2024 in spaceflight

Summary

2024 in spaceflight
Xemu-eva-Artemis.jpg
The Artemis III mission is scheduled to carry astronauts to the Lunar South Pole in 2024

This article documents expected notable spaceflight events during the year 2024.

In 2024, NASA's Artemis Program is expected to launch the Artemis III mission which will land Astronauts near the south pole of the Moon.[1] It is planned to become the first mission to land humans on the Moon since 1972.

NASA plans to launch the first two components of the Lunar Gateway,[2] a key part of its efforts to return to the Moon and a stepping stone for crewed missions to Mars in the 2030s.[3]

NASA also plans to launch the Europa Clipper, which will study the Jovian moon Europa while in orbit around Jupiter.

China will launch Chang'e 7 to explore the lunar south pole.[4] The mission will include an orbiter, a lander, a rover, and a mini-flying probe.

Japan plans to launch the Martian Moons Exploration (MMX) spacecraft to collect and bring back samples from one of the moons of Mars, Phobos.[5]

The first crewed flight of Orel, Russia's replacement for the crewed Soyuz spacecraft, is scheduled for 2024.

Orbital launches

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks


March

Q1 (TBD)[6] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Multi-Launch Service (MLS) #2 rideshare mission.
Q1 (TBD)[7] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral or Kennedy United States SpaceX
United States IM-3 Intuitive Machines TLI to lunar surface Lunar lander  
Third Nova-C mission. It will carry 130 kg of payloads to the lunar surface.
Q1 (TBD)[8] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Kazakhstan Baikonur Site 31/6 Russia GK Launch Services
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
GK Launch Services rideshare mission.
Q1 (TBD)[9][11] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Russia Baikonur or Vostochny[11] Russia Roscosmos
Russia Smotr-1 Gazprom Space Systems Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First optical satellite of the Smotr earth observation system.[9][10]
Q1 (TBD)[13] Russia Soyuz ST-B / Fregat-MT France Kourou ELS France Arianespace
Europe MetOp-SG A1[14] EUMETSAT Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
First of six MetOp-SG launches.[12]
Q1 (TBD)[15] Europe Vega-C[16] France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Europe Sentinel-2C[17] ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Third Sentinel-2 satellite.
Q1 (TBD)[18][19][20] TBA TBA TBA
Europe Arctic Weather Satellite PFM ESA Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology
Technology demonstration
 
Proto Flight Model (PFM) for the ESA's Arctic Weather Satellite constellation.
Q1 (TBD)[21] TBA TBA TBA
South Korea SpaceEye-T Satrec Initiative Low Earth Earth observation  

April

30 April[22][23] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States GOES-U NOAA / NASA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
April (TBD)[24] TBA TBA TBA
TBA SSL 1300 bus satellite[25] TBA Geosynchronous Communications  
United States SunRISE × 6 NASA Geosynchronous Space weather  
SunRISE is a NASA Explorers Program Mission of Opportunity.

May

May (TBD)[26] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States TBA NASA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
Commercial Lunar Payload Services (CLPS) mission delivering payloads to Schrödinger Basin. The Lunar Surface Electromagnetics Experiment (LuSEE), a flight spare from the FIELDS instrument on the Parker Solar Probe, will fly on this mission.

June

17 June[27][28] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Vandenberg SLC-4E United States SpaceX
United States SPHEREx NASA Low Earth (SSO) Near-infrared astronomy  
June (TBD)[29] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States EZIE × 3 NASA / JHUAPL Low Earth (SSO) Space weather / Electrojet research  
Heliophysics Mission of Opportunity for the Explorers Program.
Q2 (TBD)[30][31] United States Firefly Beta United States Cape Canaveral SLC-20 United States Firefly
TBA Firefly Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Firefly Beta.
Q2 (TBD)[6] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
Small Satellites Mission Service (SSMS) #8 rideshare mission.
Q2 (TBD)[32] TBA TBA TBA
Spain Spainsat NG II[33] Hisdesat Geosynchronous Communications  
H1 2024 (TBD)[34][35] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe MTG-S1[36] EUMETSAT Geosynchronous Meteorology  
H1 2024 (TBD)[37][38] TBA TBA TBA
Israel Beresheet 2 orbiter SpaceIL / ISA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter  
Israel Beresheet 2 lander 1 SpaceIL / ISA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
Israel Beresheet 2 lander 2 SpaceIL / ISA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
Mid 2024 (TBD)[39] Germany RFA One Norway Andøya Germany RFA
Sweden TBA OHB Sweden Low Earth TBA  
Dedicated launch contract for OHB Sweden.
Mid 2024 (TBD)[40] Germany RFA One Norway Andøya Germany RFA
Europe TBA OHB Cosmos Low Earth TBA  
Dedicated launch contract for OHB Cosmos.
Mid 2024 (TBD)[41] TBA TBA TBA
Japan ispace Mission 3 ispace TLI to lunar surface Lunar lander  


August

August (TBD)[42][43] TBA TBA TBA
Taiwan FORMOSAT-8B NSPO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  

September

September (TBD)[44][45] Russia Angara A5P Russia Vostochny Site 1A Russia Roscosmos
Russia Orel Roscosmos Low Earth (ISS) Flight test  
First flight of the Angara A5P, a crew-rated variant of the Angara A5. An uncrewed Orel capsule will be sent to the International Space Station to test docking procedures.
September (TBD)[46] Japan H3-24L Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan Martian Moons Exploration (MMX)[47] JAXA Areocentric Mars orbiter and Phobos lander  
September (TBD)[48][49] United States New Glenn United States Cape Canaveral LC-36 United States Blue Origin
United States Axiom Hub Module (AxH1)[50] Axiom Space Low Earth (ISS) ISS assembly / Commercial habitat  
First Axiom module to be launched, nominally on New Glenn (with Falcon Heavy as backup).[48]
Q3 (TBD)[6] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
SSMS #9 rideshare mission.
Q3 (TBD)[6] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
SSMS #10 rideshare mission.

October

October (TBD)[51] Europe Ariane 6 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe Hera ESA Heliocentric Asteroid orbiter  
Europe Juventas[52] ESA Heliocentric Asteroid probe  
Europe Milani[53] ESA Heliocentric Asteroid probe  
October (TBD)[54] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Europa Clipper NASA Jovicentric Jupiter orbiter  
October (TBD)[55] United States SLS Block 1 United States Kennedy LC-39B United States NASA
United States Artemis 3 NASA Selenocentric Crewed lunar landing  
Second crewed Orion flight and first crewed lunar landing since Apollo 17 in 1972.
October (TBD)[18][56] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
Europe FLEX ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Earth Explorer 8 of the Living Planet Programme.
October (TBD)[57][58] United States Commercial launch vehicle United States TBA United States TBA
United States ESCAPADE Blue Space Sciences Laboratory Areocentric Magnetospheric science  
United States ESCAPADE Gold Space Sciences Laboratory Areocentric Magnetospheric science  
Two Photon spacecraft compose the ESCAPADE mission to study Mars' magnetosphere. Part of NASA's Small Innovative Missions for Planetary Exploration (SIMPLEx) program, ridesharing aboard a commercial launch vehicle.

November

13 November[59] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Vostochny Site 1A Russia Roscosmos
Russia Luna 26 Roscosmos Selenocentric Lunar orbiter  
November (TBD)[60] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States Power and Propulsion Element (PPE) NASA Selenocentric (NRHO) Lunar Gateway component  
United States Habitation and Logistics Outpost (HALO) NASA Selenocentric (NRHO) Lunar Gateway component  
First two Lunar Gateway modules. NASA originally intended to launch them on two separate Falcon Heavies,[2] but later switched to a single Falcon Heavy launch to reduce risk.
November (TBD)[61][62] Europe Vega-C or Ariane 62 France Kourou ELV or ELA-4 France Arianespace
China Europe SMILE CAS / ESA Molniya Earth observation  

December

December (TBD)[63] India GSLV Mk II or III India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India Shukrayaan-1 ISRO Cytherocentric Venus orbiter  
Q4 (TBD)[64][65] Russia Angara A5M Russia Vostochny Site 1A Russia Roscosmos
Russia TBA Roscosmos Low Earth Flight test  
First flight of the Angara A5M.
Q4 (TBD)[6] Europe Ariane 64 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
MLS #3 rideshare mission.
Q4 (TBD)[31] United States Firefly Beta United States Vandenberg SLC-2W United States Firefly
TBA Firefly Low Earth Flight test  
First Firefly Beta launch from Vandenberg.
Q4 (TBD)[66][67] India PSLV India Satish Dhawan India ISRO
France India TRISHNA CNES / ISRO Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Third collaborative satellite mission between France and India.
Q4 (TBD)[69] Russia Soyuz-2.1a / Fregat Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Kanopus-VO №1 Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
First satellite of the Kanopus-VO system, a next-generation successor to Kanopus-V.[68]
Q4 (TBD)[6] Europe Vega-C France Kourou ELV France Arianespace
TBA TBA Low Earth (SSO) TBA  
SSMS #11 rideshare mission.

To be determined

2024 (TBD)[70][71] Russia Angara A5 / Persei Russia Vostochny Site 1A Russia Roscosmos
Russia Luch-5VM Roscosmos Geosynchronous Communications  
2024 (TBD)[73] Europe Ariane 6 France Kourou ELA-4 France Arianespace
Europe Galileo G2 1 ESA Medium Earth Navigation  
First Galileo Second Generation (G2) satellite launch.[72]
2024 (TBD)[74] United States Delta IV Heavy D-389 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-37B United States ULA
United States NROL-70 (Orion 12)[75] NRO Geosynchronous Reconnaissance (SIGINT)  
Final Delta IV Heavy launch, and final launch of the Delta rocket family.
2024 (TBD)[76] Japan Epsilon S Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Japan DESTINY+ JAXA Heliocentric Asteroid flyby  
2024 (TBD)[77] Japan Epsilon Japan Uchinoura Japan JAXA
Japan Innovative Satellite Technology Demonstration-4 JAXA Low Earth Technology demonstration  
H2 2024 (TBD)[78][79] United States Falcon 9 Block 5 United States Cape Canaveral SLC-40 United States SpaceX
Luxembourg O3b mPOWER × 2 (FM30–31)[80] SES S.A. Medium Earth Communications  
2024 (TBD)[81] United States Falcon Heavy United States Kennedy LC-39A United States SpaceX
United States SpaceX GLS-1 SpaceX / NASA Selenocentric (NRHO) Gateway logistics  
First Lunar Gateway resupply mission, using the Dragon XL logistics module.
2024 (TBD)[82] India GSLV Mk II India Satish Dhawan SLP India ISRO
India Mars Orbiter Mission 2 ISRO Areocentric Mars orbiter  
2024 (TBD)[77] Japan H3-24L Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan HTV-X3 JAXA TBA ISS or Gateway logistics  
Under review for possible conversion into a Lunar Gateway supply mission.
2024 (TBD)[77][83] Japan H3 Japan Tanegashima LA-Y2 Japan MHI
Japan QZS-7 (Michibiki-7) CAO Tundra Navigation  
2024 (TBD)[84][85] United States Launcher Light United States TBA United States Launcher
United States TBA Launcher Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Launcher Light.
2024 (TBD)[86] China Long March 2C China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China HaiYang 1F[87][88] Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2024 (TBD)[89] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Brazil CBERS 5 CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2024 (TBD)[89] China Long March 4B China Taiyuan LC-9 China CASC
China Brazil CBERS 6 CASC / INPE Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2024 (TBD)[86] China Long March 4B China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
China HaiYang 2F[90][91] Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth Earth observation  
2024 (TBD)[86] China Long March 4B China Jiuquan SLS-2 China CASC
China HaiYang 2L[91] Ministry of Natural Resources Low Earth Earth observation  
Ocean Wind and Wave Observation Satellite.
2024 (TBD)[92] China Long March 5 China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Chang'e 6 CNSA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
2024 (TBD)[4] China Long March 5 China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Chang'e 7 orbiter CNSA Selenocentric Lunar orbiter  
China Chang'e 7 lander CNSA Selenocentric Lunar lander  
2024 (TBD)[93] China Long March 5B China Wenchang LC-1 China CASC
China Xuntian CNSA Low Earth Space telescope  
Xuntian ("Heavenly Cruiser"), also known as the Chinese Space Station Telescope, will orbit close to the Chinese space station.
2024 (TBD)[94] China Long March TBA China TBA China CASC
China Fengyun 4 MW CMA Geosynchronous Meteorology  
Fengyun 4 Microwave prototype satellite.
2024 (TBD)[86] China Long March TBA China TBA China CASC
China HaiYang 3C[95] Ministry of Natural Resources Geosynchronous Earth observation  
2024 (TBD)[96] Spain Miura 5 France Kourou Spain PLD Space
TBA TBA Low Earth Flight test  
First flight of Miura 5.
2024 (TBD)[97] United States Neutron United States MARS LP-0A United States Rocket Lab
United States TBA Rocket Lab Low Earth Flight test  
Maiden flight of Neutron.
2024 (TBD)[98] South Korea Nuri South Korea Naro LC-2 South Korea KARI
South Korea TBA TBA Low Earth TBA  
Fourth planned launch of Nuri.
2024 (TBD)[9] Russia Proton-M / Briz-M[99] Kazakhstan Baikonur Russia Roscosmos
Russia Yamal-501 Gazprom Space Systems Geosynchronous Communications  
2024 (TBD)[100][101] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Ionosfera 3 RAS Low Earth (SSO) Ionospheric research  
Russia Ionosfera 4 RAS Low Earth (SSO) Ionospheric research  
2024 (TBD)[102] Russia Soyuz-2.1b / Fregat Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Meteor-M №2-5[103] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
2024 (TBD)[104] Russia Soyuz-2.1b Russia Vostochny Site 1S Russia Roscosmos
Russia Resurs-PM №2[105] Roscosmos Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2024 (TBD)[106] United States Terran R United States Cape Canaveral LC-16 United States Relativity Space
TBA Unnamed anchor customer Low Earth TBA  
Maiden flight of Terran R.
2024 (TBD)[107] United States Commercial launch vehicle United States Cape Canaveral United States TBA
United States WGS-11+ U.S. Space Force Geosynchronous Communications  
2024 (TBD)[18][108] Europe TBA France Kourou France Arianespace
Europe ALTIUS ESA Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
2024 (TBD)[109] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States Ardoride Momentus Space Selenocentric (LLO) Space tug  
Canada Canadensys LEAP payload[110][111] Canadensys Selenocentric (LLO) Technology demonstration  
Singapore Zeus-MS × 2[109] Qosmosys Selenocentric (LLO) Technology demonstration  
First Momentus Ardoride lunar rideshare mission.
2024 (TBD)[112][113] Russia TBA Kazakhstan Baikonur or Russia Vostochny Russia Roscosmos
Russia Ekspress-RV1 RSCC Highly elliptical Communications  
Russia Ekspress-RV2 RSCC Highly elliptical Communications  
Russia Ekspress-RV3 RSCC Highly elliptical Communications  
Russia Ekspress-RV4 RSCC Highly elliptical Communications  
Ekspress-RV will cover Russia's Far North, which is inaccessible to the main Ekspress constellation in geosynchronous orbit.
2024 (TBD)[116] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States MRV Northrop Grumman / DARPA Geosynchronous Satellite servicing  
The Mission Robotic Vehicle (MRV) will carry DARPA's Robotic Servicing of Geosynchronous Spacecraft (RSGS) Robotic Payload.[114] It will test in-space robotic inspection, maintenance, and repair technologies on satellites in geosynchronous orbit.[115]
2024 (TBD)[117] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States PTS prototype payloads Boeing / Northrop Grumman Geosynchronous Technology demonstration  
On-orbit demonstration mission for the U.S. Space Force's Protected Tactical Satcom (PTS) program.
2024 (TBD)[118][119] United States TBA United States TBA United States TBA
United States WSF-E U.S. Space Force Low Earth (SSO) Meteorology  
2024 (TBD)[121] TBA TBA TBA
Israel EROS-C3 ImageSat Low Earth (SSO) Earth observation  
Third and final satellite for the EROS-NG constellation.[120]
H2 2024 (TBD)[122] TBA TBA TBA
Europe Eutelsat 36D Eutelsat Geosynchronous Communications  
Replacement for Eutelsat 36B.
2024 (TBD)[124][125] TBA TBA TBA
United Kingdom Europe Lunar Pathfinder SSTL / ESA Selenocentric (ELFO) Communications  
Will be launched to an Elliptical Lunar Frozen Orbit (ELFO).[123]
2024 (TBD)[126] TBA TBA TBA
Japan Superbird-9 SKY Perfect JSAT Geosynchronous Communications  
2024 (TBD)[127] TBA TBA TBA
United States SXM-9 Sirius XM Geosynchronous Communications  
2024 (TBD)[128] TBA TBA TBA
United States Varda 3 Varda Space Industries Low Earth Space manufacturing  
United States Photon Rocket Lab Low Earth Orbital station-keeping  
Rideshare on a to-be-announced launch vehicle.
2024 (TBD)[130] TBA TBA TBA
Hungary TBA CarpathiaSat Geosynchronous Communications  
First Hungarian geosynchronous communications satellite.[129]

Suborbital flights

Date and time (UTC) Rocket Flight number Launch site LSP
Payload
(⚀ = CubeSat)
Operator Orbit Function Decay (UTC) Outcome
Remarks
1 March[131][132] Canada Black Brant IX United States Poker Flat Research Range United States NASA
United States FOXSI-4 UMN Suborbital Solar X-ray astronomy  
Fourth flight of the FOXSI Sounding Rocket payload.
1 March[131] Canada Black Brant IX United States Poker Flat Research Range United States NASA
United States Hi-C Flare Marshall Space Flight Center Suborbital Solar physics  
Fourth flight of the High Resolution Coronal Imager (Hi-C).
1 March[131][132] Canada Black Brant IX United States Poker Flat Research Range United States NASA
United States SNIFS CU Boulder Suborbital Integral field spectroscopy  
Solar eruptioN Integral Field Spectrograph (SNIFS).
3 June[131] Canada Black Brant IX United States Wallops Flight Facility United States NASA
United States MAV-FT 2 NASA / JPL Suborbital Flight test  
Second Mars Ascent Vehicle Flight Test (MAV-FT).
1 December[131] Canada Black Brant IX United States Wallops Flight Facility United States NASA
United States MAV-FT 3 NASA / JPL Suborbital Flight test  
Third Mars Ascent Vehicle Flight Test (MAV-FT).

Deep-space rendezvous

Date (UTC) Spacecraft Event Remarks
3 February Juno 58th perijove On the day of this perijove, Juno will fly by Io. Orbital period around Jupiter reduced to 33 days.[133][134]
23 August JUICE Second gravity assist at Earth
5 September BepiColombo Fifth gravity assist at Mercury
6 November Parker Solar Probe Seventh gravity assist at Venus
2 December BepiColombo Third gravity assist at Mercury
24 December Parker Solar Probe 22nd perihelion, closest approach to the Sun

Extravehicular activities (EVAs)

Start Date/Time Duration End Time Spacecraft Crew Remarks

Orbital launch statistics

By country

For the purposes of this section, the yearly tally of orbital launches by country assigns each flight to the country of origin of the rocket, not to the launch services provider or the spaceport. For example, Soyuz launches by Arianespace in Kourou are counted under Russia because Soyuz-2 is a Russian rocket.

Country Launches Successes Failures Partial
failures
Remarks

By rocket

By family

Family Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By type

Rocket Country Family Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By configuration

Rocket Country Type Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By spaceport

Site Country Launches Successes Failures Partial failures Remarks

By orbit

Orbital regime Launches Achieved Not achieved Accidentally
achieved
Remarks
Transatmospheric 0 0 0 0
Low Earth 0 0 0 0
Geosynchronous / transfer 0 0 0 0
Medium Earth 0 0 0 0
High Earth 0 0 0 0
Heliocentric orbit 0 0 0 0 Including planetary transfer orbits

Epected Maiden Flights

Notes

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External links

Generic references:
RocketSunIcon.svg Spaceflight portal
  • Bergin, Chris. "NASASpaceFlight.com".
  • Clark, Stephen. "Spaceflight Now".
  • Kelso, T.S. "Satellite Catalog (SATCAT)". CelesTrak.
  • Krebs, Gunter. "Chronology of Space Launches".
  • Kyle, Ed. "Space Launch Report".
  • McDowell, Jonathan. "Jonathan's Space Report".
  • Pietrobon, Steven. "Steven Pietrobon's Space Archive".
  • Wade, Mark. "Encyclopedia Astronautica".
  • Webb, Brian. "Southwest Space Archive".
  • Zak, Anatoly. "Russian Space Web".
  • "ISS Calendar". Spaceflight 101.
  • "NSSDCA Master Catalog". NASA Space Science Data Coordinated Archive. NASA Goddard Space Flight Center.
  • "Space Calendar". NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory.
  • "Space Information Center". JAXA.
  • "Хроника освоения космоса" [Chronicle of space exploration]. CosmoWorld (in Russian).