Portuguese
português, língua portuguesa
Pronunciation[puɾtuˈɣeʃ], [poɾtuˈɡes], [poʁtu′ɡes], [poɹtu′ɡes]
EthnicityLusophones
Native speakers
223 million (2012–2016)[1]
20 million L2 speakers[1]
Early form
Old Portuguese
(Galician-Portuguese)
Latin (Portuguese alphabet)
Portuguese Braille
Manually coded Portuguese
Official status
Official language in

Recognised minority
language in
Regulated byPortugal:
Lisbon Academy of Sciences (Lisbon Academy Class of Letters)
Brazil:
Academia Brasileira de Letras
Language codes
ISO 639-1pt
ISO 639-2por
ISO 639-3por
Glottologport1283[6]
Linguasphere51-AAA-a
Map of the portuguese language in the world.svg
  Native language
  Official and administrative language
  Cultural or secondary language
  Portuguese-speaking minorities
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Portuguese (português or, in full, língua portuguesa) is a Western Romance language originating in the Iberian Peninsula. It is the sole official language of Portugal, Brazil, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Mozambique, Angola and São Tomé and Príncipe.[7] It also has co-official language status in East Timor, Equatorial Guinea and Macau in China. As the result of expansion during colonial times, a cultural presence of Portuguese and Portuguese creole speakers are also found in Goa, Daman and Diu in India;[8] in Batticaloa on the east coast of Sri Lanka; in the Indonesian island of Flores; in the Malacca state of Malaysia; and the ABC islands in the Caribbean where Papiamento is spoken, while Cape Verdean Creole is the most widely spoken Portuguese-based Creole. A Portuguese-speaking person or nation is referred to as "Lusophone" (Lusófono).

Portuguese is part of the Ibero-Romance group that evolved from several dialects of Vulgar Latin in the medieval Kingdom of Galicia and the County of Portugal, and has kept some Celtic phonology and lexicon.[9][10] With approximately 215 to 220 million native speakers and 250 million total speakers, Portuguese is usually listed as the sixth most natively spoken language in the world, the third-most spoken European language in the world in terms of native speakers,[11] and the most spoken language in the Southern Hemisphere. It is also the second-most spoken language, after Spanish, in South America and all of Latin America, and is one of the 10 most spoken languages in Africa[12] and is an official language of the European Union, Mercosur, OAS, ECOWAS and the African Union. The Community of Portuguese Language Countries is an international organization made up of all of the world's officially Lusophone nations.