isfahan 204.6 216.6 246.4 250.9 308.3 348.8 349.3 341.1 312.5 281.3 223.7 196.3 3279.8 [92]
Iran Mashhad 148.3 147.5 163.3 200.4 280.4 343.2 366.9 359.7 305.2 249.5 188.3 151.6 2,904.3 [93]
Iran Rasht 91.7 86.7 91.2 122.0 174.0 213.2 222.1 187.7 140.2 118.3 100.2 89.6 1636.9 [94]
Iran Tabriz 123.5 146.1 179.5 201.3 269.5 336.7 353.6 339.5 303.3 231.8 177.3 132. 2794.3 [95]
Iran Tehran 137.2 151.1 186.0 219.1 279.8 328.7 336.6 336.8 300.5 246.8 169.4 134.1 2,826.1 [96]
Iraq Baghdad 192.2 203.3 244.9 255.0 300.7 348.0 347.2 353.4 315.0 272.8 213.0 195.3 3,240.8 ?
Israel Tel Aviv 192.2 200.1 235.6 270.0 328.6 357.0 368.9 356.5 300.0 279.0 234.0 189.1 3,311.0 ?
Japan Sapporo 92.5 104.0 146.6 176.5 198.4 187.8 164.9 171.0 160.5 152.3 100.0 85.9 1,740.4 [97]
Japan Sendai 149.0 154.7 178.6 193.7 191.9 143.7 126.3 144.5 128.0 147.0 143.4 136.3 1,836.9 [98]
Japan Tokyo 184.5 165.8 163.1 176.9 167.8 125.4 146.4 169.0 120.9 131.0 147.9 178.0 1,876.7 ?
Japan Kanazawa 62.3 86.5 144.8 184.8 207.2 162.5 167.2 215.9 153.6 152.0 108.6 68.9 1,714.1 [99]
Japan Nagoya 174.5 175.5 199.7 200.2 205.5 151.8 166.0 201.3 159.6 168.9 167.1 170.3 2,141 [100]
Jordan Amman 179.8 182.0 226.3 266.6 328.6 369.0 387.5 365.8 312.0 275.9 225.0 179.8 3,289.7 [101]
Kazakhstan Almaty 118 119 147 194 241 280 306 294 245 184 127 101 2,356 [102]
Kazakhstan Astana 103 147 192 238 301 336 336 294 230 136 100 94 2,507 [103]
Mongolia Ulaanbaatar 179.1 204.8 265.2 262.5 299.3 269.0 249.3 258.3 245.7 227.5 177.4 156.4 2,791.5 [104]
North Korea Pyongyang 184 197 231 237 263 229 181 204 222 214 165 165 2,492 [105]
Oman Muscat 268.6 244.8 278.3 292.5 347.4 325.7 277.7 278.6 303.9 316.9 291.9 267.0 3,493.3 [106]
Pakistan Islamabad 195.7 187.1 202.3 252.4 319.0 300.1 264.4 250.7 262.2 275.5 247.9 195.6 2952.9 [107]
Pakistan Karachi 270.7 249.4 271.6 277.4 299.1 231.8 155.0 147.7 218.8 283.5 273.3 272.0 2,950.3 ?
Pakistan Lahore 218.8 215.0 245.8 276.6 308.3 269.0 227.5 234.9 265.6 290.0 259.6 222.9 3,034.0 ?
Pakistan Quetta 229.1 209.95 232.5 273.0 334.8 327.0 313.1 313.1 294.0 306.9 279.0 238.7 3,341.25 [108]
Philippines Manila 176.7 197.8 225.8 258.0 222.7 162.0 132.8 132.8 132.0 157.6 153.0 151.9 2,103.1 ?
Russia Dikson 0.0 22.6 127.1 237.0 189.1 141.0 223.2 139.5 60.0 24.8 0.0 0.0 1,164.3 [109]
Russia Irkutsk 93 149 207 223 266 264 243 218 182 152 93 62 2,142 [110]
Russia Omsk 68 125 184 235 284 319 321 248 180 105 71 61 2,201 [111]
Russia Petropavlovsk-
Kamchatsky
105.4 115.8 176.7 192.0 192.2 192.0 170.5 176.7 177.0 158.1 123.0 93.0 1,872.4 [112]
Russia Vladivostok 178 184 216 192 199 130 122 149 197 205 168 156 2,096 [113]
Russia Yakutsk 18.6 98.0 232.5 273.0 303.8 333.0 347.2 272.8 174.0 105.4 60.0 9.3 2,227.6 [114]
Saudi Arabia Abha 266.6 265.6 294.5 282.0 288.3 276.0 232.5 238.7 273.0 291.4 273.0 266.6 3,248.2 [115]
Saudi Arabia Riyadh 212.4 226.6 219.8 242.3 287.7 328.2 332.1 309.2 271.6 311.4 269.2 214.3 3,224.8 [116]
Singapore Singapore 172.4 183.2 192.7 173.6 179.8 177.7 187.9 180.6 156.2 155.2 129.6 133.5 2,022.4 ?
South Korea Busan 199.0 182.5 193.0 210.0 221.7 179.7 165.8 200.9 167.2 208.9 194.4 204.3 2,327.3 [117]
South Korea Seoul 160.3 163.3 189.0 205.0 213.0 182.0 120.0 152.5 176.2 198.8 153.2 152.6 2,066.0 [118]
Taiwan Kaohsiung 174.7 165.8 187.0 189.1 198.5 199.9 221.4 193.7 175.7 182.4 162.2 161.8 2,212.2 ?
Taiwan Taichung 176.6 140.6 149.9 137.8 158.7 160.1 199.6 178.7 175.8 203.7 179.4 182.3 2,043.2 ?
Taiwan Taipei 76.1 79.3 95.1 96.9 113.6 114.8 176.9 182.8 151.7 114.7 93.3 78.6 1,373.8 [119]
Thailand Bangkok 272.5 249.9 269.0 256.7 216.4 178.0 171.8 160.3 154.9 198.1 234.2 262.0 2,623.8 [120]
Thailand Chiang Mai 272.8 257.1 294.5 279.0 198.4 156.0 120.9 117.8 144.0 201.5 216.0 254.2 2,512.2 [121]
Thailand Hat Yai 182.9 166.7 186.0 144.0 114.7 111.0 114.7 114.7 108.0 111.6 105.0 108.5 1,567.8 [121]
Thailand Nakhon Ratchasima 226.3 211.9 201.5 186.0 155.0 114.0 117.8 117.8 108.0 145.7 186.0 226.3 1,996.3 [121]
Turkey Ankara 77.5 98.9 161.2 189.0 260.4 306.0 350.3 328.6 276.0 198.4 132.0 71.3 2,449.6 ?
Turkey Adana 132.7 144.2 180.2 206.1 265.6 296.4 311.5 292.4 259.4 223.3 169.3 122.2 2,603.2 [122]
Turkey Denizli 111.6 130.0 173.6 207.0 272.8 321.0 359.6 325.5 264.0 207.7 147.0 102.3 2,622.1 [123]
Turkey Trabzon 71.3 84.8 99.2 135.0 170.5 192.0 176.6 151.9 147.0 127.1 105.0 65.1 1,525.6 [124]
United Arab
Emirates
Dubai 254.2 229.6 254.2 294.0 344.1 342.0 322.4 316.2 309.0 303.8 285.0 254.2 3,508.7 ?
Uzbekistan Tashkent 117.8 127.1 164.3 216.0 303.8 363.0 384.4 365.8 300.0 226.3 150.0 105.4 2,823.9 [125]
Vietnam Da Lat 255 234 255 202 190 147 157 136 133 140 172 215 2,238 [126]
Vietnam Da Nang 139 145 188 209 246 239 253 218 176 145 120 103 2,182 [126]
Vietnam Hanoi 74 47 47 90 183 172 195 174 176 167 137 124 1,585 [126]
Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City 245 246 272 239 195 171 180 172 162 182 200 226 2,489 [126]

Europe

edit
Sunshine hours for selected cities in Europe
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Albania Tirana 124 125 165 191 263 298 354 327 264 218 127 88 2,544
Armenia Yerevan 93 108 162 177 242 297 343 332 278 212 138 92 2,474
Austria Vienna 70 104 155 217 249 259 273 266 194 133 71 57 2,048 [127]
Belarus Minsk 26 72 133 194 256 267 271 230 162 103 39 18 1,807 [128]
Azerbaijan Baku 89.9 89.0 124.0 195.0 257.3 294.0 313.1 282.1 222.0 145.7 93.0 102.3 2,207.4 ?
Azerbaijan Astara 113.3 99.4 110.9 152.4 208.9 268.3 284.9 248.5 185.9 127.3 101.5 110.9 2,012.2 [129]
Belgium Brussels 59 77 114 159 191 188 201 190 143 113 66 45 1,546 [130]
Bosnia and Herzegovina Sarajevo 57 84 126 152 192 207 256 238 187 149 81 41 1,769
Bulgaria Sofia 88 114 160 182 230 258 302 288 220 164 106 66 2,177 [131]
Croatia Zagreb 59 96 140 175 234 244 281 256 187 131 66 45 1,913 [132]
Croatia Split 133 153 186 210 273 306 347 320 246 192 135 130 2,631 [133]
Czech Republic Prague 50 72 125 168 214 218 226 212 161 121 54 47 1,668 [134]
Cyprus Nicosia 182.9 200.1 238.7 267.0 331.7 369.0 387.5 365.8 312.0 275.9 213.0 170.5 3,314.1 [135]
Denmark Aarhus 54 72 148 213 260 251 242 211 161 101 60 49 1,821 [136]
Denmark Copenhagen 56 83 152 226 271 260 246 231 175 107 60 45 1,912 [137]
Denmark Rønne 43 76 152 247 311 315 282 252 192 104 53 37 2,063 [138]
Estonia Tallinn 30 59 148 217 306 294 312 256 162 88 29 20 1,923 [139]
Estonia Vilsandi 37 69 150 226 316 314 330 271 176 100 38 24 2,066 [140]
Faroe Islands Tórshavn 29.8 53.0 91.5 116.2 157.8 135.4 106.9 101.6 88.9 59.7 38.6 22.7 1,002.1 [141]
Finland Helsinki 25 68 138 220 283 297 291 235 150 80 30 21 1,838 [142]
France Lyon 74 101 170 191 221 254 283 253 195 130 76 54 2,002 [143]
France Marseille 150 156 215 245 293 326 366 327 254 205 156 143 2,836 [144]
France Nice 156.7 166.1 218.0 229.2 270.9 309.8 349.3 223.2 249.8 191.1 151.5 145.2 2,760.5 [145]
France Paris 63 79 129 166 194 202 212 212 168 118 68 51 1,662 [146]
Georgia Tbilisi 99 102 142 171 213 249 256 248 206 164 103 93 2,046
Germany Berlin 47 74 121 159 220 222 217 211 156 112 51 37 1,626 [147]
Germany Frankfurt 50 80 121 178 211 219 233 219 156 103 51 41 1,662 [147]
Greece Athens 130 134 183 231 291 336 363 341 276 208 153 127 2,773 [148]
Hungary Budapest 62 93 137 177 234 250 271 255 187 141 69 52 1,988 [149]
Iceland Reykjavík 20 60 109 164 201 174 168 155 120 93 41 22 1,326 [150]
Ireland Dublin 59 75 109 160 195 179 164 157 129 103 71 53 1,453 [151]
Italy Cagliari 150 163 209 218 270 311 342 321 243 209 150 127 2,726 [152]
Italy Milan 59 96 152 177 211 243 285 251 186 130 66 59 1,915 [153]
Italy Naples 115 128 158 189 245 279 313 295 234 189 126 105 2,375 [154]
Italy Rome 121 133 167 201 264 285 332 298 237 195 129 112 2,473 [155]
Latvia Riga 31 62 127 183 264 288 264 229 153 93 39 22 1,754
Lithuania Vilnius 32 57 121 179 252 246 260 237 154 95 35 23 1,691 [156]
Luxembourg Luxembourg City 43 82 118 165 208 210 232.5 208 159 108.5 57 43 1,634 ?
Malta Valletta 169 178 227 254 310 337 377 352 270 224 195 161 3,054 [157]
Moldova Chișinău 75 80 125 187 254 283 299 295 226 169 75 58 2,126
Monaco Monaco 149.8 158.9 185.5 210 248.1 281.1 329.3 296.7 224.7 199 155.2 136.5 2,575 [158]
Montenegro Podgorica 123 126 170 194 251 276 340 314 252 201 126 109 2,481
Netherlands Amsterdam 63 88 126 183 222 206 217 197 139 109 62 51 1,662 [159]
North Macedonia Skopje 87 113 161 198 245 276 323 305 248 188 115 80 2,339
Norway Bergen 19 56 94 147 186 189 167 144 86 60 27 12 1,187 [160][circular reference]
Norway Oslo 40 76 126 178 220 250 246 216 144 86 51 35 1,668 [161]
Norway Tromsø 3 32 112 160 218 221 205 167 92 49 6 0 1,265 [162][circular reference]
Poland Warsaw 44.6 66.5 139.4 210.1 272.4 288.8 295.4 280.2 193.1 122.6 50.6 33.6 1,997 [163]
Portugal Faro 172 165 234 251 314 332 368 352 273 226 182 167 3,036 [164]
Portugal Lisbon 143 157 208 234 291 303 353 344 261 214 156 143 2,806 [165]
Portugal Porto 124 129 192 217 258 274 308 295 224 184 139 124 2,468 [166]
Romania Bucharest 71 85 140 186 245 267 288 282 225 177 87 62 2,115 [167]
Russia Moscow 37 65 142 213 274 299 323 242 171 88 33 14 1,901 [168]
Russia Sochi 96 107 146 162 220 258 279 282 225 195 120 87 2,178 [169]
Serbia Belgrade 72 102 153 188 242 261 291 274 204 163 97 65 2,112 [170]
Serbia Niš 65 93 148 171 221 251 287 274 202 151 86 49 1,998 [171]
Slovakia Bratislava 65 82 152 204 264 270 276 270 207 143 60 47 2,038
Slovenia Ljubljana 71 114 149 178 235 246 293 264 183 120 66 56 1,974
Spain A Coruña 102 121 160 175 201 225 239 244 192 149 108 94 2,010 [172]
Spain Almería 194 191 232 261 297 325 342 315 256 218 183 178 2,994 [173]
Spain Barcelona 158 171 206 239 258 287 293 264 229 196 153 137 2,591 [174]
Spain Cádiz 184 197 228 255 307 331 354 335 252 228 187 166 3,024 [175]
Spain Madrid 148 157 214 231 272 310 359 335 261 198 157 124 2,769 [174]
Spain Seville 202.0 212.2 246.3 270.2 324.9 357.3 388.1 364.3 278.4 244.4 205.3 185.9 3,279.3 [176]
Spain Valencia 171 171 215 234 259 276 315 288 235 202 167 155 2,696 [177]
Sweden Gothenburg 44 69 167 211 239 256 234 196 168 99 47 32 1,762 [178]
Sweden Stockholm 40 72 139 185 254 292 260 221 154 99 54 33 1,803 [179]
Switzerland Zürich 48 77 125 159 186 204 230 208 151 93 50 35 1,566 [180]
Switzerland Geneva 61 96 161 187 212 246 269 242 184 116 65 48 1,887 [181]
Switzerland Sion 93 131 188 210 229 254 271 250 208 160 96 68 2,158 [181]
Switzerland Lugano 124 142 192 182 200 229 260 245 192 141 105 107 2,120 [181]
Turkey Istanbul 71 88 133 180 251 300 322 295 243 164 102 68 2,218 [182]
Ukraine Kyiv 31 57 124 180 279 270 310 248 210 155 60 31 1,955 [183]
United Kingdom Edinburgh 54 79 115 145 188 166 172 162 129 101 71 46 1,427 [184]
United Kingdom Manchester 32 50 99 153 175 153 171 154 116 79 42 43 1,265 [185]
United Kingdom London 62 78 115 169 199 204 212 205 149 117 73 52 1,633 [186]

North America

edit
Sunshine hours for selected cities in North America and Central America
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Canada Calgary 119.5 144.6 177.2 220.2 249.4 269.9 314.1 284.0 207.0 175.4 121.1 114.0 2,396.3 [187]
Canada Churchill 79.7 117.7 177.8 198.2 197.0 243.0 281.7 225.9 112.0 58.1 55.3 53.1 1,799.5 [188]
Canada Edmonton 100.8 121.7 176.3 244.2 279.9 285.9 307.5 282.3 192.7 170.8 98.4 84.5 2,344.8 [189]
Canada Iqaluit 32.4 94.0 172.2 216.5 180.5 200.2 236.8 156.8 87.9 51.4 35.6 12.6 1,476.8 [190]
Canada Montreal 101.0 128.0 164.0 178.0 229.0 240.0 272.0 246.0 182.0 144.0 84.0 84.0 2,051.0 [191]
Canada Toronto 85.9 111.3 161.0 180.0 227.7 259.6 279.6 245.6 194.4 154.3 88.9 78.1 2,066.4 [192]
Canada Vancouver 60.1 91.0 134.8 185.0 222.5 226.9 289.8 277.1 212.8 120.7 60.4 56.5 1,937.6 [193]
Canada Whitehorse 43.8 105.5 163.2 238.5 251.1 266.7 247.6 226.5 132.7 84.9 39.8 26.8 1,827.1 [194]
Canada Winnipeg 114.7 133.9 181.9 241.4 285.3 276.3 308.3 281.4 189.0 147.4 93.9 99.5 2,352.9 [195]
Honduras La Ceiba 170.5 192.1 217.0 234.0 213.9 192.0 201.5 217.0 174.0 151.9 144.0 151.9 2,259.8 [196]
Mexico La Paz 200 234 271 292 332 322 287 258 257 272 233 190 3,148 [197]
Mexico Mexico City 240 234 268 232 225 183 176 176 157 194 232 236 2,555 [198]
Mexico Monterrey 142 154 195 193 192 206 249 242 200 170 163 133 2,239 [199]
Mexico Villahermosa 168 185 252 215 278 217 252 245 167 150 170 144 2,443 [200]
Nicaragua Managua 263.5 254.2 291.4 276.0 229.4 186.0 151.9 195.3 210.0 223.2 231.0 248.0 2,759.9 [201]
Panama Panama City 228.9 245.2 183.9 173.1 108.5 116.3 106.1 118.1 99.2 103.9 139.8 120.5 1,743.5 [202]
Puerto Rico San Juan 237.4 231.2 282.0 268.3 255.2 259.4 280.8 267.8 234.7 227.2 202.4 217.4 2,963.8
El Salvador San Salvador 301 277 294 243 220 174 239 257 180 211 267 294 2,957 [203]
Saint Pierre
and Miquelon
Saint-Pierre 49.6 70.2 115.5 131.9 165.8 172.6 164.8 173.5 156.1 119.0 63.0 45.4 1,427.3 [204]
United States Albuquerque 234.2 225.3 270.2 304.6 347.4 359.3 335.0 314.2 286.7 281.4 233.8 223.3 3,415.4 ?
United States Anchorage 82.9 120.5 195.8 235.3 288.7 274.7 250.1 203.9 159.8 117.1 80.6 51.8 2,061.2 ?
United States Atlanta 164.0 171.7 220.5 261.2 288.6 284.8 273.8 258.6 227.5 238.5 185.1 164.0 2,738.3 ?
United States Austin 163.8 169.3 205.9 205.8 227.1 285.5 317.2 297.9 233.8 215.6 168.3 153.5 2,643.7 ?
United States Baltimore 155.4 164.0 215.0 230.7 254.5 277.3 290.1 264.4 221.8 205.5 158.5 144.5 2,581.7 ?
United States Boise 109.3 151.9 238.6 281.4 335.5 351.6 399.8 358.8 303.6 238.1 119.6 105.2 2,993.4 ?
United States Boston 163.4 168.4 213.7 227.2 267.3 286.5 300.9 277.3 237.1 206.3 143.2 142.3 2,633.6 ?
United States Charlotte 173.3 180.3 234.8 269.6 292.1 289.2 290.0 272.9 241.4 230.5 178.4 168.5 2,821.0 ?
United States Chicago 135.8 136.2 187.0 215.3 281.9 311.4 318.4 283.0 226.6 193.2 113.3 106.3 2,508.4 ?
United States Cleveland 101.0 122.3 167.0 216.0 263.6 294.6 307.2 262.2 219.0 169.5 89.8 67.8 2,280.0 ?
United States Columbus 110.6 126.3 162.0 201.8 243.4 258.1 260.9 235.9 212.0 183.1 104.2 84.3 2,182.6 ?
United States Dallas 183.5 178.3 227.7 236.0 258.4 297.8 332.4 304.5 246.2 228.1 183.8 173.0 2,849.7 ?
United States Denver 215.3 211.1 255.6 276.2 290.0 315.3 325.0 306.4 272.3 249.2 194.3 195.9 3,106.6 ?
United States Detroit 119.9 138.3 184.9 217.0 275.9 301.8 317.0 283.5 227.6 176.0 106.3 87.7 2,435.9 ?
United States El Paso 254.5 263.0 326.0 348.0 384.7 384.1 360.2 335.4 304.1 298.6 257.6 246.3 3,762.5 ?
United States Fresno 141.5 196.9 286.2 335.5 398.9 412.2 428.2 399.6 345.9 302.3 189.9 127.1 3,564.2 ?
United States Honolulu 213.5 212.7 259.2 251.8 280.6 286.1 306.2 303.1 278.8 244.0 200.4 199.5 3,035.9 ?
United States Houston 143.4 155.0 192.5 209.8 249.2 281.3 293.9 270.5 236.5 228.8 168.3 148.7 2,577.9 ?
United States Indianapolis 132.1 145.7 178.3 214.8 264.7 287.2 295.2 273.7 232.6 196.6 117.1 102.4 2,440.4 ?
United States Jacksonville 189.4 193.8 257.9 286.4 303.9 283.6 282.0 262.4 228.2 214.6 193.9 183.6 2,879.7 ?
United States Kansas City 183.7 174.3 223.9 257.8 285.0 305.5 329.3 293.9 240.5 213.6 155.3 147.1 2,809.9 ?
United States Las Vegas 245.2 246.7 314.6 346.1 388.1 401.7 390.9 368.5 337.1 304.4 246.0 236.0 3,825.3 ?
United States Los Angeles 225.3 222.5 267.0 303.5 276.2 275.8 364.1 349.5 278.5 255.1 217.3 219.4 3,254.2 ?
United States Louisville 140.5 148.9 188.6 221.1 263.4 288.9 293.6 272.6 234.3 208.5 135.7 118.3 2,514.4 ?
United States Memphis 166.6 173.8 215.3 254.6 301.5 320.6 326.9 307.0 251.2 245.9 173.0 151.9 2,888.3 ?
United States Miami 219.8 216.9 277.2 293.8 301.3 288.7 308.7 288.3 262.2 260.2 220.8 216.1 3,154.0 ?
United States Milwaukee 140.2 151.5 185.4 213.5 275.5 304.5 321.1 281.2 215.1 178.0 112.8 104.8 2,483.6 ?
United States Minneapolis 156.7 178.3 217.5 242.1 295.2 321.9 350.5 307.2 233.2 181.0 112.8 114.3 2,710.7 ?
United States Nashville 139.6 145.2 191.3 231.5 261.8 277.7 279.0 262.1 226.4 216.8 148.1 130.6 2,510.1 ?
United States New Orleans 153.0 161.5 219.4 251.9 278.9 274.3 257.1 251.9 228.7 242.6 171.8 157.8 2,648.9 ?
United States New York City 162.7 163.1 212.5 225.6 256.6 257.3 268.2 268.2 219.3 211.2 151.0 139.0 2,534.7 ?
United States Nome 62.2 140.1 205.0 245.3 290.3 275.3 250.3 178.1 153.6 116.7 66.4 53.0 2,036.3 ?
United States Oklahoma
City
200.8 189.7 244.2 271.3 295.2 326.1 356.6 329.3 263.7 245.1 186.5 180.9 3,089.4 ?
United States Omaha 167.8 157.6 206.4 230.1 277.1 314.0 332.5 296.3 245.5 217.5 148.0 134.1 2,726.9 ?
United States Philadelphia 155.7 154.7 202.8 217.0 245.1 271.2 275.6 260.1 219.3 204.5 154.7 137.7 2,498.4 ?
United States Phoenix 256.0 257.2 318.4 353.6 401.0 407.8 378.5 360.8 328.6 308.9 256.0 244.8 3,871.6 ?
United States Pittsburgh 93.9 108.5 155.4 182.8 217.4 242.2 254.9 228.4 196.7 167.3 99.4 74.4 2,021.3 ?
United States Portland (OR) 85.6 116.4 191.1 221.1 276.1 290.2 331.9 298.1 235.7 151.7 79.3 63.7 2,340.9 ?
United States Raleigh 163.8 173.1 228.9 250.7 258.4 267.7 259.5 239.6 217.6 215.4 174.0 157.6 2,606.3 ?
United States Richmond (VA) 172.5 179.7 233.3 261.6 288.0 306.4 301.4 278.9 237.9 222.8 183.5 163.0 2,829.0 ?
United States Sacramento 145.5 201.3 278.0 329.6 406.3 419.5 440.2 406.9 347.8 296.7 194.9 141.1 3,607.8 ?
United States Salt Lake City 127.4 163.1 241.9 269.1 321.7 360.5 380.5 352.5 301.1 248.1 150.4 113.1 3,029.4 ?
United States San Antonio 159.4 169.7 215.5 209.7 221.8 275.9 308.8 293.9 234.9 218.0 171.9 149.7 2,629.2 ?
United States San Diego 239.3 227.4 261.0 276.2 250.5 242.4 304.7 295.0 253.3 243.4 230.1 231.3 3,054.6 ?
United States San Francisco 185.9 207.7 269.1 309.3 325.1 311.4 313.3 287.4 271.4 247.1 173.4 160.6 3,061.7 ?
United States Seattle 69.8 108.8 178.4 207.3 253.7 268.4 312.0 281.4 221.7 142.6 72.7 52.9 2,169.7 ?
United States St. Louis 161.2 158.3 198.3 223.5 266.5 291.9 308.9 269.8 236.1 208.4 140.9 129.9 2,593.7 ?
United States Tampa 199.9 202.7 267.5 299.1 314.5 277.8 265.3 249.5 223.0 233.9 201.7 191.6 2,926.5 ?
United States Tucson 259.9 258.2 320.7 357.2 400.8 396.9 342.7 335.6 316.4 307.4 264.4 245.8 3,806.0 ?
United States Tulsa 175.8 171.7 219.6 244.4 266.7 294.8 334.7 305.3 232.5 218.6 161.1 160.8 2,786.0 ?
United States Virginia Beach 171.5 175.2 229.3 252.8 271.7 280.1 278.3 260.4 231.4 208.3 175.7 160.4 2,695.1 ?
United States Washington,
D.C.
144.6 151.8 204.0 228.2 260.5 283.2 280.5 263.1 225.0 203.6 150.2 133.0 2,527.7 ?
United States Wichita 190.9 186.4 230.4 257.8 289.8 305.0 342.1 309.2 245.6 226.3 170.2 168.7 2,922.4 ?
United States Yuma 268.4 270.8 335.5 365.5 407.4 415.4 392.6 375.6 341.7 319.6 270.1 252.7 4,015.3 [205]

South America

edit
Sunshine hours for selected cities in South America
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Argentina Buenos Aires 279.0 240.8 229.0 220.0 173.6 132.0 142.6 173.6 189.0 227.0 252.0 266.6 2525.2 ?
Argentina Córdoba 257.3 229.6 204.6 189.0 170.5 150.0 170.5 204.6 213.0 238.7 255.0 251.1 2533.9 [206]
Argentina La Plata 251.1 229.6 210.8 186.0 155.0 120.0 127.1 161.2 171.0 207.7 225.0 238.7 2283.2 [207]
Argentina Mendoza 297.6 257.6 235.6 219.0 195.3 168.0 182.9 229.4 225.0 282.1 294.0 285.2 2871.7 ?
Argentina Salta 164.3 134.4 105.4 117.0 136.4 120.0 173.6 195.3 162.0 182.9 171.0 164.3 1826.6 ?
Argentina Ushuaia 180.2 150.4 124.9 92.7 78.0 50.3 35.0 58.3 87.6 113.0 140.0 170.8 1281.2 ?
Bolivia La Paz 182.9 152.6 148.8 165.0 222.7 240.0 235.6 217.0 189.0 179.8 171.0 186.0 2288.9 ?
Brazil Belém 130.3 103.1 111.1 132.8 186.7 228.7 250.8 266.4 242.4 231.8 191.7 159.1 2234.9 [208]
Brazil Belo Horizonte 176.0 190.8 194.9 210.7 221.2 229.9 240.5 241.5 202.5 196.5 166.9 153.3 2424.7 [208]
Brazil Brasília 150.9 158.9 166.5 204.6 239.5 254.3 268.9 264.4 210.5 183.1 139.9 126.8 2368.3 [208]
Brazil Curitiba 160.5 151.3 163.1 155.5 148.8 141.3 162.1 173.0 124.3 136.7 163.5 164.7 1844.8 [208]
Brazil Fortaleza 222.0 181.2 157.0 147.1 201.3 215.5 259.4 288.3 284.4 294.1 288.5 265.4 2804.2 [208]
Brazil Manaus 112.7 93.4 95.8 107.3 144.2 186.8 218.5 215.7 183.8 158.1 140.0 118.5 1774.8 [208]
Brazil Porto Alegre 227.2 195.2 202.4 166.0 146.9 115.6 131.4 145.3 145.8 178.0 215.2 232.4 2101.4 [208]
Brazil Rio de Janeiro 194.3 199.8 189.3 194.0 190.0 202.1 196.0 199.7 135.7 156.0 163.7 166.7 2187.3 [208]
Brazil Recife 233.0 210.5 227.6 198.3 186.0 161.1 175.2 195.2 215.6 242.6 245.4 246.0 2536.5 [208]
Brazil Salvador 246.9 215.0 227.2 194.1 165.8 147.8 169.1 189.1 211.4 235.5 210.9 230.2 2443.0 [208]
Brazil São Paulo 139.1 153.5 161.6 169.3 167.6 160.0 169.0 173.1 144.5 157.9 152.8 145.1 1893.5 [208]
Chile Antofagasta 319.3 291.0 294.5 252.0 229.4 207.0 204.6 213.9 219.0 260.4 276.0 310.0 3077.1 ?
Chile Calama 353.4 305.1 319.3 312.0 306.9 297.0 310.0 316.2 321.0 356.5 363.0 365.8 3926.2 [209]
Chile Concepción 341.0 278.0 255.0 191.0 133.0 114.0 129.0 162.0 197.0 254.0 296.0 331.0 2681.0 ?
Chile Santiago 362.7 302.3 272.8 201.0 155.0 120.0 145.7 161.2 186.0 248.0 306.0 347.2 2807.9 ?
Chile Valdivia 257.3 228.8 204.6 123.0 68.2 45.0 65.1 89.9 111.0 127.1 189.0 207.7 1716.7 ?
Colombia Barranquilla 283.0 245.0 241.0 211.0 187.0 194.0 217.0 208.0 166.0 167.0 191.0 252.0 2561.0 ?
Colombia Bogotá 156.0 128.0 107.0 88.0 83.0 94.0 114.0 117.0 109.0 96.0 103.0 138.0 1328.0 ?
Colombia Cali 183.0 155.8 166.5 139.0 147.1 153.1 189.9 175.1 157.4 151.1 153.8 170.1 1941.9 [210]
Colombia Medellín 175.5 149.0 154.2 127.9 138.9 173.0 203.2 191.6 153.4 132.9 136.4 156.2 1892.2 [211]
Ecuador Guayaquil 102.3 101.7 139.5 150.0 167.4 123.0 127.1 133.3 144.0 136.4 120.0 136.4 1581.1 ?
Ecuador Quito 197.0 140.0 122.0 136.0 164.0 189.0 249.0 256.0 196.0 177.0 197.0 215.0 2238.0 ?
Falkland Islands Stanley 198.0 161.0 169.0 115.0 77.0 57.0 69.0 90.0 128.0 189.0 200.0 198.0 1651.0 ?
French Guiana Cayenne 94.3 89.9 119.0 118.1 118.8 148.6 196.5 229.8 255.2 251.1 217.3 137.5 1976.0 ?
Guyana Georgetown 201.0 208.6 219.7 197.9 178.8 156.7 201.6 233.7 229.8 235.3 210.9 186.6 2460.6 ?
Paraguay Asunción 276.0 246.0 254.0 228.0 205.0 165.0 195.0 223.0 204.0 242.0 270.0 295.0 2803.0 ?
Peru Arequipa 223.2 189.3 244.9 294.0 288.3 291.0 291.4 310.0 297.0 303.8 309.0 291.4 3333.3 ?
Peru Iquitos 167.4 149.7 151.9 159.0 173.6 189.0 213.9 226.3 213.0 198.4 180.0 158.1 2,180.3 [212]
Peru Lima 179.1 169.0 139.2 184.0 116.4 50.6 28.6 32.3 37.3 65.3 89.0 139.2 1230.0 ?
Uruguay Montevideo 294.9 230.6 222.8 179.6 164.2 129.7 139.7 164.4 182.3 239.0 248.9 285.3 2481.4 ?
Venezuela Caracas 229.4 217.5 235.6 183.0 182.9 183.0 210.8 217.0 213.0 210.8 210.0 213.9 2506.9 ?
Venezuela Maracaibo 300.0 279.0 286.0 257.0 243.0 253.0 301.0 279.0 272.5 283.0 258.0 273.0 3284.2 ?
Venezuela Maracay 279.2 268.8 288.3 225 207.7 201 220.1 229.4 228 235.6 246 269.7 2904.8 [213]
Venezuela Ciudad Bolivar 248.0 235.2 263.5 234.0 226.3 201.0 232.5 248.0 252.0 260.4 249.0 244.9 2,894.8 [214]

Oceania

edit
Sunshine hours for selected cities in Oceania
Country City Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year Ref.
Australia Tennant Creek 285.2 257.1 285.2 294.0 300.7 294.0 316.2 328.6 306.0 313.1 294.0 291.4 3,565.5 [215]
Australia Oodnadatta 337.9 315.0 313.1 273.0 244.9 231.0 254.2 275.9 291.0 316.2 321.0 341.0 3,514.2 [216]
Australia Broome 257.3 212.8 263.5 294.0 291.4 282.0 306.9 325.5 312.0 337.9 336.0 291.4 3,510.7 [217]
Australia Alice Springs 306.0 276.8 300.7 285.0 263.5 252.0 282.1 306.9 300.0 313.1 303.0 310.0 3,499.1 ?
Australia Perth 356.5 314.9 295.5 246.0 211.7 180.6 188.4 219.8 232.4 299.8 320.4 359.4 3,229.5 ?
Australia Townsville 254.2 211.9 244.9 243.9 244.9 231.0 263.5 279.0 291.0 306.9 291.0 288.3 3,141.1 [218]
Australia Darwin 176.7 162.4 210.8 261.0 297.6 297.0 313.1 319.3 297.0 291.4 252.0 213.9 3,092.2 ?
Australia Brisbane 263.5 223.2 232.5 234.0 235.6 198.0 238.7 266.6 270.0 275.9 270.0 265.4 2,968.4 ?
Australia Canberra 294.5 254.3 251.1 219.0 186.0 156.0 179.8 217.0 231.0 266.6 267.0 291.4 2,813.7 ?
Australia Adelaide 325.5 285.3 266.6 219.0 167.4 138.0 148.8 186.0 204.0 257.3 273.0 294.5 2,765.4 ?
Australia Cairns 210.8 173.6 201.5 204.0 210.8 216.0 229.4 251.1 261.0 272.8 255.0 232.5 2,718.5 [219]
Australia Launceston 285.2 256.9 241.8 198.0 155.0 135.0 142.6 170.5 201.0 254.2 267.0 282.1 2,589.3 [220]
Australia Norfolk Island 238.7 203.4 204.6 198.0 189.1 168.0 186.0 223.2 219.0 241.8 249.0 241.8 2,556.8 [221]
Australia Sydney 220.1 189.3 198.4 192 182.9 165 198.4 213 223.2 216 241.8 228 2,468.1 [222]
Papua New Guinea Port Moresby 182 158 184 200 211 200 203 222 213 231 243 216 2,463 ?
Australia Hobart 257.3 226.0 210.8 177.0 148.8 132.0 151.9 179.8 195.3 232.5 234.0 248.0 2,393.1 [223]
Australia Melbourne 266.6 228.8 223.2 186.0 142.6 120.0 136.4 164.3 183.0 223.2 225.0 263.5 2,362.6 ?
Solomon Islands Honiara 186.0 155.4 198.4 192.0 210.8 198.0 186.0 204.6 192.0 226.3 216.0 164.3 2,330.0 ?
New Zealand Christchurch 224.4 190.5 177.4 155.6 133.3 117.7 124.8 149.0 166.6 201.3 215.3 214.3 2,070.2 ?
New Zealand Wellington 240.3 205.0 194.7 153.8 126.0 102.3 111.4 137.2 163.2 191.1 210.8 222.9 2,058.7 ?
New Zealand Hamilton 229.8 192.9 193.3 165.1 138.3 112.8 126.4 144.1 147.5 174.8 187.1 207.6 2,019.6 ?
New Zealand Auckland 228.8 194.9 189.2 157.3 139.8 110.3 128.1 142.9 148.6 178.1 188.1 197.2 2,003.1 ?
Fiji Suva 192.2 178 170.5 153.0 145.7 141.0 136.4 142.6 135.0 164.3 168.0 195.3 1,922.0 [224]
New Zealand Dunedin 179.6 158.0 146.1 125.9 108.4 95.3 110.6 122.2 136.8 165.5 166.9 168.3 1,683.7 [225]

See also

edit

References

edit
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